Prevention of Recurrent Hepatitis B After Liver Transplantation

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) Identifier:
First received: April 22, 2003
Last updated: January 12, 2010
Last verified: January 2010
Hepatitis B accounts for approximately 5000 deaths per year in the United States. Liver transplantation offers the only hope for patients who develop end-stage liver disease. Early results of liver transplantation for hepatitis B were poor with recurrence rate of 80% and 1-year survival of only 50%. Recent studies found that preventive therapy using hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) or antiviral medications such as lamivudine can reduce the recurrence rate to roughly 30% with accompanying improvement in survival. However, HBIG when given as intravenous infusion in high doses is very expensive, while long-term use of lamivudine is associated with drug resistance. Some studies found that preventive therapy using both HBIG and lamivudine may decrease recurrence rate to less than 10% but the dose and duration of HBIG needed when used in combination with lamivudine is not clear. Adefovir, a new antiviral medication, is effective against lamivudine resistant hepatitis B but its role in liver transplantation is uncertain because of the risk of kidney damage. Many studies showed that the risk of recurrent hepatitis B is related to the viral load before transplant. Thus, it may be possible to tailor the preventive therapy according to the risk. The aim of this study is to establish the most cost-effective preventive therapy for recurrent hepatitis B after liver transplantation.

Condition Intervention
Hepatitis B
Acute Liver Failure
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Drug: HBIG, Epivir, Hepsera

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Prevention of Recurrent Hepatitis B After Liver Transplantation

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK):

Estimated Enrollment: 500
Study Start Date: June 2001

Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
  • Patients awaiting or had received liver or combined liver-kidney transplantation for hepatitis B including hepatitis B cirrhosis, hepatitis B liver cancer and fulminant hepatitis B.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00059267

United States, Michigan
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
  More Information Identifier: NCT00059267     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NIH HBV-OLT (completed) 
Study First Received: April 22, 2003
Last Updated: January 12, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Liver Failure
Liver Failure, Acute
DNA Virus Infections
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Enterovirus Infections
Hepadnaviridae Infections
Hepatic Insufficiency
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Liver Diseases
Liver Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases processed this record on May 24, 2016