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Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Melanoma That Cannot Be Removed With Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00086866
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified February 2015 by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 12, 2004
Last Update Posted : February 10, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying two different regimens of vaccine therapy and comparing them to see how well they work in treating patients with stage III or stage IV melanoma that cannot be removed with surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma (Skin) Biological: D1/3-MAGE-3-His fusion protein Biological: SB-AS02B adjuvant Biological: SB-AS15 adjuvant Phase 2

Detailed Description:



  • Compare the objective response rate (complete and partial response) in patients with unresectable stage III or stage IV M1a cutaneous melanoma immunized with vaccine comprising D1/3-MAGE-3-His fusion protein and SB-AS02B adjuvant vs SB-AS15 adjuvant.
  • Compare the activity of SB-AS02B adjuvant vs SB-AS15 adjuvant, in terms of maximizing the antigenicity of MAGE-3, in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the rate of grade 3/4 vaccine-related toxicity in patients treated with these regimens.


  • Compare progression-free survival in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open label, parallell-group, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease stage (III in transit vs other stage III vs IV), presence of lesion ≥ 20 mm (yes vs no), and participating center. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Induction therapy

    • Arm I: Patients receive immunization comprising D1/3-MAGE-3-His fusion protein and SB-AS02B adjuvant intramuscularly (IM) once weekly on weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11.
    • Arm II: Patients receive immunization comprising D1/3-MAGE-3-His fusion protein SB-AS15 adjuvant IM once weekly on weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11.

Patients achieving a clinical complete response (CR), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD), or slow progressive disease (SPD) proceed to maintenance therapy.

  • Maintenance therapy: Patients in both arms receive immunization (according to their randomized arm) once weekly on weeks 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 34, 40, 46, and 52.

Patients maintaining a CR, PR, or SD proceed to long-term treatment.

  • Long-term treatment: Beginning 3 months after completion of maintenance therapy, patients in both arms receive immunization (according to their randomized arm) once every 3 months for 4 courses and then once every 6 months for 4 courses.

Treatment continues in both arms in the absence of disease progression that does not correspond to SPD status, unacceptable toxicity, or the diagnosis of an autoimmune disease.

Patients are followed every 12 weeks.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 68 patients (34 patients per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 165 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Open Phase II Study of Immunization With the Recombinant MAGE-3 Protein Combined With Adjuvant AS02B or AS15 in Patients With Unresectable and Progressive Metastatic Cutaneous Melanoma
Study Start Date : May 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate (complete response and partial response) as assessed by RECIST criteria
  2. Vaccine-related toxicity as assessed by CTCAE v3

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of stabilization as assessed by RECIST criteria
  2. Rate of mixed response as assessed by RECIST criteria
  3. Rate of immune response
  4. Progression-free survival

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed cutaneous melanoma

    • Unresectable stage III OR stage IV M1a disease
  • Documented progressive disease within the past 12 weeks
  • Measurable disease
  • Skin, soft tissue, or lymph node metastasis allowed provided the disease is not amenable to curative treatment with surgery
  • Tumor must express the MAGE-3 gene by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis (more than 1% of the positive MAGE-3 control included in the assay)
  • No visceral metastases within the past 56 days by imaging



  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • Hemoglobin ≥ lower limit of normal (LLN)
  • WBC ≥ LLN
  • Lymphocyte count ≥ LLN
  • Platelet count ≥ LLN
  • No bleeding disorders


  • Bilirubin ≤ upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Lactic dehydrogenase ≤ ULN
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2 times ULN
  • PT and aPTT normal
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen negative (antibody test may be positive)
  • Hepatitis C antibody negative


  • Creatinine ≤ ULN


  • No clinically significant heart disease (CTC grade III or IV)


  • No autoimmune disease (vitiligo allowed)
  • No anti-nuclear antibody titer ≥ 1/320 OR equal to 1/160 AND auto-antibodies directed against specific auto-antigens
  • No immunodeficiency
  • No active infection requiring antibiotic therapy
  • HIV negative


  • Not pregnant
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3 months after study participation
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except surgically cured basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No other serious acute or chronic illness requiring concurrent medications
  • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that would preclude study compliance


Biologic therapy

  • More than 8 weeks since prior adjuvant vaccine therapy
  • No prior vaccine therapy containing a MAGE-3 antigen
  • No prior vaccine therapy for metastatic melanoma
  • No concurrent immunomodulating agents (e.g., BCG)


  • No prior systemic chemotherapy
  • No concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • No concurrent corticosteroids

    • Concurrent prednisone or equivalent allowed provided the dose is ≤ 40 mg/day and treatment duration is for no more than 3 weeks
    • Concurrent inhaled and topical steroids are allowed


  • No prior radiotherapy to the spleen
  • No concurrent radiotherapy to > 20% of all existing lesions (i.e., target lesions, non-target lesions, and nonmeasurable lesions)

    • Concurrent local low-dose (≤ 20 Grays) radiotherapy allowed


  • Recovered from prior surgery or biopsy
  • No prior organ allograft
  • No prior splenectomy
  • Concurrent surgery to a limited number of lesions allowed for patients with a complete response, partial response, or stable disease after at least 3 courses of study therapy


  • No prior systemic anticancer therapy
  • More than 4 weeks since prior isolated limb perfusion therapy
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy
  • No other concurrent immunosuppressive agents

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00086866

Show Show 21 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
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Study Chair: Willem H. J. Kruit, MD, PhD Daniel Den Hoed Cancer Center at Erasmus Medical Center
Study Chair: Cornelis J. A. Punt, MD, PhD Universitair Medisch Centrum St. Radboud - Nijmegen

Publications of Results:
Kruit WH, Suciu S, Dreno B, et al.: Immunization with recombinant MAGE-A3 protein combined with adjuvant systems AS15 or AS02B in patients with unresectable and progressive metastatic cutaneous melanoma: A randomized open-label phase II study of the EORTC Melanoma Group (16032- 18031). [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 26 (Suppl 15): A-9065, 2008.
Louahed J, Gruselle O, Gaulis S, et al.: Expression of defined genes identified by pretreatment tumor profiling: association with clinical responses to the GSK MAGE- A3 immunotherapeutic in metastatic melanoma patients (EORTC 16032-18031). [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 26 (Suppl 15): A-9045, 2008.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC Identifier: NCT00086866    
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-16032-18031
2004-001937-40 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: July 12, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 10, 2015
Last Verified: February 2015
Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
stage III melanoma
stage IV melanoma
recurrent melanoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas