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Collection of Biological Samples From Patients With Hepatitis-Associated Aplastic Anemia

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) ) Identifier:
First received: November 21, 2002
Last updated: June 30, 2017
Last verified: March 29, 2017

This study will collect samples of blood, stool, bone marrow, or other tissues from patients with hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia to investigate a possible association between exposure to viruses and the development of aplastic anemia in these patients. Cells from the samples obtained may be grown in the laboratory for future studies. Patients samples may be used to:

  • Study abnormalities that occur in hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia;
  • Test for various viruses;
  • Test immune function;
  • Measure factors related to the patients disease or diseases they may be at risk for;
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of current therapies, refine treatment approaches, and identify potential new therapies;
  • Identify possible measures for disease prevention;
  • Identify possible genetic factors associated with hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia.

Patients 2 years of age and older with severe aplastic anemia that developed within 6 months of an episode of hepatitis may be eligible for this study.

Participants will complete questionnaires and provide tissue samples as described below.


All patients (or another respondent for the patient) will fill out a questionnaire including demographic information (age, gender, race, ethnic group, education level, state of residence), current symptoms, medications, medical history, and history of possible exposures to toxins or viruses. A second questionnaire, which includes questions related to mental health, sexual behavior, alcohol and drug use, is optional for participants age 21 and older. These questionnaires are designed to uncover features of hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia and possibly reveal a common cause of the disease.

Sample Collections

  • Blood- will be collected at the time of the patient s initial evaluation or upon enrollment into the study and possibly periodically during the study. Blood will be drawn through a needle in an arm vein.
  • Bone marrow- may be collected as part of the patient s standard medical care or specifically for research purposes of this study. For this procedure, the skin over the hipbone and the outer surface of the bone itself are numbed with an injection of a local anesthesia. Then, a larger needle is inserted into the hipbone and marrow is drawn into a syringe. Marrow cells are suctioned two to six times during the 15-minute procedure.
  • Stool- will be provided by the patient.

Liver- tissue may be biopsied as part of the patient s general medical care or for NIH patients, as part of their enrollment in a treatment protocol.

Aplastic Anemia

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Collection of Blood, Stool, Bone Marrow and/or Tissue Samples From Subjects With Hepatitis-Associated Aplastic Anemia

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) ):

Enrollment: 9
Study Start Date: November 16, 2002
Detailed Description:
Our laboratory has a long-standing interest in viruses that affect the bone marrow, especially those causing bone marrow failure. One specific syndrome, hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia, suggests that the same agent is responsible for the severe and sometimes fulminate hepatitis as well as the profound bone marrow failure. This study is designed to collect clinical data, and samples from patients with hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia, in order to learn more about the clinical features of the disease, as well as to collect blood, liver, bone marrow and stool samples where possible for ongoing virological studies. For liver and bone marrow samples, material will only be obtained when the liver or bone marrow are biopsied for other medical indications, or during the removal of the liver at the time of transplantation. No additional risk to the patient should result from either procedure.

Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Presumptive clinical diagnosis of hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia. That is, aplastic anemia within 12 months of an episode of hepatitis

Age equal to or greater than 2 years old

Ability to comprehend the investigational nature of the study and provide informed consent.


Suspected cholestatic or obstructed liver disease

Current diagnosis or past history of myelodysplastic syndrome, Fanconi s anemia, dyskeratosis congenita or other congenital forms of aplastic anemia.

Diagnosis of Diamond-Blackfan anemia or a constitutional marrow failure disease.

Underlying carcinoma, recent history of radiation or chemotherapy

Age less than 2 years old

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00050115

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Principal Investigator: Neal S Young, M.D. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier: NCT00050115     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 030051
Study First Received: November 21, 2002
Last Updated: June 30, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) ):
Bone Marrow Failure
Seronegative Hepatitis
Fulminate Hepatitis
Aplastic Anemia
Hepatitis Associated Aplastic Anemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia, Aplastic
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Bone Marrow Diseases processed this record on September 19, 2017