Cyclophosphamide, Rituximab, and Either Prednisone or Methylprednisolone in Treating Patients With Lymphoproliferative Disease After Solid Organ Transplantation
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00066469|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 7, 2003
Results First Posted : January 17, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 6, 2019
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy such as cyclophosphamide, prednisone, and methylprednisolone use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies such as rituximab can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Combining cyclophosphamide and either prednisone or methylprednisolone with rituximab may be effective in treating lymphoproliferative disease following organ transplantation.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining cyclophosphamide and either prednisone or methylprednisolone with rituximab in treating patients who have Epstein-Barr virus-positive lymphoproliferative disease following organ transplantation.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Lymphoproliferative Disorder||Biological: rituximab Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: methylprednisolone Drug: prednisone||Phase 2|
- Determine the safety and toxicity of cyclophosphamide, rituximab, and prednisone or methylprednisolone in patients with CD20-positive and Epstein-Barr virus-positive post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) after solid organ transplantation.
- Determine the 2-year event-free survival, defined as alive and in continuous complete remission with a functioning original allograft, of patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine the response rate in patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine the PTLD gene expression profile by microarray analysis and fluorescent in situ hybridization in patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine the accrual rate of patients to this study.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1 and oral prednisone or methylprednisolone IV twice daily on days 1-5. During courses 1 and 2 only, patients also receive rituximab IV over 2-5 hours on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression, a new primary or secondary malignancy, or unrelated disease.
After finishing study treatment, patients are followed periodically for at least 5 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 60 patients (50 with non-fulminant post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease [PTLD] and 10 fulminant PTLD) will be accrued for this study within 2.5-3 years.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||55 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of Cyclophosphamide, Prednisone and Rituximab (CPR) in Children, Adolescents and Young Adults With B-lymphocyte Antigen CD20 (CD20) Positive Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disease (PTLD) Following Solid Organ Transplantation (SOT)|
|Study Start Date :||April 2004|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||October 1, 2009|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 31, 2013|
Experimental: Cyclophosphamide, prednisone, rituximab
Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1 and oral prednisone or methylprednisolone IV twice daily on days 1-5. During courses 1 and 2 only, patients also receive rituximab IV over 2-5 hours on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression, a new primary or secondary malignancy, or unrelated disease
Cycles 1 and 2 only: Given IV Incremental: First dosage: < 21 years of age: 0.5mg/kg/hr (maximum of 50 mg/hr) for the 1st hour ≥ 21 years of age: 50 mg/hr for the 1st hour. Subsequent dosages: < 21 years of age: 1.0mg/kg/hr (maximum of 50 mg/hr) for the 1st hour ≥ 21 years of age: 100 mg/hr for the 1st hour. Days 1, 8 and 15.
Given IV over 30-60 minutes Dose 600 mg/m2 in 50-250 mL of normal saline (NS) or Dextrose-Water 5%(D5W) (at a maximum concentration of 20 mg/ml) over 30-60 minutes on day 1 of each cycle
Methylprednisolone 0.8 mg/kg IV over 12 hours on days 1,2,3,4 and 5 of each cycle.
Dosage 1 mg/kg orally every 12 hours on days 1,2,3,4 and 5 of each cycle. Oral prednisone may be rounded up to the nearest 2.5 mg as necessary for tablet size
- Event-free Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Alive in continuous complete remission with functioning original allograft. The Event Free Survival (EFS) will be estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00066469
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|Study Chair:||Thomas G. Gross, MD, PhD||Nationwide Children's Hospital|