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Angiomax in Patients With HIT/HITTS Type II Undergoing CPB (HIT/TS)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
The Medicines Company Identifier:
First received: March 9, 2004
Last updated: November 8, 2011
Last verified: November 2011
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that in patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT)/heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and thrombosis syndrome (HITTS) Type II undergoing cardiac surgery on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), Angiomax is a safe and effective anticoagulant.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cardiovascular Disease Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Drug: Angiomax (bivalirudin) Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Study of Angiomax (Bivalirudin) in Patients With HIT/HITTS Type II Undergoing Cardiac Surgery on Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CPB)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by The Medicines Company:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Primary Endpoint [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    In-hospital acute procedural success, defined as the absence of death, Q wave MI, repeat coronary revascularization, and stroke (hemorrhagic or ischemic) at hospital discharge or Day 7 after surgery ('Day 7/discharge'), whichever occurs first.

Enrollment: 125
Study Start Date: April 2004
Primary Completion Date: October 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Angiomax (bivalirudin)
    250 mg vial administered as 1.0 mg/kg intravenous (IV) bolus and 2.5 mg/kg/h IV infusion during the procedure with the option to administer additional 0.1 to 0.5 mg/kg boluses to increase the level of anticoagulation as clinically indicated. A low-dose infusion could have been administered in the preoperative phase (up to 48 hours before the procedure) and in the postoperative phase (up to 14 days after the procedure) as clinically indicated for management of HIT/TS. A starting bolus of 0.1 mg/kg and/or an infusion of 0.2 mg/kg/h titrated to a desired activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), eg, 1.5-2.5 times baseline aPTT, was recommended.
Detailed Description:
An open-label, prospective, multicenter, single-arm study; with a historical reference cohort of similarly identified HIT/HITTS patients from participating institutions that underwent cardiac surgery on CPB with alternative anticoagulation regimens during the period of approximately 12 months prior to initiation of the first patient into this study.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Provide written informed consent before initiation of any study-related procedures, and
  • Be at least 18 years of age, and
  • Be scheduled for CABG, CABG single valve surgery, or isolated single valve surgery on CPB. Patients undergoing repeat (redo) CABG are also considered eligible for this study, and demonstrated
  • New diagnosis or history of objectively documented HIT/HITTS Type II, defined as one or more of the following:

    1. Positive heparin-induced platelet aggregation (HIPA) or other functional assay for HIT or immunoassay for HIT antibodies (ELISA), AND/OR
    2. HIT: Thrombocytopenia associated with heparin therapy, where the platelet count has decreased by 50%*, OR
    3. HITTS: Thrombocytopenia (as defined in B above) PLUS any evidence of arterial or venous thrombosis

Exclusion Criteria

  • Confirmed pregnancy at time of enrollment via IVRS (if woman of child-bearing potential) (Urine or serum pregnancy test)
  • Cerebrovascular accident within 6 months, or any cerebrovascular accident with a residual neurological deficit.
  • Intracranial neoplasm, arteriovenous malformation or aneurysm.
  • Dependency on renal dialysis or creatinine clearance <30mL/min.
  • Ongoing treatment with warfarin (or other oral anticoagulant) at the time of enrollment.

Patients previously treated with warfarin may be enrolled if warfarin therapy can be safely discontinued and baseline INR is < 1.3 times control in the absence of heparin therapy.

  • Known allergy to Angiomax or hirudin derived drugs, or known sensitivity to any component of the product.
  • Patients receiving clopidogrel (Plavix®) within the previous 5 days may be enrolled if in the opinion of the Investigator the benefits of surgery outweigh the risk associated with recent clopidogrel administration.
  • Patients receiving a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor within the previous 48 hours prior to enrollment if abciximab (ReoPro®) or 12 hours if eptifibatide (Integrilin®) or tirofiban (Aggrastat®), may be enrolled if in the opinion of the Investigator the benefits of surgery outweigh the risk associated with not waiting the 48 or 12 hour time period prior to enrollment.
  • Patients receiving lepirudin (Refludan®) or argatroban within the previous 24 hours prior to enrollment.

Patients currently receiving lepirudin or argatroban can be enrolled if they are switched to Angiomax at least 24 hours prior to the planned cardiac surgery.

  • Patients receiving LMWH or thrombolytics within the previous 12 hours may be enrolled if in the opinion of the Investigator the benefits of surgery outweigh the risk associated with not waiting the 12 hour time period.
  • Participation in other clinical research studies involving the evaluation of other investigational drugs or devices within 30 days of enrollment.
  • Refusal to undergo blood transfusion should it become necessary.
  • Any other disease or condition, which, in the judgment of the Investigator, would place a patient at undue risk by being enrolled in the trial, or cause inability to comply with the trial.
  • Planned surgical procedure in which proximal anastomoses will precede distal anastomoses of the bypass grafts.
  • Planned (>1) double (or greater) valve repair-replacement (e.g.: AVR-MVR) surgery.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00079508

United States, Ohio
The Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Medicines Company
Study Director: Malcolm Lloyd, MD The Medicines Company
  More Information

Responsible Party: The Medicines Company Identifier: NCT00079508     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TMC-BIV-02-03
Study First Received: March 9, 2004
Last Updated: November 8, 2011

Keywords provided by The Medicines Company:
Heparin-induced Thrombocytopenia
Heparin-induced Thrombocytopenia/Thrombosis Syndrome
Heparin anti-body positive

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Serine Proteinase Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Fibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents processed this record on August 18, 2017