Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Inoperable Stage I or Stage II Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00087438
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 12, 2004
Results First Posted : April 7, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2017
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Stereotactic body radiation therapy may be able to deliver x-rays directly to the tumor and cause less damage to normal tissue.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well stereotactic body radiation therapy works in treating patients with inoperable stage I or stage II non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Radiation: stereotactic body radiation therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:



  • Determine whether treatment with stereotactic body radiotherapy results in acceptable local control (i.e., ≥ 80%) in patients with medically inoperable stage I or II non-small cell lung cancer.


  • Determine treatment-related toxicity in patients treated with this therapy.
  • Determine disease-free survival, overall survival, and patterns of failure in patients treated with this therapy.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive 3 fractions of stereotactic body radiotherapy over 8-14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed up at 6 and 12 weeks, every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 52 patients will be accrued for this study within 26 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 59 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) in the Treatment of Patients With Medically Inoperable Stage I/II Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Study Start Date : May 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT)
20 Gy per fraction for 3 fractions over 1.5-2 weeks, for a total of 60 Gy
Radiation: stereotactic body radiation therapy

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Local Control at 2 Years [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment to 2 years ]
    Local control is defined as absence of local failure. (Detailed criteria for local failure is too long to include here.)

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Treatment-related Grade 3 or 4 Toxicity [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment to end of follow-up ]
  2. Rates of Local Recurrence, Regional Recurrence, Disseminated Recurrence, Disease-free and Overall Survival at 2 Years [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment to 2 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)

    • The following primary cancer subtypes are eligible:

      • Squamous cell carcinoma
      • Adenocarcinoma
      • Large cell carcinoma
      • Bronchoalveolar cell carcinoma
      • Non-small cell carcinoma not otherwise specified
  • Stage I or II disease based on 1 of the following tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage criteria:

    • T1, N0, M0
    • T2 (≤ 5 cm), N0, M0
    • T3 (≤ 5 cm), N0, M0 (chest wall primary tumors only)
  • No primary tumor of any T-stage within or touching the zone of the proximal bronchial tree* NOTE: *Defined as a volume 2 cm in all directions around the proximal bronchial tree (carina, right and left main bronchi, right and left upper lobe bronchi, intermedius bronchus, right middle lobe bronchus, lingular bronchus, and right and left lower lobe bronchi)
  • No primary T3 tumors involving the central chest (≤ 2 cm toward carina invasion) or structures of the mediastinum
  • Any hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes > 1 cm on CT scan OR demonstrating suspicious uptake on positron-emission tomography scan must be biopsied and confirmed negative for NSCLC
  • The primary tumor must be deemed technically resectable with a reasonable possibility of obtaining a gross total resection with negative margins (defined as a potentially curative resection (PCR))
  • Deemed medically inoperable based on pulmonary function for surgical resection of NSCLC secondary to an underlying physiological problem, including any of the following medical conditions*:

    • Baseline forced expiratory volume (FEV)_1< 40% of predicted
    • Postoperative predicted FEV_1 < 30% of predicted
    • Severely reduced diffusion capacity
    • Baseline hypoxemia and/or hypercapnia
    • Exercise oxygen consumption < 50% of predicted
    • Severe pulmonary hypertension
    • Diabetes mellitus with severe end organ damage
    • Severe cerebral, cardiac, or peripheral vascular disease
    • Severe chronic heart disease NOTE: *Patients who refuse a PCR due to preference, ideology, emotional or psychological issues, mental illness, or inability to give informed consent are not eligible
  • No evidence of regional or distant metastases



  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • Zubrod 0-2

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No active pericardial infection


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No active pulmonary infection


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No active systemic infection
  • No other concurrent illness that would preclude study participation


Biologic therapy

  • No concurrent biologic therapy
  • No concurrent vaccine therapy


  • No concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • No prior lung or mediastinal radiotherapy
  • No concurrent standard fractionated radiotherapy
  • No concurrent intensity modulated radiotherapy
  • No concurrent cobalt-60 or charged particle beams (including electrons, protons, or heavier ions)


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No concurrent surgery


  • No other concurrent antineoplastic therapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00087438

United States, New York
James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, Texas
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center at University of Texas
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-4009
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Robert D. Timmerman, MD Simmons Cancer Center

Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Responsible Party: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00087438     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RTOG-0236
First Posted: July 12, 2004    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 7, 2014
Last Update Posted: February 17, 2017
Last Verified: December 2016

Keywords provided by Radiation Therapy Oncology Group:
stage I non-small cell lung cancer
stage II non-small cell lung cancer
squamous cell lung cancer
large cell lung cancer
adenocarcinoma of the lung
bronchoalveolar cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms