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Safety and Efficacy of an Anti-Psychotic in Patients With Schizophrenia

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C. Identifier:
First received: December 12, 2003
Last updated: May 20, 2011
Last verified: April 2010
The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy (how well the drug works), safety, and side effects of paliperidone palmitate injection compared to placebo in the treatment of the symptoms of schizophrenia in adults. The placebo used in this study was a nutritional substance known as 20% Intralipid emulsion given to patients requiring intravenous feedings.

Condition Intervention Phase
Schizophrenia Drug: R092670 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of 50 and 100 Mg-eq of Paliperidone Palmitate in Patients With Schizophrenia

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The change in total PANSS score from the start of the double-blind treatment period to the end of the double-blind treatment period.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Changes from the start of to the end of the double-blind treatment period in CGI-S and in the PANSS subscales for specific symptoms. Incidence of adverse events, labs and ECGs throughout study.

Enrollment: 250
Study Start Date: October 2003
Study Completion Date: July 2004
Detailed Description:
Paliperidone palmitate is an aqueous suspension that releases paliperidone gradually over a period of about 1 month and is under development to provide a sustained and stable level of paliperidone. This is a randomized (patients will be assigned to different treatment groups based solely on chance), double-blind (neither the patient nor the physician will know if placebo or drug is being given and at what dose), placebo-controlled, multicenter study in patients with schizophrenia. The study consists of a screening period (maximum 5 days, including a 3-day washout of psychotropic medications other than antidepressants, if applicable); a 7-day, open-label, oral run-in period; and a 64-day double-blind treatment period. The total duration of the study is approximately 11 weeks. Efficacy will be evaluated during the study using the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS) and the Clinical Global Impression - Severity (CGI-S) scale. Safety will be evaluated by monitoring adverse events and changes in clinical laboratory results, including prolactin levels; physical examination results; tardive dyskinesia will be rated using the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS), akathisia will be rated according to the Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale (BARS), extrapyramidal symptoms will be evaluated using the Simpson-Angus Rating Scale (SAS); electrocardiogram (ECG); vital sign measurements; and concomitant therapy. ER OROS paliperidone (6 or 12 mg) or IR paliperidone (2 or 4 mg) oral dosage administered daily for 7 days (Day -7 to -1), followed by i.m. injections of paliperidone palmitate (either 50 mg eq. or 100 mg eq.), or placebo on Days 1, 8, and 36 of the study.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients diagnosed with schizophrenia
  • for at least 1 year before screening
  • meet PANSS score criteria
  • must agree to hospitalization for a minimum of 14 days
  • body mass index (BMI) <35.0 kilogram (kg)/meter (m)2.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are involuntarily committed as in-patients
  • have a DSM-IV Axis I diagnosis other than schizophrenia
  • have a DSM-IV diagnosis of substance dependence within 3 months before screening (nicotine, caffeine dependence, and history of recreational use of marijuana are not exclusionary)
  • have a decrease of >/=25% in the PANSS score between screening and predose
  • previous lack of response to 2 adequate trials of antipsychotic treatment
  • have a significant risk of suicidal, homicidal, or violent ideation or behavior
  • have severe gastrointestinal narrowing (pathologic or iatrogenic)
  • current presence of any significant or unstable medication condition
  • treatment with any protocol disallowed therapies
  • clinically significant result from screening laboratory or ECG.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00074477

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number): Identifier: NCT00074477     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR004357
Study First Received: December 12, 2003
Last Updated: May 20, 2011

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
Paliperidone palmitate

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders
Paliperidone Palmitate
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs
Serotonin 5-HT2 Receptor Antagonists
Serotonin Antagonists
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Dopamine D2 Receptor Antagonists
Dopamine Antagonists
Dopamine Agents processed this record on September 19, 2017