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An Investigation Into the Short Term Effect of APOMINE in Patients With Osteoporosis or Low Bone Mass

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00078026
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : February 19, 2004
Last Update Posted : February 5, 2014
Information provided by:

Brief Summary:
Osteoporosis affects millions of postmenopausal women in the USA. The current approved treatments are all drugs that prevent bone loss and possibly result in small gains in bone mass. Another possible treatment consists of drugs that increase bone formation. There are currently two drugs that stimulate bone formation, sodium fluoride and human parathyroid hormone (hPTH). Neither of these two drugs has been approved by the FDA. APOMINE has shown significant bone formation in animal studies. In this study we plan to test whether APOMINE is able to stimulate new bone formation in women with osteoporosis or low bone mass.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoporosis Drug: Apomine Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This study is a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel-group study to investigate the efficacy and safety of administering 3 dose levels of APOMINE at 25, 50, or 100 mg/day or placebo once a day as a capsule to postmenopausal women with low bone mass or osteoporosis. Eligible patients must be women between 45 and 75 years of age, have a diagnosed low bone mineral density or osteoporosis, and be at least 3 years post menopause. The primary endpoint of the study will be changes in bone formation markers (bone alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin). The secondary endpoint of the study will be changes in bone formation markers (bone alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and P-ICP) and bone resorption markers (serum C-telopeptide, urinary N-telopeptide). Blood samples will be drawn at each study visit to determine these bone markers as well as for normal laboratory tests. Bone mineral density measurements (DEXA) will be performed at the beginning and at the end of the study. Up to 60 subjects will be randomized as a cohort for treatment and treated with 25, 50, or 100 mg/day or placebo (15 subjects per group). All enrolled subjects will receive a daily calcium and Vitamin D supplement.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Randomized Study of the Short-Term Effects of APOMINE vs Placebo in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis or Low Bone Mass
Study Start Date : August 2003
Study Completion Date : December 2004

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Osteoporosis/low bone mass subjects treated with 3 levels (25, 50 or 100 mg/day) of Apomine or placebo. Efficacy measured by changes in baseline in: biochemical indicators of bone formation and bone resorption and BMD.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To evaluate the quantitative and qualitative toxicities, as well as limited pharmacokinetics in this population.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   45 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A diagnosis of osteoporosis or low bone mass (T score < or = to -1).
  • Female, 45 to 75 years old (inclusive).
  • Postmenopausal (cessation of menses or oophorectomy) by at least 3 years.
  • Bone mineral density: (BMD) at spine or hip >1 standard deviation below mean for young normals of same sex (T score < or = to -1).
  • Adequate liver function as indicated by a total bilirubin, AST, and ALT being within institutional normal limits.
  • Serum creatinine within institutional normal limits.
  • Signed, written informed consent.
  • Able to comply with study procedures and follow-up examinations.
  • Ionized calcium and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 must be within institutional normal limits.
  • PTH must be within institutional normal limits.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known hypersensitivity to study drug or related compounds (e.g., bisphosphonates).
  • Use of any drugs for treatment of osteoporosis in the previous 6 months (e.g., bisphosphonates, hormone-replacement therapy [HRT]).
  • Any chronic or continued use of drugs that are known to affect bone metabolism (e.g., diuretics, glucocorticoids, oral contraceptives).
  • Gallstone diagnosed within the past 5 years or a history of multiple gallstones.
  • Previous significant gastrointestinal surgery (except appendectomy) or gastrointestinal disease.
  • Abnormal thyroid function (by thyroid-stimulating hormone [TSH] assay, normal range 0.5-5.0 U/L).
  • Secondary osteoporosis (e.g., steroid-induced) and/or any other disorder affecting calcium or mineral metabolism.
  • Use of investigational agents within previous 30 days.
  • Patients with existing heart problems (e.g., congestive heart failure, unstable angina, conduction delay).
  • Patients taking calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, digitalis, or antihypertensive agents.
  • Any other concurrent disease or condition that, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00078026

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United States, Nebraska
Omaha, Nebraska, United States
United States, New York
West Haverstraw, New York, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
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Study Director: Medical Monitor Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Medical Monitor, Genzyme Corporation Identifier: NCT00078026    
Other Study ID Numbers: APB-231
First Posted: February 19, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 5, 2014
Last Verified: February 2014
Keywords provided by Sanofi:
Bone Mass
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Metabolic Diseases