Autologous T Cell Immunotherapy for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00058656
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 10, 2003
Last Update Posted : November 22, 2006
Information provided by:
Xcyte Therapies

Brief Summary:
Patients will have immune cells collected and then expanded outside of the body. Patients will receive an infusion of a large number of expanded immune cells. There will be three dose levels studied. The goal of the study will be to determine the safety as well as potential efficacy of this treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Procedure: Infusion of Activated & Expanded Autologous T Cells Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a Phase I/II single arm dose escalation study of a novel T cell immunotherapy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Patients will receive one dose of Xcellerated T Cells(tm), an ex vivo activated and expanded autologous T cell product, in an attempt to enhance immune responses with anti-tumor activity. This study is being conducted to test the safety and determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of Xcellerated T Cells in patients with CLL. In addition, lymphocyte counts, lymph node area, and quantitative immunoglobulins will be assessed for preliminary evidence of a therapeutic effect. In correlative studies, changes in the phenotype of T and B lymphocytes will be evaluated by flow cytometry. Changes in T cell repertoire and anti-tumor immune activity will also be assessed. It is expected that 12 to 18 patients will be treated.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study of Xcellerated T Cells(tm) in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
Study Start Date : March 2003

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria:

  • Diagnosis of CLL at any time in the past, as defined by all of the following:

> 5 x 109 peripheral blood lymphocytes/L which are positive for CD5 and one or more B cell markers (CD19, CD20, CD23).

< 55% of lymphocytes identified as prolymphocytes

  • Intermediate or High Risk disease as defined by the Modified 3-stage system
  • Patients with Intermediate Risk (Rai Stages I and II) must have active disease, as determined by one or more of the following criteria:

    1. One or more of the following disease related symptoms i. Weight loss > 10% within the previous 6 months ii. Fevers of greater than 100.5°F for > 2 weeks iii. Night sweats without evidence of infection
    2. Massive (i.e. > 6 cm below the left costal margin) or progressive splenomegaly
    3. Massive lymph nodes or clusters (i.e. > 10 cm in longest diameter) or progressive lymphadenopathy
    4. Progressive lymphocytosis with an increase of >50% over a 2-month period, or an anticipated doubling time of less than 12 months
  • T cells (CD3+) comprising > 1.5% and < 10 % of peripheral white blood cells as assessed by flow cytometry
  • CD4+/CD8+ of > 0.30, as assessed by flow cytometry
  • Age of at least 18 years
  • ECOG performance status of 0 to 2
  • Life expectancy 6 months
  • Able to comprehend and provide signed informed consent
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test and agree to use a medically accepted form of contraception from the time of initial screening through completion of the study

Exclusion Criteria

  • Evidence of Richter’s Syndrome, T cell CLL, prolymphocytic leukemia, hairy-cell leukemia, splenic lymphoma with villous lymphocytes, large granular lymphocytosis, Sezary-cell leukemia, adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, or leukemic manifestations of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Receipt of any chemotherapy, monoclonal antibody, investigational, or other systemic therapy for the treatment of CLL within 2 months prior to registration.
  • Receipt of glucocorticoids (with the exception of inhaled glucocorticoid steroids for the use of allergic rhinitis or pulmonary disease) within 2 months prior to registration
  • Receipt of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) within 1 month of registration
  • Registration for, or plans to participate in, any other clinical trial concurrently for the duration of this trial
  • History of malignancy other than CLL within five years of registration, except adequately treated basal or squamous cell skin cancer or in situ carcinoma of the cervix. Other exceptions must be approved by the Xcyte Therapies’ Medical Monitor prior to registration.
  • Infection requiring treatment with antibiotics, antifungal, or antiviral agents within seven days of registration
  • Liver disease or hepatitis as reflected by a serum bilirubin or ALT > 2.0 times the upper limit of normal laboratory range within 15 days of registration
  • Compromised renal function as reflected by a serum creatinine > 2 times the upper limit of normal laboratory range within 15 days of registration
  • History of autoimmune disease unrelated to CLL (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosis). Autoimmune disease related to CLL, e.g. idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) or autoimmune hemolytic anemia, is permitted if treatment with steroids has not been required in the two months prior to registration. Hypothyroidism without evidence of Grave’s Disease or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is permitted.
  • Major organ system dysfunction including (but not limited to): New York Heart Association Class III or IV (Appendix B, page 51), pulmonary disease requiring the use of inhaled steroids or bronchodilators, renal, hepatic, gastrointestinal, neurologic, or psychiatric dysfunction which would impair patient’s ability to participate in the trial
  • Evidence of infection with HIV 1 or 2, HTLV 1 or 2
  • Evidence of acute or active chronic Hepatitis B or C infection
  • Positive human anti-mouse antibody (HAMA) test as performed at the central reference laboratory designated by the sponsor

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00058656

United States, California
University of California, San Diego
San Diego, California, United States, 92093-0663
United States, Georgia
Atlanta Cancer Care
Roswell, Georgia, United States, 30076
United States, Maryland
Center for Cancer & Blood Disorders
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20817
United States, Texas
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Xcyte Therapies
Study Director: Mark Frohlich, MD Xcyte Therapies Identifier: NCT00058656     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: XT004
First Posted: April 10, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 22, 2006
Last Verified: January 2005

Keywords provided by Xcyte Therapies:
T Cell Therapy
Adoptive immunotherapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell