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Temozolomide Compared to Procarbazine, Lomustine, and Vincristine in Treating Patients With Recurrent Malignant Glioma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00052455
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : December 18, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which regimen of chemotherapy is more effective in treating recurrent malignant glioma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of temozolomide alone to that of procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine in treating patients who have recurrent malignant glioma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Drug: lomustine Drug: procarbazine hydrochloride Drug: temozolomide Drug: vincristine sulfate Phase 3

Detailed Description:


  • Compare the efficacy of temozolomide vs procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine, in terms of overall survival, in patients with recurrent malignant glioma.
  • Compare progression-free survival of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare progression-free survival at 12 weeks in patients treated with two different schedules of temozolomide.
  • Compare the overall survival of patients treated with two different schedules of temozolomide.
  • Compare toxic effects of two different schedules of temozolomide in these patients.
  • Compare quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, controlled, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I:Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment schedules:

    • Schedule 1: Patients receive oral temozolomide once daily on days 1-5.
    • Schedule 2:Patients receive oral temozolomide once daily on days 1-21. Treatment on both schedules repeats every 4 weeks for a maximum of 9 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II:Patients receive oral lomustine and vincristine IV on day 1 and oral procarbazine on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 6 weeks for a maximum of 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline and at 12 and 24 weeks.

Patients are followed every 12 weeks.

Peer Reviewed and Funded or Endorsed by Cancer Research UK

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 500 patients (250 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 500 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Randomised Trial Comparing Temozolomide With PCV In The Treatment Of Recurrent WHO Astrocytic Tumours Grades III And IV
Study Start Date : October 2002
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2010

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival at 12 weeks (Arm II)
  2. Toxicity
  3. Overall survival
  4. Quality of life as measured by EORTC QLQ-C30 and BTM
  5. Cost effectiveness

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed anaplastic astrocytoma, glioblastoma multiforme, or gliosarcoma

    • WHO grade III or IV at diagnosis or relapse
  • Must have undergone primary therapy including radiotherapy
  • Must be in first recurrence confirmed by CT scan or MRI
  • Evaluable disease by CT scan or MRI



  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • WHO 0-3

Life expectancy

  • At least 1 month


  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3


  • Total and direct bilirubin less than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGOT or SGPT less than 3 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase less than 2 times ULN


  • BUN less than 1.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine less than 1.5 times ULN


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No other concurrent serious illness
  • Considered fit to receive chemotherapy


Biologic therapy

  • Not specified


  • No prior chemotherapy for glioma

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 2 months since prior radiotherapy
  • No prior radiosurgery, interstitial radiotherapy, or brachytherapy for glioma


  • Prior debulking surgery for recurrent disease allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00052455

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United Kingdom
Medical Research Council Clinical Trials Unit
London, England, United Kingdom, NW1 2DA
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institute of Cancer Research, United Kingdom
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Study Chair: Simon Clawson Medical Research Council
Publications of Results:
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00052455    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000258428
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 18, 2013
Last Verified: May 2007
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adult glioblastoma
adult anaplastic astrocytoma
recurrent adult brain tumor
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents