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Intrathecal Mafosfamide

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00062881
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 18, 2003
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Susan Blaney, Baylor College of Medicine

Brief Summary:

This research study is an investigational treatment with the experimental drug Mafosfamide. This treatment is only for children with cancer that has spread to the meninges (tissues that cover the spinal column and brain) and has continued to grow despite treatment with standard therapy.

Mafosfamide is a drug reported to have antitumor effects in animals and that has been given safely into the cerebrospinal fluid (the fluid within and surrounding the brain) in a small number of children and adults. Since there is limited experience in adults and children in giving mafosfamide in this way, the main purpose of this study is to determine the appropriate safe dose of mafosfamide when given intrathecally, that is directly into the cerebrospinal fluid.

The purposes for this study are to (a) determine what dose of mafosfamide can be safely given into the cerebrospinal fluid through an Ommaya reservoir (surgically implanted catheters used to sample cerebrospinal fluid and to instill medication into the cerebrospinal fluid) and lumbar puncture (spinal tap) or lumbar reservoir; (b) look for side effects of drug treatment; (c) to study the pharmacology (how the human body handles the drug) when given directly into the spinal fluid; and (d) see if this drug is beneficial to the patient.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malignant Meningeal Neoplasms Drug: Intrathecal Mafosfamide Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Mafosfamide is given directly into the cerebrospinal fluid twice a week for six successive weeks. If after six weeks the disease has not shown any evidence of progression (tumor growth) patients will continue to receive intrathecal (I.T.) mafosfamide once a week for one month, followed by twice monthly (every other week) for four months, followed by once a month. Patients may continue to receive mafosfamide as long as unacceptable side effects do not occur and there is no growth of the tumor.

Patients will have a weekly physical exam and blood tests. The cerebrospinal fluid will be tested each time they receive drug for the presence of cancer cells. If the patient has an Ommaya reservoir (a surgically implanted catheter that is used to sample cerebrospinal fluid from the fluid chambers in the head and to install medication into the cerebrospinal fluid) then the doctor may recommend that they receive one dose of mafosfamide through the Ommaya reservoir and the next dose via lumbar puncture (spinal tap) or lumbar reservoir. A lumbar reservoir is a catheter that is surgically implanted into the lower back. This catheter is used to sample cerebrospinal fluid and to install medication into the cerebrospinal fluid.

All patients must be observed for a minimum of eight hours after the first dose of intrathecal mafosfamide. If the first dose is well tolerated (there are no major side effects), further doses of mafosfamide will be administered with close observation for at least two hours after administration during the first six weeks of drug administration. Administration of the mafosfamide and sampling of the cerebrospinal fluid from the Ommaya reservoir, lumbar reservoir, or spinal tap takes about 30 minutes. In addition, after mafosfamide has been given by lumbar puncture, patients must remain lying down on their stomach for one hour.

In patients who have Ommaya reservoirs or lumbar catheters, samples of spinal fluid will be taken from the reservoirs following the first two doses of mafosfamide. For each series of tests, a total of eight spinal fluid samples will be taken with a needle from the Ommaya reservoir over a period of 24 hours after the dose. A spinal tap will be also be performed two hours after the dose on these two days. If you have a lumbar reservoir, eight spinal fluid samples will be taken with a needle from the Ommaya reservoir, over a period of 24 hours after the dose. These samples of cerebrospinal fluid will be used to measure the amount of mafosfamide found in the cerebrospinal fluid at the time they are drawn. This will help us understand how the body handles mafosfamide.

For patients with leukemia, a bone marrow aspiration (taking some bone marrow out of the pelvis bone) is necessary before receiving intrathecal mafosfamide. This is to make sure that there is no cancer in the bone marrow.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 65 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Intrathecal Mafosfamide
Study Start Date : June 1990
Study Completion Date : September 2005

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Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
  • Over 3 years of age with meningeal malignancies that are progressive or refractory to conventional therapy. Patients with meningeal malignancies secondary to an underlying solid tumor are eligible at initial diagnosis if there is no conventional therapy.
  • Patients with leukemia, lymphoma, or other solid tumor who also have overt meningeal involvement by their tumor.
  • Must have a life expectancy of at least 8 weeks and an ECOG performance status of 2 or better.
  • Must sign an informed consent indicating that they are aware of the investigational nature of this study.
  • Patients must have recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior intrathecal chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy, prior to entering this study and must be without significant systemic illness (e.g. infection). Patients must not have received any CNS therapy within 1 week prior to starting treatment on this study or craniospinal irradiation within 8 weeks prior to starting treatment on this study. Patients must not have received intrathecal chemotherapy within 1 week (2 weeks if prior DTC101).
  • Must not have clinically significant abnormalities with regard to liver function, renal function or metabolic parameters (electrolytes, calcium and phosphorus).
  • Durable Power of Attorney (DPA): A DPA must be offered to all patients ≥ 18 years of age.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Receiving other therapy (either intrathecal or systemic) designed specifically to treat their meningeal malignancy are not eligible for this study. However, patients receiving concomitant chemotherapy to control systemic or bulk CNS disease will be eligible, provided the systemic chemotherapy is not a phase I agent, an agent which significantly penetrates the CNS (e.g., high dose methotrexate, (> 1 gm/m2), thiotepa, high dose cytarabine, (> 2 gm/m2 per day), 5-fluorouracil, intravenous 6-mercaptopurine or topotecan), or an agent known to have serious unpredictable CNS side effects.
  • Clinical evidence of obstructive hydrocephalus or compartmentalization of the CSF flow as documented by a radioisotope Indium111 or Technitium99-DTPA flow study are not eligible for this protocol. If a CSF flow block or compartmentalization is demonstrated, focal radiotherapy to the site of block to restore flow and a repeat CSF flow study showing clearing of the blockage is required for the patient to be eligible for the study.
  • Patients who have leukemia or lymphoma and a concomitant bone marrow relapse.
  • Women of childbearing age must not be pregnant or lactating.
  • Patients must not have received any other systemic investigational agent within 14 days prior to, or during, study treatment. The 14 day period should be extended if the patient received any investigational agent which is known to have delayed toxicities after 14 days. Patients must not have received any other intrathecal investigational within 7 days prior to, or during, study treatment. The 7 day period should be extended if the patient received any investigational agent which is known to have delayed toxicities after 7 days or a prolonged half-life.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00062881

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United States, California
Children'sHospital Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90027
United States, District of Columbia
Children's Hospital National Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010
United States, Florida
Mayo Clinic
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224
United States, Georgia
Children's Healthcare of Atlanta
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30342
United States, Maryland
Pediatric Branch, National Cancer Institute
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
United States, Texas
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Texas Children's Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Vermont
Neurological Research Center
Bennington, Vermont, United States, 05210
United States, Washington
Children's Hospital and Medical Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98105
Sponsors and Collaborators
Baylor College of Medicine
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Responsible Party: Susan Blaney, Professor, Pediatrics-Hema & Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine Identifier: NCT00062881    
Other Study ID Numbers: H3241
I.T. Mafosfamide
First Posted: June 18, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2020
Last Verified: March 2020
Keywords provided by Susan Blaney, Baylor College of Medicine:
Solid Tumor
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Meningeal Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents