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Prevention of Postpartum Depression in Low-Income Women

This study has been completed.
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by:
Butler Hospital Identifier:
First received: February 4, 2003
Last updated: August 20, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
This study will determine whether a prevention program reduces the incidence of postpartum depression in pregnant women who receive public assistance and are at risk for postpartum depression.

Condition Intervention Phase
Depression, Postpartum
Behavioral: Survival Skills for Moms with New Babies
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Depression Intervention for Poor Pregnant Women

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Butler Hospital:

Estimated Enrollment: 250
Study Start Date: September 2001
Detailed Description:

The impact of major depression in the postpartum period is profound, with considerable emotional pain for the new mother as well as disturbances in infant development. Unfortunately, few preventive interventions have been developed or systematically tested to reduce the risk of postpartum depression. An area of even greater neglect is the development of such an intervention for financially disadvantaged women who are at high risk for postpartum depression and for the disturbances associated with postpartum depression. This study will develop a psychosocial intervention for financially disadvantaged pregnant women at risk for postpartum depression.

Participants are randomly assigned to receive either the "Life at Home with a New Baby" intervention or care as usual. Women who receive the intervention join a counseling group in which information about mother-baby relationships is shared. This information is reinforced with a follow-up "booster" session after the infant is born. Participants are assessed at baseline, after the booster session (for the intervention condition) or after 2 weeks postdelivery (for the care as usual condition), and at 3 months postpartum. Depression levels and social adjustment are measured at baseline and 2 weeks after delivery. Functional status is also measured. A self-report questionnaire is completed by the mothers to measure parental distress, parent/child dysfunctional behavior, and difficult child interactions. At 3 months postpartum, a brief standardized interview is used to assess the presence of a depressive disorder.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion criteria:

  • Receive public assistance
  • At risk for postpartum depression
  • Pregnant women between 23-32 weeks gestation
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00053651

United States, Rhode Island
Women and Infants Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
Sponsors and Collaborators
Butler Hospital
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
  More Information Identifier: NCT00053651     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R21MH061555 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: February 4, 2003
Last Updated: August 20, 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depressive Disorder
Depression, Postpartum
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Puerperal Disorders
Pregnancy Complications processed this record on April 28, 2017