Beta-Glucan and Rituximab in Treating Young Patients With Relapsed or Progressive Lymphoma or Leukemia, or Lymphoproliferative Disorder Related to Donor Stem Cell Transplantation
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00087009|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Lack of Accrual)
First Posted : July 12, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 19, 2013
RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies such as rituximab can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Beta-glucan may increase the effectiveness of rituximab by making cancer cells more sensitive to the monoclonal antibody.
PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of beta-glucan when given together with rituximab in treating young patients with relapsed or progressive lymphoma or leukemia or with lymphoproliferative disorder related to donor stem cell transplantation.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Leukemia Lymphoma Lymphoproliferative Disorder||Biological: beta-glucan Biological: rituximab||Phase 1|
- Determine the maximum tolerated dose of beta-glucan when given in combination with rituximab in pediatric patients with relapsed or progressive CD20-positive lymphoma or leukemia or post-allogeneic stem cell transplant-related lymphoproliferative disorder.
- Determine the toxicity of this regimen, with special emphasis on the degree of B-cell depletion and immune suppression, in these patients.
- Determine the effects of beta-glucan on leukocyte-mediated cytotoxic effects in patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine the antitumor effect of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of beta-glucan. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups according to diagnosis.
- Group I (lymphoma or leukemia): Patients receive rituximab IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 and oral beta-glucan once daily on days 1-28 (days 8-28 of course 1). Treatment repeats every 42 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- Group II (post-allogeneic stem cell transplant-related lymphoproliferative disorder): Patients receive rituximab IV on days 1, 4, 8, 15, and 22 and oral beta-glucan once daily on days 8-28. Beginning on day 42, patients with responding disease may receive monthly rituximab prophylaxis until their CD4 cell count is > 200/mm^3.
Cohorts of 6 patients receive escalating doses of beta-glucan until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.
Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 6-24 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||3 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase I Study of Oral ß-Glucan and Intravenous Rituximab Among Children and Adolescents With Relapsed CD20-Positive Lymphoma or Leukemia, or Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disease|
|Study Start Date :||May 2004|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||August 2008|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||August 2008|
Experimental: Group I
Patients receive rituximab IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 and oral beta-glucan once daily on days 1-28 (days 8-28 of course 1). Treatment repeats every 42 days for 4 courses.
Given orallyBiological: rituximab
Experimental: Group II
Patients receive rituximab IV on days 1, 4, 8, 15, and 22 and oral beta-glucan once daily on days 8-28. Beginning on day 42, patients with responding disease may receive monthly rituximab prophylaxis.
Given orallyBiological: rituximab
- maximum tolerated dose [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
- safety [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00087009
|United States, New York|
|Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10021|
|Principal Investigator:||Shakeel Modak, MD||Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|
|Principal Investigator:||Nai-Kong V. Cheung, MD, PhD||Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|
|Principal Investigator:||Trudy N. Small, MD||Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|
|Principal Investigator:||Tanya Trippett, MD||Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|