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Gemcitabine Hydrochloride, Carboplatin, Dexamethasone, and Rituximab in Treating Patients With Previously Treated Lymphoid Malignancies

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ajay Gopal, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00072514
First received: November 4, 2003
Last updated: May 28, 2017
Last verified: May 2017
  Purpose
This pilot phase II trial studies the side effects and how well giving gemcitabine hydrochloride, carboplatin, dexamethasone, and rituximab together works in treating patients with previously treated lymphoid malignancies. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride, carboplatin, and dexamethasone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) and giving monoclonal antibody therapy with chemotherapy may kill more cancer cells

Condition Intervention Phase
Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma Intraocular Lymphoma Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Small Intestine Lymphoma Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma Testicular Lymphoma Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Drug: carboplatin Drug: dexamethasone Biological: rituximab Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study Evaluating the Efficacy of Gemcitabine, Carboplatin, and Dexamethasone and Rituximab for Previously Treated Lymphoid Malignancies

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Ajay Gopal, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Ability to Successfully Deliver the Investigational Therapy Without Incurring the Protocol Suspension Rules [ Time Frame: At 3-4 weeks after completion of study treatment ]
    Count of participants that received the investigational therapy without incurring the protocol suspension rules. A stopping rule for safety was employed such that the study would be suspended if sufficient evidence indicated that the true grade 4-5 non-hematologic toxicity rate exceeded 10%.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall and Complete Response Rates [ Time Frame: 3-4 weeks after completion of study treatment ]
    Response was assessed per standard criteria (Cheson BD, Horning SJ, Coiffier B, et al. Report of an international workshop to standardize response criteria fornon-Hodgkin's lymphomas. J Clin Oncol 1999;17:1244-1253.)

  • Hematologic and Non-hematologic Adverse Events. [ Time Frame: 3-4 weeks after completion of study treatment ]
    Count of participants with grade 3/4 hematologic and non-hematologic adverse events.

  • Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Collection [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks ]
    Count of patients that attempted and had successful autologous peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection.


Enrollment: 55
Study Start Date: August 2003
Study Completion Date: November 2013
Primary Completion Date: July 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment
Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8, carboplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1, and dexamethasone orally (PO) on days 1-4. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with CD20-POSITIVE LYMPHOMAS also receive rituximab IV on day 8.
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • dFdC
  • difluorodeoxycytidine hydrochloride
  • gemcitabine
  • Gemzar
Drug: carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • CBDCA
  • JM-8
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin
Drug: dexamethasone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aeroseb-Dex
  • Decaderm
  • Decadron
  • DM
  • DXM
Biological: rituximab
Given IV in CD20-POSITIVE LYMPHOMAS cases
Other Names:
  • IDEC-C2B8
  • IDEC-C2B8 monoclonal antibody
  • Mabthera
  • MOAB IDEC-C2B8
  • Rituxan

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the feasibility and safety of Gemcitabine/Carboplatin/Dexamethasone with or without Rituximab in previously treated lymphoid malignancies (rituximab will only be evaluated in CD20 positive malignancies).

II. To determine the efficacy of the above regimen.

III. To determine the ability to proceed to blood stem peripheral blood collection following the above regimens (the impact of above regimen on stem cell reserve).

IV. To determine remission duration.

All patients are treated with gemcitbine, carboplatin, and dexamethasone. Patients with CD20 + lymphomas also receive rituximab.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 3-4 weeks and then every 6 months for 5 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have relapsed or primary refractory lymphoid malignancy (including B-cell, T-cell, or Hodgkin's Disease)
  • Revised European American classification (REAL), or World Health Organization (WHO) classification of patients malignancies must be provided
  • Patients must have measurable disease defined as lesions that can be accurately measured in two dimensions by computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), medical photograph (skin or oral lesion), plain x-ray, or other conventional technique and a greatest transverse diameter of 1 cm or greater; or palpable lesions with both diameters >= 2 cm; Note: CT scans remain the standard for evaluation of nodal disease
  • Patients must have a bone marrow aspirate and biopsy within 28 days of enrollment and no intervening anticancer therapy
  • Patients must have a CT of chest, abdomen, and pelvis within 28 days of enrollment; patients with evidence of adenopathy in the neck must have a CT of neck
  • Patients should not have evidence active central nervous system lymphoma
  • Patients must have a Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2
  • Patients should have absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/uL; exception: patients with cytopenia thought to be due to disease in their bone marrow, that do not meet this criteria, may be enrolled on the protocol at the Study Chair's discretion
  • Patients should have platelets >= 100,000/uL; exception: patients with cytopenia thought to be due to disease in their bone marrow, that do not meet this criteria, may be enrolled on the protocol at the Study Chair's discretion
  • Serum bilirubin less than 2 times the upper limit of normal
  • Serum creatinine less than 1.5 times the upper limit of normal and creatinine clearance greater than 50/ mL per minute
  • Patients must have serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) performed within 14 days prior to treatment
  • All patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and have given written consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
  • Must anticipate that patient will complete at least 2 cycles of chemotherapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive
  • Pregnant or nursing women; men or women of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method
  • Patients with other prior malignancies except for adequately treated basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, cervical cancer in situ, or other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for 5 years or greater unless approved by the Principal Investigator (PI)
  • Patients that are refractory (i.e., not responded or progressed within 6 months) to a carboplatin or cisplatin-based regimen or a gemcitabine-based regimen
  • Patients with active hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or hepatitis
  • Patients that have other medical conditions that would contraindicate treatment with aggressive chemotherapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00072514

Locations
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ajay Gopal Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

Responsible Party: Ajay Gopal, Principal Investigator, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00072514     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PSOC 2003
NCI-2011-00035 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
Study First Received: November 4, 2003
Results First Received: April 14, 2017
Last Updated: May 28, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Follicular
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Hodgkin Disease
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Burkitt Lymphoma
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic
Plasmablastic Lymphoma
Mycoses
Mycosis Fungoides
Sezary Syndrome
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous
Leukemia, T-Cell
Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell
Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral
Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis
Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell
Immunoblastic Lymphadenopathy
Intraocular Lymphoma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 23, 2017