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Continuous Positive Airway Pressure to Improve Milder Obstructive Sleep Apnea (CATNAP)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Respironics Sleep and Respiratory Foundation
Cephalon
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00089752
First received: August 12, 2004
Last updated: June 26, 2017
Last verified: June 2017
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to determine whether functional status improves in individuals with milder obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) following continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment.

Condition Intervention
Lung Diseases Sleep Apnea Syndromes Hypertension Device: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Treatment Device: Sham CPAP device - CPAP device with pressure delivered <1 cm H20

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Impact of CPAP on Functional Outcomes in Milder Obstructive Sleep Apnea (CATNAP)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Pennsylvania:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in the Score of the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire at Baseline and Week 8 Treatment [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    The primary endpoint is change after 8 weeks of treatment from baseline value (controlling for baseline value) in the 30-item Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ) that will be used to test the primary study hypothesis that patients with milder OSA (RDI 5-30) on active treatment will demonstrate greater mean change for the Total score from baseline to 8 weeks treatment. The FOSQ is designed to assess the impact of excessive sleepiness on functional status. The instrument has established content validity, test-retest reliability (r= 0.91), and internal consistency (alpha = 0.96). The scale ranges from 5 - 20 with normal functional status being a value greater than 17.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in the Score From Baseline to 8 Weeks Treatment Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ Time Frame: Measured at Baseline and Week 8 of treatment in ITT sample ]
    Change in the score from baseline to 8 weeks treatment, controlling for baseline in the self-rated 8 item measure of daytime sleepiness with a range from 0 - 24. Lower values indicting less daytime sleepiness

  • Change in Mean Arterial Daytime Pressure at Baseline and Week 8 Treatment [ Time Frame: Measured at Baseline and Week 8 treatment in the ITT sample ]
    Change in mean arterial pressure (MAP) value from baseline to 8 weeks treatment, controlling for baseline, measured by 48 hours ambulatory blood pressure device - Space Laboratories

  • Change in the Score From Baseline to 8 Weeks Treatment Measured by the Profile of Mood States [ Time Frame: Measured at Baseline and Week 8 treatment in the ITT sample ]
    Change in the score from baseline to 8 weeks treatment, controlling for baseline, in the POMS is a reliable and valid measure of mood states that consists of 65 adjectives on which subjects' rate themselves as they feel "today" using a five-point scale. There are six mood or affective states on this test derived through factor analysis: Tension-Anxiety (score range 0-36), Depression-Dejection (score range 0 - 60), Anger-Hostility (score range 0-48), Vigor-Activity (score range 0-32), Fatigue-Inertia (score range 0-28), and Confusion-Bewilderment (score range 0-28). There is also a summary Total Mood Disturbance (TMD) score that gives a Total estimate of affective state score range 0-200). Higher scores indicate greater disability.

  • Change in the Number of Lapses From Baseline to 8 Weeks Treatment on the Psychomotor Vigilance Task (PVT) - Total Lapses in 20 Minute Test [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks of treatment in the ITT sample ]
    Change in the score from baseline to 8 weeks treatment, controlling for baseline, in the PVT is an objective assessment of sleepiness and measures decrements in neurobehavioral performance due to sleepiness, i.e., ability to sustain attention and respond in a timely manner to salient signals.(7) The PVT yields five highly informative metrics on the capacity for sustained attention and vigilance performance: frequency of lapses, duration of lapse domain, optimum response time, vigilance decrement function, false response frequency. We applied this conceptually valid, relatively short duration, reliable task with known psychometric properties and minimal practice/learning curves to document attentional lapses (response times > 500 msec) in performance.

  • Change in the Score From Baseline to 8 Weeks Treatment on the SF36 - Physical [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 of treatment in ITT sample. ]
    Change in the score from baseline to 8 weeks treatment, controlling for baseline, in the SF-36 is a 36-item questionnaire that assesses eight health concepts: physical functioning, bodily pain, role limitations due to physical problems, role limitations due to personal or emotional problems, emotional well-being, social functioning, energy/fatigue, and general health perceptions. Higher scores indicate greater disability with a range of scores from 0-100.

  • Change in the Score From Baseline to 8 Weeks Treatment SF-36 Mental Component [ Time Frame: Baseline and after 8 weeks of treatment in ITT sample ]
    Change in the score from baseline to 8 weeks treatment, controlling for baseline, in the SF-36 is a 36-item questionnaire that assesses eight health concepts: physical functioning, bodily pain, role limitations due to physical problems, role limitations due to personal or emotional problems, emotional well-being, social functioning, energy/fatigue, and general health perceptions. Higher scores indicate greater disability with a range of scores from 0-100.


Enrollment: 281
Study Start Date: September 2003
Study Completion Date: November 2008
Primary Completion Date: August 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Active Treatment
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Treatment
Device: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Treatment
CPAP device used at night
Other Name: Positive Airway Pressure
Placebo Comparator: Sham/Placebo Treatment
Ineffective sham continuous positive airway pressure device with leak in interface to <1.0 cm H2O and resistance in motor to simulate normal operating noise and no compensation for leak.
Device: Sham CPAP device - CPAP device with pressure delivered <1 cm H20
Sham CPAP device used at night

Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

OSA is characterized as mild, moderate, or severe, according to the number of respiratory disturbances per hour of sleep (RDI), as defined by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. CPAP is the primary treatment for sleep apnea. The column of pressure delivered to the upper airway by this device immediately eliminates the respiratory disturbances when it is applied. There is evidence from randomized controlled studies that CPAP also improves functional status, and the key manifestation of OSA, including excessive daytime sleepiness, in individuals with severe OSI (i.e., RDI greater than 30). However, there has been limited research exploring improvement in functional status in individuals with less severe OSA (i.e., those with mild OSA and RDI of 5-15 or moderate OSA and RDI of 16-30). The large placebo effect that has been reported in controlled studies of OSA-associated functional outcomes mandates the need for a placebo in studies evaluating the true impact of this treatment. Results from the three randomized controlled studies in milder OSA that have examined this issue have been equivocal, principally because of serious methodological limitations. It remains unclear whether CPAP treatment improves daily functioning in those with milder OSA (RDI 5-30). This is a critical issue as this level of disease severity represents the largest segment of OSA and comprises 15% of the U.S. population.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

Using Granger's model of functional assessment, this study will examine whether functional status improves in participants with milder OSA following CPAP treatment. The study will employ a randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel study design, and will use a sham CPAP device as the placebo in participants with significant daytime sleepiness. The study will test the hypothesis that the change in functional status (measured by the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire) after 8 weeks of treatment will be greater for participants treated with active CPAP compared to the placebo. Secondary aims of the study include examining whether CPAP also improves daytime sleepiness, and determining whether CPAP can reduce nocturnal blood pressure to lower the risk for stroke and hypertension linked to OSA.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Newly diagnosed with OSA on overnight polysomnogram (PSG) with RDI between 5 and 30
  • Score of greater than 11 on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) on two administrations of the instrument (performed at prescreening and screening), each completed on a different day to avoid sporadic values and confirm the presence of excessive daytime sleepiness
  • Stable medical history and no change in medications, including hypertension medications, in the 3 months prior to study entry
  • Stable psychiatric history and no change in psychotropic medications in the 3 months prior to study entry
  • Has access to a telephone

Exclusion Criteria

  • Diagnosis of another sleep disorder in addition to OSA based on PSG, e.g., periodic limb movement disorder (greater than 10 limb movements per hour of sleep with arousal); central sleep apnea (greater than 5 or more central apneas); insomnia; sleep hypoventilation syndrome; or narcolepsy
  • Previous treatment for sleep apnea with nasal CPAP, oral appliance, home oxygen therapy, uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, tracheotomy, or other surgery for OSA
  • Oxygen or bi-level CPAP required for treatment of OSA
  • Unable to return for study instructions or follow-up testing
  • Medically unstable condition (e.g., heart attack, congestive heart failure, Cheyne-Stokes breathing, unstable angina, uncontrolled thyroid disease, unstable diabetes, depression or psychosis, ventricular arrhythmias, cirrhosis, or recently diagnosed cancer) in the 3 months prior to study entry
  • Regular use (greater than 3 times per week) of sedative, hypnotic, or alerting medications (such as Modafinil) in the 3 months prior to study entry
  • Chronic nasal congestion that would prevent the use of a nasal mask, in the 3 months prior to study entry
  • History of automobile accidents due to excessive daytime sleepiness
  • Employed in transportation-related safety sensitive occupation such as an airline pilot, truck driver, or train engineer
  • Night shift worker regularly experiencing jet lag, or a history of irregular work schedules in the 6 months prior to study entry
  • Regular use of alcohol as determined by answering yes to one or more of the questions on the CAGE questionnaire (i.e., alcohol dependent)
  • Recent or recurring history of substance abuse leading to tolerance or dependence
  • Pregnant; women must either be postmenopausal or confirmed not pregnant by a urine pregnancy test
  • Unable to perform study tests, e.g., inability to communicate verbally; inability to write and read in English; less than a 5th grade reading level (evaluated using Flesch-Kincaid assessment); visual impairment; hearing impairment; cognitive impairment (e.g., previous head injury); or upper extremity motor deficit (e.g., previous stroke or spinal cord injury)
  • Residing with an individual who is currently using CPAP treatment
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00089752

Locations
United States, Colorado
National Jewish Medical and Research Center (NJC)
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80206
United States, Georgia
Emory University School of Medicine (EMO)
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30329
United States, New York
North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System (LIJ)
Long Island City, New York, United States, 11040
New York University Medical School
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Canada, Ontario
University of Western Ontario (UWO)
London, Ontario, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Respironics Sleep and Respiratory Foundation
Cephalon
Investigators
Study Chair: Terri Weaver University of Pennsylvania
  More Information

Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00089752     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 163
R01HL076101 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: August 12, 2004
Results First Received: September 18, 2009
Last Updated: June 26, 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Petition of Principal Investigator with document outlining purpose of secondary analysis and use of the data, which is then reviewed with co-investigators for overall approval.

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Apnea
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Signs and Symptoms
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Dyssomnias
Sleep Wake Disorders
Nervous System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 19, 2017