COGNIShunt® System for Alzheimer's Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00056628
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 20, 2003
Last Update Posted : September 12, 2006
Information provided by:
National Institute on Aging (NIA)

Brief Summary:
This is a study of the effect on the progression of Alzheimer's Disease of a surgically implanted shunt (tube) to increase the flow of cerebrospinal fluid and improve the clearance of potential neurotoxins from the fluid bathing the brain.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alzheimer Disease Device: The COGNIShunt® System Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is the protective fluid that fills the empty spaces around the brain and spinal cord. CSF is naturally produced and absorbed, but with age abnormal metabolism and clearance of amyloid beta proteins can lead to accumulation of these proteins, resulting in plaque formation, a leading contributor to the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The shunt treatment is designed to drain CSF with these toxic elements from the skull and allow replenishment of normal CSF. This clinical study is designed to determine if this device will stop or slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease.

The COGNIShunt® System is a proprietary device designed to increase the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and improve clearance of putative neurotoxins from the CSF that are believed to contribute to the progression of Alzheimer's disease symptoms. This clinical study is designed to determine if this device will stop or slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease. The pivotal study is a prospective, randomized double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the effect of flow-regulated ventriculoperitoneal CSF drainage with the COGNIShunt® system on cognitive and clinical function in approximately 250 participants with Alzheimer's Disease (NINDS/ADRDA criteria). Study participants will be permitted to continue anti-dementia drug therapy if their drug regime has been stable for 3 months prior to entry. This is a two-part study. In Part I, participants will be randomized to receive either a functioning COGNIShunt® System (test/intervention group) or an occluded shunt (control/placebo group). The duration of Part I is nine months, to be followed by an extension phase of an additional 9 months, constituting Part II. During Part II, subjects with occluded shunts have the opportunity to receive a functioning COGNIShunt®, so that all study participants may have open devices during Part II. The total duration of the study is 18 months. Visits to the site include: for screening and baseline (may be done in one or two visits); surgery; and a visit the 1st, 3rd, 6th, 9th, 12th, 15th, and 18th month after surgery.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 250 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Study to Evaluate the Effect of Flow-Regulated Ventriculoperitoneal Shunting on Progression of Alzheimer's Disease: An Investigation of the Safety and Effectiveness of the COGNIShunt® CNS Shunt System
Study Start Date : January 2001
Study Completion Date : October 2004

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   62 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
  • Participants must meet National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Strokes, and Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association (NINDS/ADRDA) criteria of probable Alzheimer's disease of mild to moderate severity.
  • Age at inclusion into study is between 62 and 85 years. Age at onset of symptoms of Alzheimer's disease must be between 60 and 85 years of age.
  • Participants must have no systemic or other brain diseases that could explain deficits in memory or cognition.
  • Imaging studies must be consistent with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.
  • Hachinski Ischemic Rating Scale score of 4 or less.
  • Participants must have sufficient visual and auditory acuity and verbal communication skills to read and hear the testing materials and respond to questions.
  • Participants must be able to read and speak English.
  • Participants must have a responsible caregiver/informant willing to participate in the study.
  • Use of anti-dementia drugs is permitted if participants have been on a stable dose for at least 3 months prior to enrollment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Family history of early onset Alzheimer's disease.
  • History of recent acute myocardial infarction.
  • Unstable angina.
  • Participants receiving anticoagulants or anti-platelet agents.
  • History of malignancy, active systemic infections, clinically significant respiratory dysfunction and/or liver disease.
  • History of bleeding disorders, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus and/or hypothyroidism.
  • History of stroke.
  • Diagnosis of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus.
  • Chronic renal insufficiency.
  • History of severe head injury.
  • History of alcohol and/or drug abuse.
  • Positive FTA, low serum B12.
  • Participants exhibiting Parkinsonian signs.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00056628

Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Director: Dawn McGuire, MD, Chief Scientific Officer Eunoe, Inc. 643 Bair Island Road, Redwood City, CA 94063

Publications: Identifier: NCT00056628     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IA0040
Eunoe protocol ID 2000-01
IDE G970117
First Posted: March 20, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 12, 2006
Last Verified: October 2004

Keywords provided by National Institute on Aging (NIA):
Alzheimer disease
Ventriculoperitoneal shunt

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alzheimer Disease
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders