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Haploidentical Donor Bone Marrow Transplant in Treating Patients With High-Risk Hematologic Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00049504
First received: November 12, 2002
Last updated: April 10, 2017
Last verified: April 2017
  Purpose
This phase II trial studies how well giving fludarabine phosphate, cyclophosphamide, tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil and total-body irradiation together with a donor bone marrow transplant works in treating patients with high-risk hematologic cancer. Giving low doses of chemotherapy, such as fludarabine phosphate and cyclophosphamide, and total-body irradiation before a donor bone marrow transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells by stopping them from dividing or killing them. Giving cyclophosphamide after transplant may also stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's bone marrow stem cells. The donated stem cells may replace the patient's immune system cells and help destroy any remaining cancer cells (graft-versus-tumor effect). Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can also make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil after the transplant may stop this from happening

Condition Intervention Phase
Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22) Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission Childhood Burkitt Lymphoma Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Childhood Myelodysplastic Syndromes Childhood Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue Hematopoietic/Lymphoid Cancer Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma Intraocular Lymphoma Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Refractory Multiple Myeloma Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes Small Intestine Lymphoma Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage II Multiple Myeloma Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage III Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Stage III Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Stage III Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage III Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Stage III Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage III Multiple Myeloma Stage III Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Stage IV Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Stage IV Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage IV Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Testicular Lymphoma Waldenström Macroglobulinemia Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: fludarabine phosphate Drug: tacrolimus Drug: mycophenolate mofetil Genetic: polymerase chain reaction Genetic: fluorescence in situ hybridization Genetic: polymorphism analysis Genetic: gene expression analysis Radiation: total-body irradiation Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Procedure: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Nonmyeloablative Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients With High-Risk Hematologic Malignancies Using Related, HLA-Haploidentical Donors: A Phase II Trial of Combined Immunosuppression Before and After Transplantation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Donor Engraftment (Chimerism) [ Time Frame: At day +84 after transplantation ]
    Defined by the detection of at least 50% donor derived T-cells (CD3+), as a proportion of the total T-cell population

  • Incidence of Grades III-IV Acute GVHD [ Time Frame: At any time within 200 days after transplantation ]
    Grade III GVHD represents moderate severity. Grade IV GVHD represents extreme severity

  • Non-relapse-related Mortality [ Time Frame: Up to 200 days after transplantation ]
    Number of deaths without progression or recurrence of malignant disease


Enrollment: 53
Actual Study Start Date: January 2002
Study Completion Date: February 2014
Primary Completion Date: March 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (nonmyeloablative HSCT)

NONMYELOABLATIVE CONDITIONING: Patients receive fludarabine phosphate IV over 1 hour on days -6 to -2 and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -6 and -5. Patients undergo total body irradiation on day -1.

TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo BMT, from an HLA-haploidentical donor, on day 0.

POST-TRANSPLANT IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day 3.

GRAFT-VERSUS-HOST DISEASE PROPHYLAXIS: Patients receive tacrolimus IV over 1-2 hours and then tacrolimus PO, once tolerated, on days 4-180, with taper on day 86 in the absence of graft-versus-host disease. Patients also receive mycophenolate mofetil PO three times daily on days 4-35.

Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
Drug: tacrolimus
Given IV or orally
Other Names:
  • FK 506
  • Prograf
Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Cellcept
  • MMF
Genetic: polymerase chain reaction
Correlative studies
Other Name: PCR
Genetic: fluorescence in situ hybridization
Correlative studies
Other Name: fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
Genetic: polymorphism analysis
Correlative studies
Genetic: gene expression analysis
Correlative studies
Radiation: total-body irradiation
Undergo total-body irradiation
Other Name: TBI
Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
Undergo haploidentical hematopoietic bone marrow transplantation
Other Names:
  • bone marrow therapy, allogeneic
  • bone marrow therapy, allogenic
  • transplantation, allogeneic bone marrow
  • transplantation, allogenic bone marrow
Procedure: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Undergo haploidentical hematopoietic bone marrow transplantation

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine if engraftment can be achieved safely in patients with high-risk hematologic malignancies who undergo non-myeloablative bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-haploidentical donors.

OUTLINE:

NONMYELOABLATIVE CONDITIONING: Patients receive fludarabine phosphate intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days -6 to -2 and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -6 and -5. Patients undergo total body irradiation on day -1.

TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo BMT, from an HLA-haploidentical donor, on day 0.

POST-TRANSPLANT IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day 3.

GRAFT-VERSUS-HOST DISEASE PROPHYLAXIS: Patients receive tacrolimus IV over 1-2 hours and then tacrolimus orally (PO), once tolerated, on days 4-180, with taper on day 86 in the absence of graft-versus-host disease. Patients also receive mycophenolate mofetil PO three times daily on days 4-35.

Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 6 months and then annually thereafter.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in accelerated phase (AP)
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with high-risk cytogenetics [del(5q)/-5, del(7q)/-7, abnormal 3q, 9q, 11q, 20q, 21q, 17p, t(6:9), t(9;22), complex karyotypes (>= 3 abnormalities)] in complete remission (CR)1
  • AML >= CR2; patients should have < 5% marrow blasts at the time of transplant
  • High-risk ALL defined as: CR1 with high-risk cytogenetics; t(9;22), t(4;11), or hypodiploid (< 45 chromosomes) for pediatric patients; t(9;22), t(8;14), t(4;11), t(1;19) for adult patients; > 4 wk to achieve CR1; >= CR2 (patients should have < 5% marrow blasts at the time of transplant)
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) (>int-1 per IPSS) after >= 1 prior cycle of induction chemotherapy; should have < 5% marrow blasts at the time of transplant
  • Multiple myeloma (MM) Stage II or III patients who have progressed after an initial response to chemotherapy or autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or MM patients with refractory disease who may benefit from tandem autologous-nonmyeloablative allogeneic transplant
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) or Hodgkin's Disease (HD) who are ineligible for autologous HSCT or who have resistant/refractory disease and who may benefit from tandem autologous nonmyeloablative allogeneic transplant
  • Patients who have received a prior allogeneic HSCT and who have either rejected their grafts or who have become tolerant of their grafts with no active graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) requiring immunosuppressive therapy
  • DONOR: Related donors who are identical for one HLA haplotype and mismatched at the HLA-A, -B, -C or DRB1 loci of the unshared haplotype with the exception of single HLA-A, -B or -C allele mismatches

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Cross-match positive with donor
  • Patients with suitably matched related or unrelated donors
  • Patients with conventional transplant options (a conventional transplant should be the priority for eligible patients =< 50 yr of age who have a related donor mismatched for a single HLA-A, -B or DRB1 antigen)
  • Central nervous system (CNS) involvement with disease refractory to intrathecal chemotherapy
  • Presence of active, serious infection (e.g., mucormycosis, uncontrolled aspergillosis, tuberculosis)
  • Karnofsky Performance Status < 60 for adult patients
  • Lansky-Play Performance Score < 60 for pediatric patients
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction < 35%
  • Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 35% and/or receiving supplemental continuous oxygen
  • Liver abnormalities: fulminant liver failure, cirrhosis of the liver with evidence of portal hypertension, alcoholic hepatitis, esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy, uncorrectable hepatic synthetic dysfunction as evidenced by prolongation of the prothrombin time, ascites related to portal hypertension, bacterial or fungal liver abscess, biliary obstruction, chronic viral hepatitis with total serum bilirubin > 3 mg/dL or symptomatic biliary disease
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients
  • Women of childbearing potential who are pregnant (beta-HCG+) or breast feeding
  • Fertile men and women unwilling to use contraceptives during and for 12 months post-transplant
  • Life expectancy severely limited by diseases other than malignancy
  • DONOR: Donor-recipient pairs in which the HLA-mismatch is only in the HVG direction
  • DONOR: Cross-match positive with recipient
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00049504

Locations
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Paul O'Donnell Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

Responsible Party: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00049504     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1667.00
NCI-2010-00166 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
Study First Received: November 12, 2002
Results First Received: April 10, 2017
Last Updated: April 10, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Individual patient data is protected by HIPAA at each participant organization.

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Syndrome
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Lymphoma, Follicular
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Hodgkin Disease
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Burkitt Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic
Plasmablastic Lymphoma
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Mycoses
Mycosis Fungoides
Sezary Syndrome
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous
Leukemia, T-Cell
Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on June 22, 2017