ABI-007 in Taxol Resistant Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00046514|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 3, 2002
Last Update Posted : December 15, 2016
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Breast Neoplasms Metastases, Neoplasm||Drug: ABI-007||Phase 2|
The anticancer agent paclitaxel (Taxol for Injection Concentrate, Bristol-Meyers Squibb) has a broad spectrum of activity against several human cancers including carcinomas of ovary, breast, lung, esophagus and head and neck cancer. Taxol has shown remarkable activity against metastatic breast cancer, yielding response rates in the range of 40% to 60% in chemotherapy-naive patients and 25%-30% in patients refractory to anthracycline-containing regimens (Taxol package insert). The major limitation of Taxol is its poor water soluability requiring Cremophor (containing castor oil and ethanol) as a solvent. Taxol in this vehicle must be administered over 3-24 hours, and hypersensitivity reactions to Cremophor require a premedication routine of a corticosteroid, an antihistamine, and an H2 antagonist.
In this study, the test medication (ABI-007) is a nanoparticle colloidal composition of protein-stabilized paclitaxel that is reconstituted in saline. The infusion time for ABI-007 is minimal compared to Taxol (under an hour), and there is no premedication required. The maximally tolerated dose of this formulation of paclitaxel is 300 mg/m2, as compared to 175 mg/m2 for Taxol. As tumor response has been shown to be dose-dependent for paclitaxel, a higher dose allows for a potentially better response.
This open-label, Phase II study will determine the safety, tolerability and anti-tumor effect of ABI-007 monotherapy administered weekly in patients with metastatic breast cancer that have been previously treated with Taxol.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Enrollment :||100 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase II Clinical Trial of ABI-007 (A Cremophor-Free, Protein Stabilized, Nanoparticle Paclitaxel)Administered Weekly in Taxol Resistant Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer|
|Study Start Date :||June 2001|
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00046514
|United States, North Carolina|
|Abraxis BioScience, Inc.|
|Raleigh, North Carolina, United States, 27609|
|Study Director:||Michael J Hawkins, M.D.||Celgene Corporation|