Anakinra to Treat Patients With Neonatal Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease
This study will evaluate the safety and effectiveness of anakinra (Kineret ) for treating patients with neonatal onset multisystem inflammatory disease (NOMID), also known as chronic infantile neurological, cutaneous and arthropathy (CINCA) syndrome. This disease can cause rash, joint deformities, brain inflammation, eye problems, and learning difficulties. Immune suppressing medicines commonly used to treat NOMID do not completely get rid of the disease symptoms and, if used for a long time in high doses, can cause harmful side effects. Anakinra, approved by The Food and Drug Administration for treating rheumatoid arthritis in adults, blocks a substance called IL-1 that may be an important factor in causing the inflammation in NOMID.
Patients 2 years of age and older with NOMID whose disease symptoms appeared by at least 6 months of age may be eligible for this study.
During a 3-week observation before beginning medication, patients will have a physical examination and evaluation of their condition. They will keep a daily diary of symptoms ratings, and will have blood drawn once a week to measure inflammation and monitor disease. At the end of this period, patients will be admitted to the NIH Clinical Center for 5 days to start daily anakinra injections, given under the skin of the thigh, upper arm, or belly. They will also be taught how to self-inject the medication. After 3 months on medication, patients will be randomly assigned to: 1) continue taking anakinra, or 2) receive a placebo injection (an inactive substance identical in appearance to the study drug). Follow-up visits at NIH for 5 days each will be scheduled at 1, 3, and 12 months, plus one visit between months 5 and 7. During this time, patients will undergo the following procedures:
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the brain and of affected joints. This test uses a magnetic field and radio waves to image the parts of the body under study. Patients who cannot lie still during the brain scan will be sedated. Only patients who do not require sedation will have their joints scanned.
- Lumbar puncture (spinal tap). A local anesthetic is given and a needle is inserted in the space between the bones in the lower back where the cerebrospinal fluid circulates below the spinal cord. A small amount of fluid is collected through the needle for analysis.
- Examinations by specialists, including an ophthalmologist (eye exam); otolaryngologist (ear, nose and throat exam and hearing test); neurologist (evaluate neurological symptoms such as headache, weakness, walking difficulties, blurred vision); dermatologist (skin exam with photography for record of rashes and joint changes); psychologist or psychiatrist (test memory and learning ability); rehabilitation medicine specialist (evaluate ability walk, move, and use the hands); speech therapist (evaluate ability to talk).
- X-rays of joints and bones to look for changes during treatment with anakinra.
- DEXA scan to examine bone density.
- Blood samples to assess overall clinical condition, measure blood levels of anakinra, and - with the patient's agreement - to perform DNA studies to look for gene differences associated with NOMID.
- Skin biopsy (optional) to examine how gene differences in NOMID are related to the rash.
- Quality of life questionnaires and review of symptom ratings diaries.
Between NIH visits, patients will be evaluated by their local doctor once a month for a checkup, blood tests, symptoms review, evaluation of drug side effects, and completion of quality of life questionnaires.
Nervous System Malformations
|Official Title:||A Long-Term Outcome Study With the IL-1 Receptor Antagonist Anakinra/Kineret in Patients With Neonatal Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease (NOMID/CINCA Syndrome) A Therapeutic Approach to Study the Pathogenesis of This Disease|
- Comparison of group mean of total disease diary score before compared to after treatment (3-4 mo); mean change in the area under the curve in SAA in patients before and 3-4 mo after tx as well as before and after drug withdrawal. [ Time Frame: 16-17 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2003|
This is a long-term outcome study using the IL-1 receptor antagonist anakinra to treat children and adults with Neonatal Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease (NOMID), also known as chronic infantile neurological, cutaneous and arthropathy (CINCA) syndrome. NOMID/CINCA syndrome is a rare genetic systemic auto-inflammatory disease that is characterized by a triad of symptoms, including a persistent urticaria-like skin rash, an arthropathy associated with patellar and epiphyseal osseous overgrowth, and neurological manifestations, including chronic aseptic meningitis, optic disc edema, high frequency hearing loss, and mental retardation. Spontaneous genetic mutations in the NACHT domain of CIAS1, a gene located on chromosome 1 have been recently identified in about half of the patients with NOMID/CINCA syndrome. CIAS1 encodes a protein, cryopyrin that is associated with up-regulation of IL-1 production in vitro, which has formed the rationale to target the IL-1 pathway in children with NOMID. During an up to 3- week enrollment period before initiating therapy, we will collect self/parent reported daily diary data and serological samples on up to 3 occasions one week apart, to determine baseline disease activity. These data may be gathered by collaborating centers. At the end of the observation period, patients will be admitted to the NIH for a standardized clinical evaluation and initiation of treatment with anakinra administered at 1 mg/kg/day by regular daily subcutaneous injections. If patients do not fulfill improvement criteria at 1 month, the dose will be escalated between 0.5 and 1 mg/kg/day increments to obtain inflammatory remission. An initial withdrawal study in a subset of 11 patients was performed. The clinical improvement at 3-4 months and the change in serum amyloid A levels (SAA) (a sensitive inflammatory marker) from before treatment to 3-4 months post treatment, and drug safety are the primary clinical outcomes of this study. To assess long-term safety and efficacy, all patients will be observed during an open ended extension phase of the study. Clinical and laboratory parameters will be used to assess safety and efficacy throughout the trial. All patients will be seen every 6 months and annually (as calculated from initiation of anakinra treatment) to further evaluate safety and long term outcomes. During the open ended extension phase of the study, patients who have residual clinical or laboratory evidence of active inflammation may have their dose increased between 0.5 and 1 mg/kg/day increments to a maximum dose of 10 mg/kg/per day to achieve clinical remission. In addition, since no data on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of anakinra in pediatric patients is available with doses exceeding 2 mg/kg/day, we plan to determine the PK of anakinra with each dose escalation.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00069329
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Raphaela T Goldbach-Mansky, M.D.||National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)|