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Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, and Prednisone With or Without Gemcitabine in Treating Patients With Previously Untreated Aggressive Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00079261
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 10, 2004
Last Update Posted : September 24, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone, and gemcitabine, work in different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one chemotherapy drug may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying giving combination chemotherapy together with gemcitabine to see how well it works compared to giving combination chemotherapy alone in treating patients with previously untreated aggressive stage II, stage III, or stage IV non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lymphoma Small Intestine Cancer Drug: CHOP regimen Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Drug: prednisone Drug: vincristine sulfate Phase 2

Detailed Description:



  • Compare the complete response rate (confirmed or unconfirmed) in patients with previously untreated aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone with vs without gemcitabine.


  • Compare the safety profile of these regimens in these patients.
  • Compare the feasibility of these regimens, defined as the proportion of courses given as scheduled, in these patients.
  • Compare freedom from treatment failure in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center, International Prognostic Index score (0-2 vs 3-5), and histology (B cell vs T cell). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive CHOP chemotherapy comprising cyclophosphamide IV, doxorubicin IV, and vincristine IV on day 1 and oral or IV prednisone on days 1-5.
  • Arm II: Patients receive CHOP chemotherapy as in arm I and gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8.

In both arms, treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 3 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or progressive disease. Patients achieving partial response or complete or unconfirmed complete response receive an additional 5 courses of therapy (for a total of 8 courses).

Patients are followed every 3 months for 3 years, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 76-82 patients (38-41 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Gem-CHOP: A Randomized Phase II Study of Gemcitabine Combined With CHOP in Untreated Aggressive Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Study Start Date : January 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2007

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete response as assessed by Cheson criteria

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Toxicity as assessed by CTC 2.0
  2. Proportion of courses given as scheduled
  3. Freedom from treatment failure as assessed by Cheson criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of 1 of the following WHO subtypes:

    • Diffuse large B large cell lymphoma (including all clinical and morphologic variants)
    • Grade 3 follicular lymphoma
    • Extranodal T/NK cell lymphoma, nasal type
    • Enteropathy-type T cell lymphoma
    • Hepato-splenic T cell lymphoma
    • Peripheral T cell lymphoma, unspecified
    • Angioimmunoblastic lymphoma
    • Anaplastic large cell lymphoma, systemic type
  • Stage II-IV disease
  • At least 1 site of measurable disease (e.g., lymph node or lymph node mass)
  • The following subtypes are not allowed:

    • Mantle cell lymphoma
    • Burkitt's lymphoma
    • Precursor B or T cell lymphoma
    • Primary cutaneous B or T cell lymphoma
  • No CNS involvement by lymphoma



  • 18 to 70

Performance status

  • Not specified

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • WBC > 3,000/mm^3
  • Neutrophil count > 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count > 100,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin < 2.5 times normal (unless due to lymphoma)
  • ALT and AST < 2.5 times normal (unless due to lymphoma)


  • Creatinine < 2.0 mg/dL


  • No severe cardiac disease that would preclude study participation or limit life expectancy


  • FEV_1 and DLCO ≥ 75% of predicted (unless due to lymphoma)
  • No severe pulmonary disease that would preclude study participation or limit life expectancy


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • HIV negative
  • No other prior or concurrent malignancy except basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No severe neurologic or metabolic disease that would preclude study participation or limit life expectancy
  • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that would preclude study compliance and follow-up


Biologic therapy

  • No concurrent monoclonal antibodies


  • No other concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • No prior radiotherapy
  • No concurrent radiotherapy


  • Not specified


  • No prior cytotoxic agents
  • No prior treatment for NHL
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy
  • No other concurrent investigational drugs

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00079261

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U.Z. Gasthuisberg
Leuven, Belgium, B-3000
Algemeen Ziekenhuis Sint-Augustinus
Wilrijk, Belgium, 2610
University Hospital Rebro
Zagreb, Croatia, 41000
National Cancer Institute - Cairo
Cairo, Egypt
Institut Bergonie
Bordeaux, France, 33076
Universitair Medisch Centrum St. Radboud - Nijmegen
Nijmegen, Netherlands, NL-6500 HB
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
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Study Chair: Igor Aurer, MD, PhD University Hospital Rebro
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC Identifier: NCT00079261    
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-20021
First Posted: March 10, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 24, 2012
Last Verified: September 2012
Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
contiguous stage II grade 3 follicular lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II grade 3 follicular lymphoma
stage III grade 3 follicular lymphoma
stage IV grade 3 follicular lymphoma
contiguous stage II adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
stage III adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
stage IV adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
anaplastic large cell lymphoma
angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma
adult grade III lymphomatoid granulomatosis
small intestine lymphoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Intestinal Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists