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Phase II Studies Of Donepezil And Ginkgo Biloba In Irradiated Brain Tumor

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wake Forest University Health Sciences Identifier:
First received: October 3, 2003
Last updated: May 25, 2017
Last verified: November 2016

RATIONALE: Donepezil and EGb761 may be effective in improving neurocognitive function (such as thinking, attention, concentration, and memory) and may improve quality of life in patients who have undergone radiation therapy to the brain.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well donepezil or EGb761 works in improving neurocognitive function in patients who have undergone radiation therapy for primary brain tumor or brain metastases.

Condition Intervention Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Radiation Toxicity Dietary Supplement: EGb761 Drug: donepezil hydrochloride Procedure: cognitive assessment Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Donepezil and EGb761 in Improving Neurocognitive Function in Patients Who Have Previously Undergone Radiation Therapy for Primary Brain Tumor or Brain Metastases

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Wake Forest University Health Sciences:

Enrollment: 68
Study Start Date: July 2001
Study Completion Date: August 2012
Primary Completion Date: May 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:



  • Determine the effect of donepezil or EGb761 on neurocognitive function in patients who underwent radiotherapy for a primary brain tumor or brain metastases at least 6 months before study registration.


  • Determine the toxicity of these drugs in these patients.
  • Determine the quality of life of patients treated with these drugs.
  • Quantify the extent of radiation-induced white matter disease and temporal lobe atrophy in patients treated with these drugs.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, multicenter study.

  • Group 1 (closed to accrual 10/09/03): Patients receive oral donepezil once daily for 24 weeks.
  • Group 2: Patients receive oral EGb761 three times daily for 24 weeks. In both groups (group 1 closed to accrual 10/09/03), treatment continues in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

In both groups (group 1 closed to accrual 10/09/03), quality of life and neurocognitive assessment is performed at baseline and at weeks 6 (group 1 only), 12, 24, and 30.

Patients are followed at 6 weeks.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 70 patients (35 per treatment group) will be accrued for this study within 9.5 months. (Group 1 closed to accrual 10/09/03)


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Diagnosis of primary brain tumor or brain metastases, meeting 1 of the following criteria:

    • No radiographic evidence of disease
    • Stable disease, defined as no tumor progression within the past 3 months
  • Previously treated with 1 course of localized or whole brain radiotherapy of at least 3,000 cGy at least 6 months before study registration



  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • Karnofsky 70-100%

Life expectancy

  • At least 30 weeks


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test


Biologic therapy

  • Not specified


  • No concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Concurrent steroid therapy allowed if on stable or decreasing dose


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No concurrent cranial radiotherapy


  • No concurrent surgery


  • More than 3 months since prior donepezil or EGb761
  • No concurrent donepezil (group 2 only)
  • No concurrent EGb761 (group 1 only) (closed to accrual 10/09/03)
  • No concurrent anticoagulants (e.g., aspirin, dipyridamole, heparin, warfarin, or enoxaparin) (group 2 only)
  • No concurrent monoamine oxidase inhibitors (e.g., phenelzine or tranylcypromine)
  • No other concurrent therapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00070161

United States, Arizona
CCOP - Western Regional, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85006-2726
United States, Georgia
Regional Radiation Oncology Center at Rome
Rome, Georgia, United States, 30165
United States, North Carolina
Comprehensive Cancer Center at Wake Forest University
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157-1030
United States, South Carolina
CCOP - Upstate Carolina
Spartanburg, South Carolina, United States, 29303
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Edward G. Shaw, MD Wake Forest University Health Sciences
  More Information

Responsible Party: Wake Forest University Health Sciences Identifier: NCT00070161     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: REBACCCWFU-97100
U10CA081851 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: October 3, 2003
Last Updated: May 25, 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Wake Forest University Health Sciences:
radiation toxicity
adult mixed glioma
adult central nervous system germ cell tumor
adult brain stem glioma
adult craniopharyngioma
adult medulloblastoma
adult meningioma
adult choroid plexus tumor
adult tumors metastatic to brain
adult anaplastic oligodendroglioma
adult anaplastic astrocytoma
adult pilocytic astrocytoma
adult subependymoma
adult meningeal hemangiopericytoma
adult ependymoblastoma
adult anaplastic ependymoma
adult pineoblastoma
adult pineocytoma
adult myxopapillary ependymoma
adult glioblastoma
adult grade III meningioma
adult oligodendroglioma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma
adult ependymoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Radiation Injuries
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Wounds and Injuries
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Nootropic Agents processed this record on September 19, 2017