Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

Anti-Smoking Program for Parents: Effects on Child Smoking

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Identifier:
First received: March 26, 2003
Last updated: September 29, 2006
Last verified: July 2005
The purpose of this study is to determine whether an anti-smoking program for parents who smoke will lower the odds that their children will start smoking. The study will evaluate an activity-based program for parents and their children. The program is home-based and uses the mail for program delivery.

Condition Intervention
Behavioral: Anti-smoking Socialization Program

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
Official Title: Preventing Initiation of Smoking by Children

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Initiation of cigarette smoking -- 3 years post treatment

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Susceptibility for initiation of cigarette smoking -- 1 year post treatment

Estimated Enrollment: 1007
Study Start Date: September 1997
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2002
Detailed Description:

Youth whose parents smoke cigarettes are at high risk for early initiation of cigarette smoking, and youth who first smoke cigarettes during childhood are at high risk for subsequent addiction to tobacco. Parents influence their children's perceptions of the prevalence of smoking, the acceptability of smoking, the accessibility of cigarettes, and the personal and social consequences of smoking. All parents, including parents who smoke, can engage in anti-smoking socialization, which may lower children's risk of smoking.

Although there are some programs available that are directed at preventing initiation of smoking during childhood, none of these prevention programs engage parents who smoke in altering children's smoking-specific socialization. This study will evaluate a program to change smoking-specific socialization of children in households where parents smoke cigarettes.

Consenting volunteers will be randomly assigned to either treatment (anti-smoking socialization program) or control groups. Parents in the treatment group will participate in the "Smoke-free Kids" program and receive activity magazines, newsletters, and support calls. Parents in the control group will receive a fact sheet about youth smoking. Parents involved in the study will be assessed through a telephone interview 1 month after completion of the three-month anti-smoking program. Assenting children will complete surveys administered at school at 12, 24, and 36 months after completion of the anti-smoking program. Primary and secondary dependent variables include initiation of cigarette smoking and susceptibility to cigarette smoking by children. The child survey will also assess risk and protective factors.


Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria

  • Parents or guardians who smoke
  • Have children in the 3rd grade
  • Belong to participating school districts in North Carolina, South Carolina, or Colorado
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00056927

Sponsors and Collaborators
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Principal Investigator: Christine Jackson, Ph.D. Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00056927     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2R01HD36514-5
Study First Received: March 26, 2003
Last Updated: September 29, 2006

Keywords provided by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD):
Primary Prevention
Health Education
Parenting Education
Communication processed this record on May 25, 2017