Electroacupuncture for Major Depression
|Depression Depressive Disorder||Procedure: Electroacupuncture Procedure: Sham||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Electroacupuncture for Major Depression: A Pilot Study|
- Antidepressant Response, Defined as a Hamilton Depression Rating Scale Score Relative Decrease of 50 % or More and a Final Score < 10 [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Post-Intervention Endpoint ]
- Change in Functioning and Health-related Quality of Life as Rated by the Medical Outcomes Survey-Version 1 (MOS-36) Physical Component Score (MOSPCS) [ Time Frame: Mean Change from Baseline to Post-Intervention Endpoint ]
- Change in Functioning and Health-related Quality of Life as Rated by the Medical Outcomes Survey-Version 1 (MOS-36) Mental Component Score (MOSMCS) [ Time Frame: Mean Change from Baseline to Post-Intervention Endpoint ]
- Change in Functioning and Health-related Quality of Life as Rated by the Medical Outcomes Survey-Version 1 (MOS-36) Bodily Pain Index (MOSBPI) [ Time Frame: Mean Change from Baseline to Post-Intervention Endpoint ]
|Study Start Date:||March 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
For subjects randomized to EA, needles were placed at points GV-20—on the crown of the head and yin tang—on the midline of the forehead roughly at the glabella and treated with electrical stimulation. 30 mm x 0.22 mm sterile stainless steel needles were placed obliquely to a depth of approximately 10 mm and were connected to face-microelectrodes which were connected to the Pantheon Research PENS-Electrostimulator. Electricity was provided at a frequency of 2 Hz and set to a voltage which resulted in the perception of a mild intensity stimulation.
Placebo Comparator: 2
For subjects randomized to SA, two needles were placed laterally on the scalp, 3 cuns superior to the temporal attachment of the helix of the ear. This point was selected as it does not correspond to any specific meridian acupuncture point. A disabled electrical cable was connected to the needles and the electrostimulator, with light blinking at 2 Hz but no electrical stimulation provided.
Major depression is a common and serious mental illness. It is associated with a markedly lower quality of life, significant functional impairment, and premature death due to suicide or comorbid physical illness. Over the past 50 years, effective and safe treatments for major depression have been developed, including antidepressant pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and electroconvulsive therapy. However, many Americans who suffer from a depressive disorder either do not elect to receive one of these conventional treatments or do not complete an adequate course of treatment. A growing number of Americans with depression are choosing to be treated with complementary and alternative therapies. Acupuncture, in particular, is increasingly being used to treat depression even though only limited data support its safety and efficacy.
This study will use a randomized parallel-group design to compare the safety, efficacy, and tolerability of electroacupuncture (EA) and sham electroacupuncture (SA) for the treatment of major depression. Over a 15-month period, 60 adult outpatients with a major depressive disorder of mild or moderate severity (as defined by the DSM-IV) will be randomized to either 12 sessions of EA or SA to be provided over 6 weeks. Safety and symptomatic improvement (as measured with the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression [HRSD]) will constitute the primary outcome measures. Tolerability and functional improvement will constitute secondary outcome measures.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00071110
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|UPMC Shadyside, Center for Complementary Medicine|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213|
|Principal Investigator:||Benoit H Mulsant, MD||University of Pittsburgh|