Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

XERECEPT® (hCRF) for Patients Requiring Dexamethasone to Treat Edema Associated With Brain Tumors

This study has been completed.
Neurobiological Technologies
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Celtic Pharma Development Services Identifier:
First received: July 20, 2004
Last updated: July 22, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and efficacy of XERECEPT® to dexamethasone (Decadron) a common treatment for symptoms of brain swelling (edema). This study is specifically aimed at patients who require chronic high doses of dexamethasone to manage symptoms.

Condition Intervention Phase
Brain Edema
Brain Tumor
Drug: hCRF
Drug: placebo hCRF
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized, Double-Blind, Dexamethasone-Sparing Study Comparing Human Corticotropin-Releasing Factor (hCRF) to Placebo for Control of Symptoms Associated With Peritumoral Brain Edema in Patients With Malignant Brain Tumor Who Require Chronic Administration of High-Dose Dexamethasone

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Celtic Pharma Development Services:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Proportion of Patients in Each Treatment Group Who Are Responders at Week 2 and Continue to be Responders at Week 5 [ Time Frame: Prospective ]

    The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of patients in each treatment group who were Responders at Week 2 and who continued to be Responders at Week 5. Responders were defined as study patients who demonstrated the following:

    • 50% or greater reduction in dexamethasone dose relative to Baseline
    • Overall 10-Item Neurological Examination Score unchanged or lower compared to Baseline
    • Karnofsky Score unchanged or increased relative to Baseline

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent of Patients in Each Treatment Group Achieving 50% Reduction in Dexamethasone Usage Relative to Baseline by Week 2 Without Deterioration in Neurological Function as Measured by the 10-Item Neurological Exam and the KPS [ Time Frame: Prospective ]
  • The Proportion of Patients in Each Treatment Group Who Are Responders at Week 2 and Who Continue to be Responders at Weeks 5 and 8 [ Time Frame: Prospective ]
    • The proportion of patients in each treatment group who were Responders at Week 2 and who continued to be Responders at Weeks 5 and 8.

  • Change From Baseline in the 10-Item Neurological Examination Score at Weeks 2, 5, 8 12 and 16 (or Early Discontinuation) [ Time Frame: Prospective ]
    Change from Baseline in the 10-Item Neurological Examination Score at Weeks 2, 5, 8, 12 (or Early Study Drug Discontinuation), and 16 (or 4-week follow-up visit). Each item is scored from 0 (normal) to 4 (severely abnormal) except for speech (0-3) for a total range of 0-39. Total score for each patient was the sum of each item score. Change is calculated as the follow-up score minus the baseline score; a negative value indicates improvement.

  • Change From Baseline in the Karnofsky Performance Score [ Time Frame: Prospective ]

    Change from Baseline in the Karnofsky Performance Score at Weeks 2, 5, 8, 12 and 16.The Karnofsky score runs from 100 to 0, where 100 is "perfect" health and 0 is death. Although practitioners occasionally assign performance scores in between standard intervals of 10 as follows:

    100 - Normal; no complaints; no evidence of disease. 90 - Able to carry on normal activity; minor signs or symptoms of disease. 80 - Normal activity with effort; some signs or symptoms of disease. 70 - Cares for self; unable to carry on normal activity or to do active work. 60 - Requires occasional assistance, but is able to care for most of his personal needs.

    50 - Requires considerable assistance and frequent medical care. 40 - Disabled; requires special care and assistance. 30 - Severely disabled; hospital admission is indicated although death not imminent.

    20 - Very sick; hospital admission necessary; active supportive treatment nec

  • Change From Baseline in the FACT-Br Quality of Life Results [ Time Frame: Prospective ]
    The FACT-Br Quality of Life Questionnaire was self-administered at Baseline, Weeks 5 and 12 (or upon Early SDD), and at the post-treatment 4-week follow-up visit (Week 16 and/or any unscheduled 4-week Follow-up).FACT-Br is a reliable and valid 50-item measure that includes FACT-G (27 items) and a brain subscale (23 items) to assess health-related quality of life in brain tumor patients. Each inventory question is scored from 0 (worst possible QOL) to 4 (best possible QOL)

  • Change From Baseline in Myopathy Assessment Results at Week 12 (or Early Study Drug Discontinuation) and Week 16 (or 4-week Follow-up Visit) [ Time Frame: Prospective ]
    Myopathy, using Kendall Myopathy Scale, was assessed at Baseline, Week 12 (or upon Early SDD), and at the post-treatment 4-week follow-up visit (Week 16 and/or any unscheduled 4-week Follow-up). The Kendall Myopathy Scale is a 10 point scale where 10 represents holding test position against strong pressure (best) and 0 represents no contraction palpable (worst).

  • Maximum Percent Reduction in Dexamethasone Usage Relative to Baseline Achieved During the Study [ Time Frame: Prospective ]
    The maximum reduction in dexamethasone usage at any time during the study. Dexamethasone dosage was assessed at Weeks 0, 2, 5, 8, 12 and 16.

  • Number of Patients Who Discontinued Study Drug Prior to the End of Week 5 [ Time Frame: Prospective ]
    Numbers of patients who discontinued prior to the Week 5 assessment

Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: May 2004
Study Completion Date: March 2008
Primary Completion Date: March 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: I
Patients will take hCRF (XERECEPT) 2mg/day and open label-dexamethasone they are currently taking.
Drug: hCRF
hCRF ; open-label dexamethasone that the patient is currently taking
Other Name: XERECEPT (corticorelin acetate injection); hCRF
Placebo Comparator: II
Patient will receive placebo hCRF and any open-label dexamethasone that they are currently taking
Drug: placebo hCRF
placebo hCRF 2mg/day and open-label dexamethasone that they are taking
Other Name: XERECEPT (corticorelin acetate injection)

Detailed Description:
XERECEPT® is not a potential treatment for cancer, but may reduce the edema associated with tumors and as a result, decrease neurological symptoms.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of a primary malignant brain tumor or, if metastatic, documentation and histology (if available) of primary source of cancer.
  • Patient must have 1 or more qualifying steroid-associated side effect(s) at Baseline.
  • Patient has required administration of dexamethasone to control symptoms of peritumoral edema for at least 30 days.
  • Stable dexamethasone dose of 4-24 mg/day for at least 14 days prior to Baseline.
  • Need for administration of dexamethasone to treat peritumoral brain edema (referenced above) has been documented by MRI or comparable diagnostic technology within 21 days of Baseline.
  • Karnofsky score of > 50 at Screening and Baseline.
  • Capable of self-administration of subcutaneous injections twice daily for 12 weeks, or availability of assistance from caregiver.
  • Ability to provide written informed consent or, if unable to provide, have a legal guardian or representative provide written informed consent.
  • For women of childbearing potential: a negative serum pregnancy test at Screening.
  • Must be 18 years of age or older

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Ongoing or anticipated need for surgery, radiosurgery or radiation therapy or the introduction of new chemotherapeutic regime within the first 5 weeks of study enrollment. Treatment with pre-study chemotherapy may continue.
  • Concurrent enrollment in any other investigational drug or device study, or plan to enroll in such a study during the first 5 weeks of treatment.
  • Systemic steroid use for any indication other than peritumoral brain edema.
  • Use or intended use of dexamethasone as an anti-emetic during Screening or Study
  • Non-compliance with dexamethasone or anticonvulsant therapy.
  • Clinical signs and symptoms of cerebral herniation.
  • Serious concomitant cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, gastrointestinal or endocrine metabolic disease which could put the patient at unusual risk for study participation.
  • Confounding previous or concurrent neurological disorders that would interfere with adequate clinical evaluation.
  • Clinically significant head injury or chronic seizure disorder, if the condition results in functional impairment or is likely to interfere with evaluations. (Maintenance anticonvulsant therapy is allowed.)
  • Central nervous system infection.
  • Pregnancy, breastfeeding and/or refusal to practice birth control while in study, for women of childbearing potential.
  • Any conditions that are considered contraindications for patients to receive niacin, e.g. liver disease (with LFTs > 3 times the upper limit of the norm),active peptic ulcer, arterial hemorrhage, asthma and known hypersensitivity to niacin.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00088166

  Show 34 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Celtic Pharma Development Services
Neurobiological Technologies
Principal Investigator: William Shapiro, MD Barrow Neurological Institute
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Celtic Pharma Development Services Identifier: NCT00088166     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00091013
Other Study ID Numbers: NTI 0303
Study First Received: July 20, 2004
Results First Received: October 13, 2011
Last Updated: July 22, 2014

Keywords provided by Celtic Pharma Development Services:
peritumoral brain edema
malignant brain tumor
brain tumor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Neoplasms
Brain Edema
Signs and Symptoms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone 21-phosphate
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on May 25, 2017