Helicobacter Pylori and Dry Eye
This study will examine whether infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria may cause inflammation of the eye's surface. Although most people who are infected with H. pylori do not have symptoms, the bacteria can cause several diseases, including gastritis-stomach inflammation, stomach ulcers or, rarely, stomach cancer, and certain types of lymphoma. H. pylori has also been associated with autoimmune disorders, in which the patient's immune system attacks the body's own tissues.
People who have been infected with H. pylori, with and without dry eye, may be eligible for this study. Candidates are screened with a medical history, a blood test to determine H. pylori infection, and an eye examination. The examination includes measurements of visual acuity, eye pressure, and tear production. To measure the amount of tear production, a small piece of filter paper is inserted over the eyelid on the side and collects tears over a 5-minute period. Drops of two colored dyes (orange and green) are placed in the eyes to see if there are any dry areas. Screening also includes examination of the pupils and eye movements, the lens, and the back of the eye, including the retina.
Participants will also have a few cells collected from the surface of the eye. After the eyes are numbed with anesthetic eye drops, a swab (like a Q-tip) is rolled over the surface of the white part of the eye to collect small samples of the superficial layer of the conjunctiva - a transparent membrane covering the eyeball. The specimens are analyzed by special laboratory techniques to determine whether H. pylori has infected the eye.
|Official Title:||Pilot Study of Helicobacter Pylori and Ocular Surface Disease|
|Study Start Date:||May 2004|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||March 2005|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00083291
|United States, Maryland|
|National Eye Institute (NEI)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|