Cyclophosphamide and Fludarabine Followed By Interleukin-2 Gene-Modified Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00062036|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 6, 2003
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy such as cyclophosphamide and fludarabine use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Inserting the gene for interleukin-2 into a person's tumor infiltrating lymphocytes may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Combining cyclophosphamide and fludarabine with gene-modified tumor cells may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of gene-modified tumor infiltrating lymphocytes when given together with cyclophosphamide and fludarabine and to see how well they work in patients with metastatic melanoma (phase I is closed to accrual 3/29/06).
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Melanoma (Skin)||Biological: aldesleukin Biological: filgrastim Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant Biological: interleukin-2 gene Biological: therapeutic tumor infiltrating lymphocytes Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: fludarabine phosphate||Phase 1 Phase 2|
- Determine the survival of patients with metastatic melanoma administered interleukin-2 gene-modified tumor infiltrating lymphocytes after cyclophosphamide and fludarabine.
- Compare survival results with prior Surgery Branch studies using adoptive cell therapy without the interleukin-2 retroviral vector (SBIL-2) gene.
- Determine clinical tumor regression in patients administered interleukin-2 gene-modified TIL after cyclophosphamide and fludarabine followed by interleukin-2.
- Determine the toxicity profile of this regimen in these patients.
Phase I (closed to accrual as of 3/29/06):
- Harvest: TIL are harvested, transduced with IL-2 gene, and expanded in vitro over a period of approximately 4 weeks.
- Nonmyeloablative preparative regimen (chemotherapy): Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -7 and -6 and fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days -5 to -1.
- Lymphocyte administration: Patients receive IL-2 gene-transduced TIL IV over 20-30 minutes on day 0. They also receive high-dose IL-2 IV over 15 minutes every 8 hours on days 0 -5 (maximum 15 doses). Beginning 1-2 days after lymphocyte administration, patients receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) daily, , until blood counts recover.
Retreatment: Patients are re-evaluated every 4-6 weeks. Retreatment depends on disease status after each regimen. Patients with dose-limiting toxicity do not receive further treatment.
- No response: Patients with stable disease or disease progression after the initial treatment are followed or removed from the study.
- Partial response: Patients with a partial or minor response after the initial treatment may receive retreatment, approximately 2-4 weeks later, with chemotherapy, IL-2 gene-transduced TIL, immunization, and high-dose IL-2 as above, every 4-6 weeks for up to 2 courses provided at least a partial response is documented after each regimen.
- Complete response: Patients with a complete response receive no further treatment.
- Phase II: Patients receive treatment and retreatment as in phase I with the MTD of IL-2 gene-transduced TIL.
Patients are followed every 3-6 weeks in the absence disease progression.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 33 patients will be accrued for this study.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||33 participants|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TIL Cells) Transduced With An Interleukin-2 (SBIL-2) Gene Following The Administration Of A Nonmyeloablative But Lymphocyte Depleting Regimen in Metastatic Melanoma|
|Study Start Date :||June 2003|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 2007|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||September 2008|
- Clinical tumor regression
- Toxicity profile
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00062036
|United States, Maryland|
|Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Trials Referral Office|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892-1182|
|NCI - Center for Cancer Research|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Steven A. Rosenberg, MD, PhD||NCI - Surgery Branch|