Buspirone in Reducing Shortness of Breath in Patients With Cancer
RATIONALE: Buspirone may be effective in reducing dyspnea (shortness of breath) in patients with cancer who are undergoing chemotherapy.
PURPOSE: Randomized clinical trial to study the effectiveness of buspirone in reducing shortness of breath in patients who are undergoing chemotherapy for cancer.
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Drug: buspirone hydrochloride
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Buspirone in Reducing Shortness of Breath in Patients With Cancer|
- Dyspnea as Measured by Oxygen Cost Diagram (OCD) [ Time Frame: 28 days after beginning study drug or placebo ]OCD was used to evaluate dyspnea on exertion and activities of daily living. OCD is a visual analog scale for quantifying a patient's evaluation of tolerance of exertion, which corresponds to oxygen requirements at different activity levels. It is measured as a score of 2 (sleeping) to 14 (brisk walking uphill). HIgher scores indicate fewer limitations due to dyspnea.
|Study Start Date:||November 2002|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: buspirone hydrochloride
Drug: buspirone hydrochloride
The dose of buspirone will be 10 mg taken by mouth at bedtime for 3 days, then twice each day, in the morning and at bedtime for the remainder of the 28 day study period
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
- Assess the degree to which buspirone can decrease the sensation of dyspnea in patients with malignant disease.
- Estimate the incidence of dyspnea in patients seen in community oncology practice settings.
- Investigate interrelationships of fatigue, depression, anxiety, and patient report of dyspnea.
- Assess the quality of life of patients treated with this drug.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center (CCOP site). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Beginning on day 7 of chemotherapy, patients receive oral buspirone once a day for 3 days and then twice daily for up to 28 days.
- Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo as in arm I. Dyspnea is assessed at baseline. Dyspnea, mood, fatigue, depression, anxiety, and quality of life are assessed within 5-7 days before chemotherapy and immediately following therapy.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 376 patients (188 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00053846
|United States, Illinois|
|MBCCOP - University of Illinois at Chicago|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612-7323|
|CCOP - Central Illinois|
|Decatur, Illinois, United States, 62526|
|CCOP - Evanston|
|Evanston, Illinois, United States, 60201|
|United States, Kansas|
|CCOP - Wichita|
|Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67214-3882|
|United States, Michigan|
|CCOP - Kalamazoo|
|Kalamazoo, Michigan, United States, 49007-3731|
|United States, Missouri|
|CCOP - Kansas City|
|Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64131|
|United States, Nevada|
|CCOP - Nevada Cancer Research Foundation|
|Las Vegas, Nevada, United States, 89106|
|United States, New York|
|CCOP - Hematology-Oncology Associates of Central New York|
|East Syracuse, New York, United States, 13057|
|United States, North Carolina|
|CCOP - Southeast Cancer Control Consortium|
|Goldsboro, North Carolina, United States, 27534-9479|
|United States, Ohio|
|CCOP - Dayton|
|Dayton, Ohio, United States, 45429|
|United States, Oregon|
|CCOP - Columbia River Oncology Program|
|Portland, Oregon, United States, 97225|
|United States, South Carolina|
|CCOP - Greenville|
|Greenville, South Carolina, United States, 29615|
|CCOP - Upstate Carolina|
|Spartanburg, South Carolina, United States, 29303|
|United States, Washington|
|CCOP - Northwest|
|Tacoma, Washington, United States, 98405-0986|
|United States, Wisconsin|
|CCOP - Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation|
|Marshfield, Wisconsin, United States, 54449|
|Study Chair:||Peter Bushunow, MD||University of Rochester|