Erlotinib and Green Tea Extract (Polyphenon® E) in Preventing Cancer Recurrence in Former Smokers Who Have Undergone Surgery for Bladder Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00088946
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 5, 2004
Last Update Posted : October 30, 2015
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth. Green tea extract (Polyphenon® E) contains certain ingredients that may slow the growth of tumor cells and prevent the recurrence of cancer. Giving erlotinib or green tea extract after surgery may kill any remaining tumor cells and may prevent the recurrence of bladder cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying how well giving erlotinib together with green tea extract works in preventing cancer recurrence in former smokers who have undergone surgery for bladder cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bladder Cancer Dietary Supplement: Polyphenon E Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride Other: Erlotinib placebo Other: Polyphenon E Phase 2

Detailed Description:



  • Compare the effects of erlotinib vs green tea extract (Polyphenon® E) vs placebo on the 2-year recurrence rate in former smokers with resected superficial transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder.
  • Develop an effective chemopreventative strategy (as an adjunct to standard care) for the medical management of superficial bladder cancer in these patients.


  • Determine the toxic effects associated with these drugs in these patients.
  • Determine a safe and effective chemopreventative dose of erlotinib in these patients.
  • Correlate the modulation of 1 or more biomarkers with bladder cancer recurrence and/or progression in patients treated with these drugs.
  • Determine the risk of clinical bladder cancer progression in patients treated with these drugs.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease stage (Ta vs T1 vs carcinoma in situ) and participating center. Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral erlotinib and oral green tea extract (Polyphenon® E) placebo once daily.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oral green tea extract (Polyphenon® E) and oral erlotinib placebo once daily.
  • Arm III: Patients receive oral erlotinib placebo and oral green tea extract placebo once daily.

In all arms, treatment continues for 12 months in the absence of disease recurrence or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 330 patients (110 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 17 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Parallel, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Phase II Adjuvant Studies of Erlotinib and Polyphenon E to Prevent the Recurrence and Progression of Tobacco-Related, Superficial Bladder Cancer
Study Start Date : May 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2006

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1
Polyphenon E plus erlotinib placebo daily for 12 months.
Dietary Supplement: Polyphenon E
4-200mg capsules PO daily for 12 months
Other Name: green tea extract
Other: Erlotinib placebo
identical to Erlotinib in look and appearance of dosing.
Experimental: Arm 2
Erlotinib and Polyphenon E placebo daily for 12 months.
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
100 mg PO daily for 12 months
Other Name: Tarceva
Other: Polyphenon E
identical to Polyphenon E in look and appearance of dosing.
Placebo Comparator: Arm 3
Erlotinib placebo and Polyphenon E placebo daily for 12 months.
Other: Erlotinib placebo
identical to Erlotinib in look and appearance of dosing.
Other: Polyphenon E
identical to Polyphenon E in look and appearance of dosing.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate the effects of a daily oral dose of polyphenon E, erlotinib, or placebo on subjects who are former smokers with a history of superficial bladder cancer on the bladder cancer recurrence rate at two years of any stage or grade of bladder cancer. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To address the unmet need in medical management of superficial bladder cancer as an adjunct to standard of care. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  2. Assess toxicities associated with daily oral dosing of polyphenon E or erlotinib in subjects at risk for bladder tumor recurrence and to define a safe and effective prevention dose of erlotinib. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  3. Correlate the modulation of one or more biomarkers with recurrence of bladder cancer confirming the value as a surrogate endpoint biomarker for bladder cancer recurrence and/or progression. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  4. To assess the risk of clinical bladder cancer progression in patients treated with polyphenon E, erlotinib or placebo. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must be former smokers and have ceased smoking at study entry.
  • Participants with any previous history of prior cancer diagnosis of Grade 1, 2, or 3, Ta or T1 papillary TCC, or CIS TCC, histologically confirmed, with a newly diagnosed or recurrent tumor within 6 months of accrual who are rendered disease free by standard of care. Patients with Grade 1 papillary tumors must meet at least one of the following additional criteria:

    1. multiple, synchronous tumors (>2)
    2. a single tumor greater than 1 cm in size
  • At study entry, patients must have no evidence of disease
  • Participants may have been previously treated with intravesical therapy.
  • Age>18 years
  • Transurethral resection of bladder tumor within 6 months prior to entry on to study
  • Participants must have a signed written informed consent
  • Agreement with complete abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or with the use of contraception during the treatment phase in women of childbearing potential
  • Negative pregnancy test in women of childbearing potential
  • Patients must have adequate bone marrow function at study entry (WBC>3000, platelets>100000/mm3, and hemoglobin>10g/dl)
  • Patients must have satisfactory renal and hepatic function, defined as plasma creatinine of < 1.5mg/dl, total bilirubin < 1.5, and AST/ALT < 1.5 x the upper limit of normal
  • Patients with evidence of obstructive lung disease as the etiology of a low diffusing capacity will still be eligible as long as the chest radiograph does not demonstrate interstitial changes

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy
  • Prior (within 2 years) or concurrent malignancies, except non-melanomatous skin tumors or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Significant medical or psychiatric condition that would make the participant a poor protocol candidate
  • TCC greater than or equal to T2 at most recent diagnosis
  • Involvement of the upper urinary tract prior to or at the time of initial tumor resection
  • Prior treatment with experimental drugs, high dose steroids, or with any other cancer treatment within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug and for the duration of the study
  • Positive pregnancy test at any time throughout the course of the study
  • Normal consumption of greater than 5 cups of green tea daily
  • Participants taking a known CYP 3A4 inducer or food products and medications known to be inhibitors or metabolized by CYP3A4/5 such as erythromycin, ketoconazole, etc. will be excluded since these drugs may be expected to result in altered exposure of Erlotinib
  • ECOG performance status > 1
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis or other interstitial lung disease
  • Use of tricyclic antidepressants, including imipramine, dothiepin, and mianserin
  • Use within the last 12 months of amiodarone, methotrexate, isoniazid, minocycline, or nitrofurantoin
  • History of environmental or occupational metal dust or wood dust exposure
  • History of connective tissue disease, including scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's Syndrome, or sarcoid
  • Significant ophthalmologic abnormalities or patients using contact lenses
  • Evidence of interstitial lung disease on chest radiograph
  • Patients without obvious interstitial lung disease on chest radiograph will be excluded if they have evidence of parenchymal restrictive lung disease on pulmonary function testing as identified by the following criteria:

    1. Both vital capacity and total lung capacity <80% of predicted value
    2. A diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide, corrected for hemoglobin, < 75% of predicted value

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00088946

United States, Arizona
Bladder Cancer Genitourinary Oncology, PC
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85032
United States, California
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - West Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90073
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-1781
Santa Monica UCLA Medical Center
Santa Monica, California, United States, 90404
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Arie Belldegrun, MD, FACS Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Responsible Party: Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00088946     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000377681
P30CA016042 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 5, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 30, 2015
Last Verified: August 2012

Keywords provided by Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center:
transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder
stage 0 bladder cancer
stage I bladder cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action