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Tariquidar and Docetaxel to Treat Patients With Lung, Ovarian, Renal and Cervical Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) Identifier:
First received: September 15, 2003
Last updated: September 12, 2012
Last verified: September 2012

The purpose of this study is three-fold: 1) to examine the ability of the experimental drug tariquidar to improve chemotherapy results by blocking a protein (P-glycoprotein) on some cancer cells that acts to pump out cancer drugs; 2) examine how tariquidar interacts with the cancer drug docetaxel; and 3) evaluate the effectiveness of combination treatment with tariquidar and docetaxel in treating patients with lung, ovarian, or cervical cancer.

Patients 18 years of age and older with recurrent or metastatic (spreading) lung, cervical, or ovarian cancer who cannot benefit from any standard treatment may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with a medical history and physical examination; review of pathology slides; blood and urine tests; imaging tests, including computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans; chest x-ray, electrocardiogram (EKG); and possibly echocardiogram.

Participants will undergo the following tests and procedures:

Blood draw. Blood is drawn before treatment begins to establish baseline levels for future blood tests. Blood counts are done twice weekly after chemotherapy begins.

Central venous catheter placement. A plastic tube is put into a major vein in the chest. It is used to give the study drugs or other medications, including antibiotics and blood transfusions, if needed, and to withdraw blood samples. The line is usually placed under local anesthesia in the radiology department or the operating room. It can stay in the body for months or be removed after each treatment is completed.

Chemotherapy. Treatment cycles are 21 days. Both drugs are given on day 1 of each cycle. First, tariquidar is given as a 30-minute infusion. One hour after the tariquidar infusion, docetaxel is infused over 1 hour. (For the first cycle only, docetaxel is given in divided doses one week apart and tariquidar is administered on either day 1 or day 8. The order of tariquidar administration is randomized to generate optimal pharmacokinetic data. Patients will be hospitalized for several days during this cycle to gather research data). The tariquidar dose remains the same throughout the study. Docetaxel may be increased or decreased from cycle to cycle, based on side effects.

Condition Intervention Phase
Lung Neoplasms
Ovarian Neoplasms
Cervix Neoplasms
Renal Neoplasms
Drug: docetaxel
Drug: tariquidar
Other: 99mTc-sestamibi imaging
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Clinical Trial of the P-Glycoprotein Antagonist, Tariquidar (XR9576), in Combination With Docetaxel in Patients With Lung, Ovarian, Renal and Cervical Cancer: Analysis of the Interaction Between Tariquidar and Docetaxel

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Geometric Mean of Maximum Concentration of the Drug (Cmax) [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    In the first cycle patients were to receive docetaxel on days 1 and 8 and to be randomized to receive tariquidar on either day 1 or 8. Thus pharmacokinetic data with and without tariquidar can be compared.

  • The Number of Participants With Adverse Events. [ Time Frame: 4 yrs 8-11 months ]
    Here are the total number of participants with adverse events. For the detailed list of adverse events see the adverse event module.

  • Geometric Mean of Area Under Curve (AUC0)-24 [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
  • Clinical Response Rate [ Time Frame: 4 years, 8-11 months ]
    Response is determined by RECIST criteria defined as changes in only the largest diameter (unidimensional measurement) of the tumor lesion. Lesions are either measurable or non-measurable. Measurable lesions are defined as those that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >/- 20 mm with conventional techniques (CT, MRI, xray) or as >/- 10 mm with a spiral CT scan. Non-measurable lesions are defined as all other lesions (or sites of disease) including small lesions (longest diameter <20 mm with conventional techniques or <10 mm using spiral CT.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent Increase in Sestamibi Area Under Curve (AUC) in Liver After Tariquidar [ Time Frame: 3 - 24 hours ]
    A significant change in the area under the curve(AUC) in liver tissue (normal tissue as a surrogate) is defined as P<0.001. A secondary objective of this study was to establish whether tariquidar (150 mg) modulates Pgp in liver. Sestamibi is a Pgp substrate that may be a surrogate for measuring drug efflux from tumors. A baseline Tc-sestamibi scan was obtained before the administration of tariquidar. A minimum of 48 hours later, on or about day 22 a single dose of tariquidar was administered, followed by a second Tc-sestamibi scan.

  • Percent Increase in Sestamibi Area Under Curve (AUC) in Tumor Tissue [ Time Frame: 3-24 hours ]
    99mTc-sestamibi is a radionuclide imaging agent used to study cardiac function that has also been shown to be a substrate for P-glycoprotein- mediated drug efflux. Because of the high expression of Pgp in liver tissue, sestamibi uptake in liver tissue is often monitored as a marker of Pgp inhibition. A significant change in the area under the curve(AUC) in liver tissue (normal tissue as a surrogate) is defined as P<0.001.

Enrollment: 48
Study Start Date: September 2003
Study Completion Date: December 2009
Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Pts who received docetaxel on day 1, 8, & tariquidar day 8,22
Patients receive 40 mg/m^2 docetaxel intravenous (IV) over 1 hour on days 1 and 8 and 150 mg tariquidar intravenous (IV) over 30 minutes on days 8 and 22. From cycle 2 and onward 75 mg/m^2 docetaxel was administered every 21 days in combination with a single 150 mg dose.
Drug: docetaxel
Patients receive docetaxel intravenous (IV) over 1 hour on days 1 and 8.
Other Name: Taxotere
Drug: tariquidar
Patients receive tariquidar intravenous (IV) over 30 minutes on days 8 and 22.
Other Name: XR9576
Other: 99mTc-sestamibi imaging
Bolus injection of 29 mCi of 99mTc-sestamibi intravenously for each imaging study.
Other Name: Cardiolite
Experimental: Pts who received docetaxel on days 1, 8, & tariquidar day 1,22
Patients receive docetaxel intravenous (IV) over 1 hour on days 1 and 8 and tariquidar intravenous (IV) over 30 minutes on days 1 and 22.
Drug: docetaxel
Patients receive docetaxel intravenous (IV) over 1 hour on days 1 and 8.
Other Name: Taxotere
Drug: tariquidar
Patients receive tariquidar intravenous (IV) over 30 minutes on days 8 and 22.
Other Name: XR9576
Other: 99mTc-sestamibi imaging
Bolus injection of 29 mCi of 99mTc-sestamibi intravenously for each imaging study.
Other Name: Cardiolite

Detailed Description:
Intrinsic and acquired drug resistance remain major obstacles in the treatment of cancer. Accumulating evidence indicates that in some malignancies P-glycoprotein (Pgp) can confer resistance, and that its reversal can improve therapeutic outcome. Clinical trials investigating Pgp antagonists have been hampered by the occurrence of unpredictable pharmacokinetic interactions, which have required dose reductions of the chemotherapeutic agents to avert excessive toxicity. Tariquidar (XR9576) is a new Pgp antagonist that is more potent and has prolonged activity. Phase I trials with paclitaxel, vinorelbine, and docetaxel have demonstrated that tariquidar (XR9576) has minimal pharmacokinetic interactions while surrogate studies have confirmed in vivo inhibition of Pgp-mediated drug transport.This study seeks to determine the pharmacokinetic interaction, if any between docetaxel and tariquidar and to evaluate the potential for activity in lung, ovarian, primary peritoneal, fallopian tube and cervical cancers. Renal cell cancer has been added in a 3/1/06 amendment. The secondary goal is to evaluate the impact of tariquidar on uptake of (99m)Tc-sestamibi in recurrent or metastatic tumors of patients with lung, ovarian, renal or cervical cancer.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must fulfill all of the following criteria to be eligible for study admission:
  • Age greater than or equal to 18 years.
  • Histologic or cytologic confirmation of lung, cervical, or ovarian cancer, following at least one standard treatment regimen, and for which there is no known standard therapy capable of extending life expectancy. Female patients with primary papillary carcinoma of the peritoneum and fallopian tube cancers will be included in the latter group, as the disease entities are closely associated with epithelial ovarian carcinoma, can be difficult to distinguish, have a similar epithelial origin, and are treated in an identical manner.
  • Histologic or cytologic confirmation of renal cell carcinoma (clear cell, type 1 and type II papillary chromophobe, collecting duct and medullary). Patients should have received either sunitinib or sorafenib, unless deemed ineligible for treatment with either agent. In addition,patient should either: (a) have received IL-2; (b) have been evaluated for therapy with Interleukin-2 (IL- 2) and deemed to be ineligible; or (c) have been evaluated for therapy with IL2 and refused treatment.
  • Performance status: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-2
  • Life expectancy of 3 months or greater.
  • Suitable candidate for receiving planned therapy as evidenced by screening laboratory assessments hematologic, renal hepatic, and metabolic functions, platelet count greater than or equal to 90,000/mL, absolute granulocyte count(AGC) greater than or equal to 1,500/mL, serum creatinine greater than or equal to 1,500/mL, serum creatine less than or equal to 1.5 mg/dl )or if greater than 1.5 a measured 24 hour creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 50 mL/min) and serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) less than or equal to 2.5 x normal limit (NL) and bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 x NL (in patients with clinical evidence of Gilbert's disease,less than or equal to 3 x NL).
  • Patients must be greater than or equal to 4 weeks prior radiation or chemotherapy, greater than 2 weeks from hormonal therapy; greater than 4 weeks from prior experimental therapy; greater than 6 weeks from mitomycin C; and greater than 8 weeks from prior UCN01 treatment.
  • No serious intercurrent medical illness.
  • Measurable disease by radiographic means or physical examination. For ovarian cancer, assessable disease by cancer antigen 125 (CA125) measurement is allowed.
  • Willingness to sign a written consent form, and to comply with the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The following patient populations are not eligible for this study.
  • Pregnant or nursing women are not eligible; women of childbearing age must agree to use an effective method of contraception. Pregnant women are not eligible because of teratogenic effects of chemotherapy.
  • The presence of a second malignancy that has not received primary treatment or would complicate the primary objective of this study.
  • Patients who are poor medical risk because of active, uncontrolled infection or other nonmalignant systemic disease.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive patients. Patients infected with the HIV virus will be excluded from this trial because the effect of the combination of tariquidar and docetaxel on HIV replication and/or the immune system is unknown and potentially harmful.
  • Patients receiving agents which have major interactions with the cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4)drug metabolizing system and which cannot be discontinued may not be included in the trial.
  • Untreated brain metastases (or local treatment of brain metastases within the last 6 months) due to the poor prognosis of these patients and difficulty ascertaining the cause of neurologic toxicities.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00069160

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Susan E Bates, M.D. NCI, NIH
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Susan E. Bates, National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH) Identifier: NCT00069160     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00072202
Other Study ID Numbers: 030284  03-C-0284  030284 
Study First Received: September 15, 2003
Results First Received: June 30, 2011
Last Updated: September 12, 2012

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Multidrug Resistance Reversal
Molecular Target
P-Glycoprotein Inhibition
Lung Cancer
Ovarian Cancer
Cervical Cancer
Renal Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Ovarian Neoplasms
Kidney Neoplasms
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Urologic Neoplasms
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators processed this record on February 17, 2017