Bortezomib in Treating Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma (Liver Cancer)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00077441
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 12, 2004
Last Update Posted : June 4, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial is studying how well bortezomib works in treating patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer) that cannot be removed with surgery. Bortezomib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adult Primary Hepatocellular Carcinoma Advanced Adult Primary Liver Cancer Localized Unresectable Adult Primary Liver Cancer Recurrent Adult Primary Liver Cancer Drug: bortezomib Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. Proportion of confirmed tumor responses.


I. To evaluate the confirmed and objective response rate. II. To assess patient outcome as estimated by duration of response, time to disease progression, and survival.

III. To evaluate the adverse event rates associated with PS-341 in this population.

IV. To explore the relationships between laboratory correlates (eg. IHC) and patient outcome (eg p53 and disease progression).

V. To evaluate alterations in laboratory correlates from pre-treatment measurements (ie, pre and post treatment). The following immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays will be performed: IHC of p53, IHC of p21, IHC of p27, IHC of NFkB, IHC of Ki67.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive bortezomib IV over 3-5 seconds on days 1, 4, 8, and 11. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed every 3 months until disease progression and then every 6 months for up to 3 years from study entry.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 55 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of PS-341 in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Study Start Date : April 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Liver Cancer
Drug Information available for: Bortezomib

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (bortezomib)
Patients receive bortezomib IV over 3-5 seconds on days 1, 4, 8, and 11. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: bortezomib
Given IV
Other Names:
  • LDP 341
  • MLN341

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of confirmed tumor responses, defined to be either a CR or PR noted as the objective status on 2 consecutive evaluations at least 6 weeks apart [ Time Frame: Up to 36 weeks (12 courses) ]
    Ninety-five percent confidence intervals for the true success proportion will be calculated.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Survival time [ Time Frame: Time from registration to death due to any cause, assessed up to 3 years ]
    The distribution of survival time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.

  2. Time to disease progression [ Time Frame: Time from registration to documentation of disease progression, assessed up to 3 years ]
    The distribution of time to progression will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.

  3. Duration of response is defined for all evaluable patients who have achieved an objective response as the date at which the patient's objective status is first noted to be either a CR or PR to the date progression is documented [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
  4. Time to treatment failure [ Time Frame: Time from the date of registration to the date at which the patient is removed from treatment due to progression, toxicity, or refusal, assessed up to 3 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that is not amenable to surgical resection
  • Must have measurable disease; NOTE: For patients having only lesions measuring > 1 cm to =< 2 cm must use spiral CT imaging for all tumor assessments
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3
  • PLT >= 75,000/mm^3
  • Total bilirubin =< 3 x upper normal limit (UNL)
  • Serum AST =< 5 x UNL
  • Serum ALT =< 5 x UNL
  • Serum creatinine =< 2 mg/dL
  • Serum albumin >= 2.5 g/dL
  • PT/ INR =< 1.5 (EXCEPTION - Patients with full-dose anticoagulants are eligible provided the patient has been on a stable dose, >= 2 weeks, of warfarin or low molecular weight heparin and has an PT/INR range 2-3)
  • Child-Pugh classification of A or B
  • Patients may not have received prior systemic chemotherapy BUT may have received prior chemoembolization, cryotherapy, radiofrequency ablation, ethanol injection, or photodynamic therapy, provided the following criteria are met:

    • > 6 weeks has elapsed since that therapy
    • Indicator lesion(s) is/are outside the area of prior treatment or, if the only indicator lesion is inside the prior treatment area, there must be clear evidence of disease progression associated with that lesion
    • Edges of the indicator lesion are clearly distinct on CT scanning
  • ECOG performance status (PS) 0, 1, or 2
  • Estimated life expectancy >= 24 weeks
  • Capable of understanding the investigational nature, potential risks and benefits of the study and able to provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any of the following:

    • Prior systemic anticancer therapy. Note: Chemoembolization is allowed and for trial purposes is not considered a systemic chemotherapy; however, >= 6 weeks must have elapsed between chemoembolization and enrollment on this study
    • Prior PS-341 therapy
    • Immunotherapy =< 4 weeks have elapsed prior to study entry
    • Biologic therapy =< 4 weeks have elapsed prior to study entry
    • Radiation therapy =< 4 weeks have elapsed prior to study entry
    • Cryotherapy =< 6 weeks have elapsed since prior to study entry
    • Radiofrequency ablation =< 6 weeks have elapsed since prior to study entry
    • Ethanol injection =< 6 weeks have elapsed since prior to study entry
    • Photodynamic therapy =< 6 weeks have elapsed since prior to study entry
    • Major surgery, or significant traumatic injury =< 3 weeks prior to study entry
    • Other concurrent chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, or any other therapy or supportive care considered investigational
  • Presence of > grade 1 sensory peripheral neuropathy of any etiology OR grade 1 with neuropathic pain of any etiology
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to PS-341
  • History of other malignancy =< 3 years prior to study entry, except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer
  • Any of the following as this regimen may be harmful to a developing fetus or nursing child:

    • Pregnant women
    • Breastfeeding women
    • Men or women of childbearing potential or their sexual partners who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception (condoms, diaphragm, birth control pills, injections, intrauterine device [IUD], surgical sterilization, subcutaneous implants, or abstinence, etc.)
  • Known CNS metastases
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:

    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia
    • Psychiatric illness that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • HIV-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00077441

United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: George Kim Mayo Clinic

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00077441     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02806
N01CM62205 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: February 12, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 4, 2013
Last Verified: June 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Liver Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents