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FR901228 in Treating Children With Refractory or Recurrent Solid Tumors or Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00053963
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 6, 2003
Last Update Posted : January 16, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of FR901228 in treating children with refractory or recurrent solid tumors or leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Blastic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumor Childhood Choroid Plexus Tumor Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Childhood Craniopharyngioma Childhood Grade I Meningioma Childhood Grade II Meningioma Childhood Grade III Meningioma Childhood High-grade Cerebral Astrocytoma Childhood Infratentorial Ependymoma Childhood Low-grade Cerebral Astrocytoma Childhood Spinal Cord Neoplasm Childhood Supratentorial Ependymoma Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recurrent Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Childhood Brain Stem Glioma Recurrent Childhood Cerebellar Astrocytoma Recurrent Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma Recurrent Childhood Ependymoma Recurrent Childhood Medulloblastoma Recurrent Childhood Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Drug: romidepsin Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of FR901228 (depsipeptide) in pediatric patients with refractory or recurrent solid tumors.

II. Determine the dose-limiting toxic effects of this drug in these patients. III. Determine the pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients. IV. Assess tolerability of this drug at the solid tumor MTD in patients with refractory or recurrent leukemia.

V. Determine, preliminarily, the antitumor activity of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study.

Patients receive FR901228 (depsipeptide) IV over 4 hours on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients with solid tumors receive escalating doses of FR901228 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Cohorts of 3 patients (6 patients total) with leukemia receive FR901228 as above at the MTD.

Patients are followed for survival.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : September 2002
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2006

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive FR901228 (depsipeptide) IV over 4 hours on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: romidepsin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • FK228
  • FR901228
  • Istodax

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. MTD, defined as that dose at which fewer than one-third of patients experience DLT, graded according to the NCI CTC version 2.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed malignancy

    • Extracranial solid tumors or brain tumors*
    • Diagnosis of leukemia allowed after maximum tolerated dose is determined, including any of the following:

      • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
      • Acute myelogenous leukemia
      • Chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast crisis
  • Disease must be refractory to conventional therapy or no effective conventional therapy exists
  • CNS tumors resulting in neurological deficits must be stable for 2 weeks before study entry
  • Performance status - Karnofsky 60-100% (over 10 years old)
  • Performance status - Lansky 60-100% (10 years old and under)
  • At least 8 weeks
  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,000/mm^3 (for solid tumor patients without bone marrow involvement)
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3 (for solid tumor patients without bone marrow involvement; platelet transfusion independent) OR 20,000/mm^3 (for leukemia patients; platelet transfusion allowed)
  • Hemoglobin at least 8.0 g/dL (RBC transfusions allowed)
  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • ALT no greater than 5 times ULN
  • Albumin at least 2 g/dL
  • Glomerular filtration rate at least 70 mL/min
  • Creatinine based on age as follows:

    • No greater than 0.8 mg/dL (for patients 5 years of age and under)
    • No greater than 1.0 mg/dL (for patients 6 to 10 years of age)
    • No greater than 1.2 mg/dL (for patients 11 to 15 years of age)
    • No greater than 1.5 mg/dL (for patients over 15 years of age)
  • Calcium normal (with or without supplementation)
  • Shortening fraction at least 27% by echocardiogram OR ejection fraction at least 50% by MUGA
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia
  • QTc less than 450 msec
  • No evidence of dyspnea at rest
  • No exercise intolerance
  • Pulse oximetry greater than 94%
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 1 month after completion of study treatment
  • Magnesium and potassium normal (with or without supplementation)
  • No uncontrolled seizure disorder
  • No uncontrolled infection
  • No graft-vs-host disease
  • No seizure disorder unless well controlled and not on enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants
  • At least 1 week since prior growth factors
  • At least 3 weeks since prior biologic therapy or immunotherapy and recovered
  • At least 6 months since prior allogeneic stem cell transplantation
  • No concurrent routine prophylactic growth factors
  • At least 3 weeks since prior myelosuppressive chemotherapy (4 weeks for nitrosoureas) and recovered
  • No prior FR901228 (depsipeptide)
  • No other concurrent anticancer chemotherapy
  • Concurrent dexamethasone for CNS tumors allowed if on stable dose or decreasing dose for at least 1 week before study entry
  • Recovered from prior radiotherapy
  • At least 2 weeks since prior local palliative radiotherapy (small port)
  • At least 6 months since prior craniospinal radiotherapy or radiotherapy to at least 50% of pelvis
  • At least 6 weeks since other prior substantial bone marrow radiation
  • More than a 5 half-life washout period since prior and no concurrent medications associated with prolongation of QTc interval
  • No concurrent enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants
  • No concurrent hydrochlorothiazide
  • No other concurrent investigational drugs

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00053963

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United States, California
Children's Oncology Group
Arcadia, California, United States, 91006-3776
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Maryam Fouladi Children's Oncology Group
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00053963    
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00069771
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-01803
U01CA097452 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
CDR0000269671 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: February 6, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 16, 2013
Last Verified: January 2013
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Blast Crisis
Choroid Plexus Neoplasms
Spinal Cord Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Leukemia, B-Cell