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A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Rituximab in Adults With Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis (OLYMPUS)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Genentech, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00087529
First received: July 9, 2004
Last updated: August 10, 2015
Last verified: August 2015
  Purpose
This is a Phase II/III, randomized, double-blind, parallel group, placebo controlled, multicenter study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of rituximab in adults with PPMS. The study will enroll approximately 435 subjects at up to 60 sites in the United States and Canada.

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Sclerosis
Drug: placebo
Drug: rituximab
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II/III, Randomized, Double-Blind, Parallel-Group, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Rituximab in Adults With Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Genentech, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to Confirmed Disease Progression (CDP) [ Time Frame: 96 weeks (from Screening to Week 96, and at least 12 weeks after initial progression) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Disease progression was assessed using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), a disability scale that ranges from 0 to 10, where higher scores represent increased disability. Progression was defined as either an increase of greater than or equal to (≥) 1 point from a Baseline EDSS score within 2.0 to 5.5 points, or an increase of ≥0.5 points from a Baseline EDSS score greater than (>) 5.5 points, for which the change was not attributable to another etiology. Repeat assessment to determine CDP must have occurred at a regularly scheduled visit at least 12 weeks after initial progression; those who discontinued treatment early without confirmatory EDSS assessment were considered as having CDP. Those who did not meet criteria for CDP, completed treatment with only initial progression, or received an exclusionary therapy were censored at last EDSS assessment. Time to CDP was the time from randomization to initial disease progression, estimated using Kaplan-Meier (KM) analysis.

  • Percentage of Participants With CDP [ Time Frame: 96 weeks (from Screening to Week 96, and at least 12 weeks after initial progression) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Disease progression was assessed using the EDSS, a disability scale that ranges from 0 to 10, where higher scores represent increased disability. Progression was defined as either an increase of ≥1 point from a Baseline EDSS score within 2.0 to 5.5 points, or an increase of ≥0.5 points from a Baseline EDSS score >5.5 points, for which the change was not attributable to another etiology. Repeat assessment to determine CDP must have occurred at a regularly scheduled visit at least 12 weeks after initial progression; those who discontinued treatment early without confirmatory EDSS assessment were considered as having CDP. The percentage of participants with CDP was calculated as [number of participants meeting the above criteria divided by the number analyzed] multiplied by 100.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline to Week 96 in Total Volume of Transverse Relaxation Time (T2) Brain Lesions on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Scan [ Time Frame: At Baseline and Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Scheduled T2-weighted MRI scans of the brain and cervical spinal cord were performed with and without gadolinium contrast at Screening and Week 6, and without gadolinium at Weeks 48, 96, and 122 and/or upon early termination. The total volume of T2 (ie, hyperintense) brain lesions at each visit was documented. Missing Week 96 values were imputed using a last observation carried forward (LOCF) approach, while participants with missing Baseline values were excluded. The change in T2 lesion volume was calculated as [volume at Week 96 minus volume at Baseline] and expressed in cubic millimeters (mm^3).

  • Change From Baseline to Week 96 in Brain Volume on MRI Scan [ Time Frame: At Baseline and Week 96 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Scheduled MRI scans of the brain and cervical spinal cord were performed with and without gadolinium contrast at Screening and Week 6, and without gadolinium at Weeks 48, 96, and 122 and/or upon early termination. The total brain volume was documented at Baseline and at visits occurring during Weeks 48 and 96. Missing Week 96 values were imputed using a LOCF approach, while participants with missing Baseline values were excluded. The change in brain volume was calculated as [volume at Week 96 minus volume at Baseline] and expressed in cubic centimeters (cm^3).


Enrollment: 439
Study Start Date: June 2004
Primary Completion Date: October 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1 Drug: rituximab
Intravenous repeating dose
Placebo Comparator: 2 Drug: placebo
Intravenous repeating dose

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Definitive diagnosis of PPMS
  • Disease duration of ≥ 1 year
  • EDSS at baseline between 2.0 and 6.5 points, inclusive
  • Score of ≥ 2.0 on the Functional Systems (FS) scale for the pyramidal system or gait that is due to lower extremity findings
  • Presence of at least one of the following in a CSF specimen obtained during the screening period and analyzed by the central laboratory or results from a CSF sample obtained during the previous 24 months:
  • For subjects of reproductive potential (males and females), use of a reliable means of contraception (e.g., hormonal contraceptive, patch, vaginal ring, intrauterine device, physical barrier) during study treatment and for 1 year following the last dose of study drug

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy or lactation
  • Incompatibility with MRI
  • Lack of peripheral venous access
  • History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions to humanized or murine monoclonal antibodies
  • Known active bacterial, viral, fungal, mycobacterial, or other infection (including atypical mycobacterial disease, but excluding fungal infections of nail beds or recurrent herpes zoster or simplex infections) or any major episode of infection requiring hospitalization or treatment with IV antibiotics within 30 days prior to screening or oral antibiotics within 14 days prior to screening
  • History or presence of recurrent or chronic infection (e.g., hepatitis B or C, HIV, syphilis)
  • History of cancer, including solid tumors and hematologic malignancies (except resected and fully resolved cutaneous basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas)
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse within 6 months prior to screening
  • History of or currently active primary or secondary immunodeficiency
  • Significant cardiac or pulmonary disease (including obstructive pulmonary disease)
  • Presence of other significant, uncontrolled cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, endocrine, or gastrointestinal disease that might interfere with a subject's ability to participate and to complete approximately 2.5 years of study participation
  • History or presence of MS relapse or exacerbation
  • History or presence of vascular disease potentially affecting the brain or spinal cord (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack, carotid stenosis, aortic aneurysm, intracranial aneurysm, hemorrhage, arteriovenous malformation)
  • History or presence of myelopathy due to spinal cord compression by disk or vertebral disease
  • History of severe, clinically significant central nervous system trauma (e.g., cerebral contusion, spinal cord compression)
  • History of intracranial or intraspinal tumor (e.g., meningioma, glioma)
  • History or presence of potential metabolic cause of myelopathy or encephalopathy (e.g., vitamin B12 deficiency, thyroid abnormalities)
  • History or presence of infectious causes of myelopathy (e.g., syphilis, Lyme disease, human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 [HTLV-1], or herpes zoster myelopathy)
  • History of genetically inherited progressive CNS degenerative disorder (e.g., X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy, hereditary spastic paraparesis)
  • Neuromyelitis optica
  • History or presence of systemic autoimmune disorders potentially causing progressive neurologic disease (e.g., lupus, anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome, Sj�gren syndrome, Beh�et disease)
  • History or presence of sarcoidosis
  • Previous treatment with rituximab (MabThera(R)/Rituxan(R))
  • Previous treatment with lymphocyte-depleting therapies (e.g., cyclophosphamide, Campath(R), anti-CD4, cladribine, total body irradiation, bone marrow transplantation), except mitoxantrone, which should not be used 12 months prior to randomization
  • Treatment with an investigational agent within 90 days or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug (whichever is longer) prior to randomization
  • Receipt of a live vaccine within 30 days prior to randomization
  • Systemic corticosteroid therapy within 30 days prior to randomization
  • Treatment with IFN-β, glatiramer acetate, IVIg, or plasmapheresis within 60 days prior to randomization
  • Treatment with non-lymphocyte-depleting immunosuppressive therapies (e.g., azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil [MMF], cyclosporine) within 90 days prior to randomization
  • Statins or hormone replacement therapy started within 30 days prior to randomization
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00087529

Sponsors and Collaborators
Genentech, Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Craig Smith, M.D. Genentech, Inc.
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Clinical Trials Posting Group, Genentech, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00087529     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: U2786g 
Study First Received: July 9, 2004
Results First Received: August 10, 2015
Last Updated: August 10, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Genentech, Inc.:
PPMS
Primary progressive MS
Primary progressive multiple sclerosis
Rituxan
MS

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive
Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Rituximab
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on December 02, 2016