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Zidovudine Levels in HIV Infected Patients Being Treated for HCV

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00059358
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 24, 2003
Last Update Posted : August 7, 2009
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
This study will test the amount of anti-HIV drugs in the blood cells of HIV-infected patients who are also being treated for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Hepatitis C Drug: Ribavirin plus interferon alfa-2b Drug: Ribavirin Drug: Peginterferon alfa-2b Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

An estimated 50,000 people in Puerto Rico are infected with HCV. HIV and HCV have similar routes of transmission, and HCV co-infection occurs in 8% to 23% of HIV infected patients. Researchers have shown that treatment for HCV with Rebetron (ribavirin plus interferon alfa-2b) significantly decreases HCV viral load without affecting HIV viral load. However, measurements of intracellular levels of the active forms of zidovudine (ZDV-MP and ZDV-TP) were not performed. Such measurements are needed to provide a more rational basis for dosing in HIV/HCV co-infected patients. This study will investigate the intracellular exposure to active ZDV metabolites prior to and after treatment with Rebetron or treatment with PEG-Intron (pegylated interferon) and ribavirin.

Participants in this study will remain on their usual antiretroviral regimen; no changes may be made to that regimen for the first 4 weeks of the study. Upon study entry, participants will have intracellular pharmacokinetic studies. During Week 2, participants will start either Rebetron or PEG-Intron plus ribavirin therapy, will have intracellular pharmacokinetic studies, and will undergo liver biopsy. Additional intracellular pharmacokinetic studies will be performed at Weeks 12 and 24. Rebetron or PEG-Intron plus ribavirin will be given for 48 weeks. A second liver biopsy will be performed 24 weeks after discontinuing Rebetron or PEG-Intron plus ribavirin therapy. Participants will be followed for 72 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 16 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pharmacological Interactions Between Zidovudine and Ribavirin in HCV-HIV Co-Infected Patients Treated With Rebetron or Peg-Intron Plus Ribavirin
Study Start Date : September 2001
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2005
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Participants will begin receive either Rebetron or PEG-Intron plus ribavirin therapy from Weeks 2 through 48
Drug: Ribavirin plus interferon alfa-2b
Oral tablets taken daily

Drug: Ribavirin
Oral tablet taken daily

Drug: Peginterferon alfa-2b
Subcutaneous injection

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Steady state area under the concentration time curve (AUC) between 0 and 12 hours of zidovudine (ZDV)-MP, ZDV-TP, and dTTP in PBMCs from HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfected patients before and after peginterferon alfa-2b with or without ribavirin [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]
  2. Systemic exposure (AUC over 0 to 12 hours) of nelfinavir before and after peginterferon alfa-2b with or without ribavirin in HIV and HCV coinfected patients [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]
  3. Effect of peginterferon alfa-2b with or without ribavirin in HCV RNA viral titers, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, CD4+, and HIV-RNA viral titers in HIV and HCV coinfected patients [ Time Frame: Through Week 48 ]
  4. Effect of peginterferon alfa-2b with or without ribavirin on liver histology [ Time Frame: At Week 72 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

  • HCV-infected
  • HIV-1 infection
  • CD4 cell count > 200 cells/mm³ within 30 days prior to study entry
  • HIV RNA < 400 copies/ml within 90 days of study entry
  • Use of zidovudine, lamivudine, and any PI and/or NNRTI
  • ANC value >= 1,500 ml³ within 30 days of study entry
  • Weight > 50 kg (110 lbs) for women and > 60 kg (132 lbs) for men
  • Acceptable methods of contraception
  • Ability and willingness to complete the Baseline Adherence Questionnaire
  • Documentation of adherence confirmed by the Baseline Adherence Questionnaire and certified by the study officials

Exclusion Criteria

  • Previous ribavirin therapy
  • More than 2 months of interferon therapy
  • Current use of any NRTI other than ZDV and 3TC
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen positive
  • Infectious, autoimmune, tumoral, biliary, or vascular liver disease
  • Alcohol consumption of more than 50 g/day
  • Current use of intravenous drugs
  • Hemoglobin levels < 10 gm/dl
  • Methadone use
  • Chemotherapy
  • Certain medications
  • Acute opportunistic or bacterial infection requiring therapy at the time of enrollment
  • Hemoglobinopathy (e.g., thalassemia) or any other cause of tendency to hemolysis
  • Psychiatric disorders, severe depression, history of suicide attempts, or suicidal ideation
  • Renal disease requiring dialysis
  • Significant coronary diseases or two or more risk factors for coronary diseases, such as > 55 years old, hypertension, and cholesterol > 250 mg/dl
  • Any clinically significant diseases (other than HIV and HCV infection) that, in the opinion of study officials, would compromise the outcome of this study
  • Pregnancy
  • Participation in blinded clinical trial

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00059358

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Puerto Rico
San Juan, Puerto Rico, 00936-5067
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Principal Investigator: Jose F. Rodriguez, PhD MSC-UPR
Principal Investigator: Jorge L. Santana, MD MSC-UPR

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Responsible Party: Jose F. Rodriguez, PhD, MSC-UPR Identifier: NCT00059358     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1R01AI09141-01A1
5R01AI049141-02 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 24, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 7, 2009
Last Verified: August 2009

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Treatment experienced

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Virus Diseases
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Hepatitis C
HIV Infections
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Interferon alpha-2
Peginterferon alfa-2b
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors