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Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Malignant Glioma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00068510
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 11, 2003
Last Update Posted : October 2, 2015
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Vaccines made from a person's white blood cells mixed with tumor proteins may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of vaccine therapy in treating patients with malignant glioma.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Biological: therapeutic autologous dendritic cells Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the dose-limiting toxicity and maximum tolerated dose of autologous tumor lysate-pulsed dendritic cells in patients with malignant gliomas.
  • Determine survival, tumor progression, and cellular immune response in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients undergo leukapheresis for the collection of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Autologous dendritic cells (DC) are prepared from autologous PBMC exposed to sargramostim (GM-CSF) and interleukin-4 and pulsed with autologous tumor lysate. Patients receive autologous tumor lysate-pulsed DC intradermally on days 0, 14, and 28 in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 6-12 patients receive escalating doses of autologous tumor lysate-pulsed DC until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Patients are followed every 2 months for 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-18 patients will be accrued for this study within 9-18 months.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 28 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Dose Escalation Study of Autologous Tumor Lysate-Pulsed Dendritic Cell Immunotherapy for Malignant Gliomas
Study Start Date : June 2003
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2012


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: autologous tumor lysate-pulsed DC Biological: therapeutic autologous dendritic cells



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose Limiting Toxicity [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to tumor progression, overall survival and cellular immune responses in brain tumor patients injected with tumor lysate pulsed dendritic cells [ Time Frame: 2 years ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Eligibility Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of one of the following malignant gliomas:
  • Anaplastic astrocytoma
  • Glioblastoma multiforme
  • Anaplastic oligodendroglioma
  • Malignant mixed oligoastrocytoma
  • WHO grade III or IV disease
  • Newly diagnosed disease
  • Bidimensionally measurable disease by contrast-enhancing MRI
  • Surgically accessible tumor for which resection is indicated
  • Previously treated with or plan to undergo treatment with conventional external beam radiotherapy
  • Age 18 and over
  • Performance status Karnofsky 60-100%
  • Life expectancy at least 8 weeks
  • Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL
  • Absolute granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • SGOT and SGPT no greater than 2 times normal
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times normal
  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • Hepatitis B negative
  • Hepatitis C negative
  • BUN no greater than 1.5 times normal
  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times normal
  • HIV negative
  • Syphilis serology negative
  • Afebrile
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • At least 2 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas) and recovered.
  • At least 2 weeks since prior corticosteroids
  • At least 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered
  • More than 72 hours since prior systemic antibiotics

Exclusion Criteria:

  • active infection
  • immunodeficiency
  • autoimmune disease that may be exacerbated by immunotherapy, including any of the following:
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Vasculitis
  • Polymyositis-dermatomyositis
  • Scleroderma
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Juvenile-onset insulin-dependent diabetes
  • allergy to study agents
  • pregnant or nursing
  • underlying condition that would contraindicate study therapy
  • concurrent severe or unstable medical condition that would preclude giving informed consent
  • psychiatric condition that would preclude study participation or giving informed consent
  • other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, localized prostate cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • concurrent chemotherapy during and for 2 weeks after administration of study vaccine
  • concurrent corticosteroids prior organ allograft
  • antihistamine therapy within 5 days before or after administration of study vaccine
  • other concurrent investigational agents
  • concurrent adjuvant therapy during and for 2 weeks after administration of study vaccine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00068510


Locations
United States, California
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-1781
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Linda M. Liau, MD, PhD Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00068510     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000327711
P30CA016042 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UCLA-0304053
First Posted: September 11, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 2, 2015
Last Verified: August 2013

Keywords provided by Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center:
adult glioblastoma
adult anaplastic astrocytoma
adult brain tumor
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma
adult anaplastic oligodendroglioma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glioma
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases