Eating Disorder Prevention Programs
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00042185|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 26, 2002
Last Update Posted : September 27, 2013
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Eating Disorders||Behavioral: Dissonance Eating Disorder Prevention Program Behavioral: Healthy Weight Intervention Behavioral: Expressive Writing Control Condition||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Enrollment :||450 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Austin Body Acceptance Study|
|Study Start Date :||February 2001|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 2007|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 2007|
|Experimental: Dissonance intervention||
Behavioral: Dissonance Eating Disorder Prevention Program
In this intervention, participants voluntarily engaged in verbal, written, and behavioral exercises in which they critiqued the thin-ideal ideal. These exercises were conducted in sessions and in homework activities. For example, they wrote a counter-attitudinal essay about the costs associated with pursuit of the thin-ideal and engaged in a counter-attitudinal role-play in which they attempted to dissuade facilitators from pursuing the thin-ideal.
|Active Comparator: Healthy Weight Intervention||
Behavioral: Healthy Weight Intervention
In this intervention, participants were encouraged to make gradual healthy and lasting changes to their diet and physical activity to balance their energy needs with their energy intake, and thereby achieve a healthier weight and body satisfaction. With support from the facilitator and group members, they initiated an individual lifestyle change plan to reduce intake of fat and sugar and to increase exercise using behavioral modification principles. Food and exercise diaries were used to identify behaviors to target in this lifestyle modification and to monitor change. Motivational enhancement activities were used to promote motivation for behavior change.
|Active Comparator: Expressive writing control intervention||
Behavioral: Expressive Writing Control Condition
In this condition, which is based on the work of Pennebaker (1997), participants wrote about emotionally significant topics in three individual weekly 45-minute sessions. They were told that research indicates that body dissatisfaction is linked to emotional issues and that expressive writing helps resolve these issues. Sample topics included relationships or goals. They were told that their work would not be read and were asked to write continuously for the duration of the session about an emotionally important topic.
|No Intervention: Assessment-only control condition|
- Eating Disorder Diagnostic Interview [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- The Ideal-Body Stereotype Scale-Revised, Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction with Body Parts Scale, Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale-Revised [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00042185
|United States, Texas|
|University of Texas at Austin|
|Austin, Texas, United States, 78712|