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Radiation Therapy in Preventing Central Nervous System (CNS) Metastases in Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00048997
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Results First Posted : October 6, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2017
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. It is not yet known if giving radiation therapy to the head is effective in preventing CNS metastases in patients who have stage III non-small cell lung cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying how well radiation therapy to the head works in preventing CNS metastases in patients who have been previously treated for stage III non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Radiation: Radiation therapy Other: Observation Phase 3

Detailed Description:


  • Determine whether prophylactic cranial irradiation improves survival after effective locoregional/systemic therapy in patients with stage IIIA or IIIB non-small cell lung cancer.
  • Determine the neuropsychologic impact of this therapy in these patients.
  • Assess quality of life of patients receiving this therapy.
  • Determine the impact of this therapy on the incidence of CNS metastases in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease stage (IIIA vs IIIB), histology (non-squamous cell vs squamous cell), and prior surgery (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients undergo prophylactic cranial irradiation 5 days a week for 3 weeks.
  • Arm II: Patients undergo observation.

Patients are followed 3 months during the first year, every 6 months for 2-3 years and then annually thereafter. Quality of life is assessed at baseline and at months 6, 12, 24, 36, and 48.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1,058 patients (529 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 36 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 356 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Comparison Of Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation (PCI) Versus Observation In Patients With Locally Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Study Start Date : September 2002
Primary Completion Date : December 2008
Study Completion Date : December 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI)
Radiation therapy
Radiation: Radiation therapy
PCI is given to the whole brain in a dose of 2 Gy per fraction, 5 days per week, for 3 weeks for a total dose of 30 Gy.
Other: Observation

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: After all patients have been potentially followed for a minimum of 12 months ]
    Survival time is defined as time from randomization to date of death from any cause and is estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Patients last known to be alive are censored at the date of last contact. This analysis was planned to occur when all patients had been potentially followed for at least 12 months.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Neuropsychological Impact of Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation (PCI) [ Time Frame: After all patients have been potentially followed for a minimum of 12 months ]
  2. Impact of PCI on Quality of Life [ Time Frame: After all patients have been potentially followed for a minimum of 12 months ]
  3. Impact of PCI on Incidence of CNS Metastases [ Time Frame: After all patients have been potentially followed for a minimum of 12 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Diagnosis of stage IIIA or IIIB non-small cell lung cancer

    • Complete response, partial response, or stable disease after definitive locoregional therapy (with surgery and/or radiation therapy, with or without chemotherapy (chemotherapy alone does not constitute definitive therapy))

      • No more than 16 weeks since prior therapy
  • No progressive disease
  • No extracranial distant metastatic disease
  • No suspicion of CNS metastases by MRI or CT scan



  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • Not specified

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • No other malignancy within the past 3 years except nonmelanoma skin cancer
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


Biologic therapy

  • No concurrent anticancer biologic therapy


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No concurrent anticancer cytotoxic chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior cranial irradiation


  • See Disease Characteristics


  • Recovered from all prior therapies
  • No concurrent enrollment on any other phase III study that has progression-free, disease-free, or overall survival as an endpoint

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00048997

United States, Arizona
Arizona Oncology Services Foundation
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85013
Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center at Scottsdale Healthcare - Osborn
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85251
Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center at Scottsdale Healthcare - Shea
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85260
United States, Illinois
Resurrection Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60631
United States, Maine
Central Maine Comprehensive Cancer Center at Central Maine Medical Center
Lewiston, Maine, United States, 04240
Maine Center for Cancer Medicine and Blood Disorders - Scarborough
Scarborough, Maine, United States, 04074
United States, Maryland
Shore Regional Cancer Center at Memorial Hospital - Easton
Easton, Maryland, United States, 21601
United States, Massachusetts
MetroWest Medical Center - Framingham Union Hospital
Framingham, Massachusetts, United States, 01702
United States, Michigan
Josephine Ford Cancer Center at Henry Ford Hospital
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, New Jersey
Cancer Institute of New Jersey at Cooper University Hospital - Camden
Camden, New Jersey, United States, 08103
United States, Pennsylvania
Geisinger Cancer Institute at Geisinger Health
Danville, Pennsylvania, United States, 17822-0001
Frank M. and Dorothea Henry Cancer Center at Geisinger Wyoming Valley Medical Center
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, United States, 18711
United States, Utah
Huntsman Cancer Institute at University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
United States, Washington
North Star Lodge Cancer Center at Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital
Yakima, Washington, United States, 98902
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Study Chair: Elizabeth M. Gore, MD Medical College of Wisconsin
Study Chair: James A. Bonner, MD University of Alabama at Birmingham

Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Gondi V, Paulus R, Bruner D, et al.: Prognostic significance of QOL deterioration during early lung cancer survivorship: secondary analysis of RTOG 0212 and 0214. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 29 (Suppl 15): A-6061, 2011.

Responsible Party: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00048997     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RTOG-0214
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 6, 2014
Last Update Posted: February 17, 2017
Last Verified: December 2016

Keywords provided by Radiation Therapy Oncology Group:
stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms