This site became the new on June 19th. Learn more.
Show more Menu IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu IMPORTANT: Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu
Give us feedback

Group Therapy for Postpartum Depression

This study has been completed.
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier:
First received: January 7, 2003
Last updated: January 23, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
This study will compare standard individual treatment to group therapy for the treatment of postpartum depression.

Condition Intervention
Depression, Postpartum Behavioral: Mother-Infant Group Psychotherapy Behavioral: Interpersonal Psychotherapy

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Relational Group Intervention for Postpartum Depression

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Reduction of depression as measured by the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) [ Time Frame: Measured at post-treatment and Month 12 follow-up ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Improvement in parent-infant interactions as measured by the Early Relational Assessment (ERA) [ Time Frame: Measured at post-treatment, Month 12 follow-up, and 12 and 24 months of age ]

Enrollment: 147
Study Start Date: January 2002
Study Completion Date: July 2008
Primary Completion Date: July 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1 M-ITG
Mother-infant group psychotherapy
Behavioral: Mother-Infant Group Psychotherapy
Mother-infant group psychotherapy consists of weekly 2.5-hour psychotherapy sessions comprised of mother's group therapy, infant developmental therapy, and mother-infant dyadic psychotherapy. Group treatment will last 15 weeks.
Active Comparator: 2 - IPT
Individual interpersonal psychotherapy
Behavioral: Interpersonal Psychotherapy
Individual psychotherapy treatment focuses on role transition, interpersonal relationships, and loss. Individual treatment period will last 15 weeks.

Detailed Description:

Ten to twenty percent of new mothers experience major depression in the postpartum period or postpartum depression (PPD). This condition poses a risk for disturbances in the mother-infant relationship as well as for developmental delays and subsequent psychopathology in their children. Thus, and investigation of the efficacy of a relational approach that focuses on improving the mother's sense of competence in the parenting role, and reducing depressive symptoms and social isolation through group therapy is warranted.

Patients are randomly assigned to either relational group treatment or to standard individual treatment. Assessments of maternal and infant functioning, mother-infant and father-infant relations, parenting stress, and marital conflict and conducted pre- and post-treatment, at 12 months post-treatment, and when infants are 12 and 24 months of age.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Major depression with an infant under 7 months of age

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Organic brain syndrome
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Current psychosis or mania
  • Lifetime history of mental retardation
  • Current alcohol or substance abuse
  • Cognitive disability
  • Infants born more than 6 weeks premature or with major medical conditions or developmental disabilities
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00051246

United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Dept. of Psychiatry
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53719
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Principal Investigator: Roseanne Clark, PhD University of Wisconsin, Madison
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier: NCT00051246     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01MH062054 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: January 7, 2003
Last Updated: January 23, 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depressive Disorder
Depression, Postpartum
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Puerperal Disorders
Pregnancy Complications processed this record on August 22, 2017