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Alemtuzumab, Fludarabine Phosphate, and Low-Dose Total Body Irradiation Before Donor Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Hematological Malignancies

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Brenda Sandmaier, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00040846
First received: July 8, 2002
Last updated: March 24, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
  Purpose
This phase II trial studies the side effects and the best dose of alemtuzumab when given together with fludarabine phosphate and low-dose total body irradiation (TBI) and how well it works before donor stem cell transplant in treating patients with hematological malignancies. Giving chemotherapy and low-dose TBI before a donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It may also stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. Also, monoclonal antibodies, such as alemtuzumab, can find cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. When the healthy stem cells from a donor are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can also make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving cyclosporine (CSP) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) after transplant may stop this from happening.

Condition Intervention Phase
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22) Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma Childhood Burkitt Lymphoma Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Childhood Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Childhood Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Childhood Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Unclassifiable Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes Progressive Hairy Cell Leukemia, Initial Treatment Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recurrent Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia Refractory Multiple Myeloma Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage I Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Stage I Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Stage I Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma Stage I Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage I Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Stage I Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Stage I Mantle Cell Lymphoma Stage I Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage I Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome Stage I Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Stage II Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Stage II Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma Stage II Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage II Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Stage III Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Stage III Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma Stage III Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage III Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia Waldenström Macroglobulinemia Biological: alemtuzumab Drug: fludarabine phosphate Radiation: total-body irradiation Procedure: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Drug: mycophenolate mofetil Drug: cyclosporine Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Campath® [Alemtuzumab] Dose Escalation, Low-Dose TBI and Fludarabine Followed by HLA Class I Mismatched Donor Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients With Hematologic Malignancies - A Multi-Center Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Brenda Sandmaier, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluate the Risk of Transplant Related Mortality. [ Time Frame: 100 days after transplant ]
    Percentage patients with Day 100 transplant related mortality.

  • Evaluate the Risk of Occurrence of Acute and Chronic GVHD [ Time Frame: 1 year after transplant ]

    Percentage patients who developed acute/chronic GVHD.

    aGVHD Stages

    Skin:

    1. a maculopapular eruption involving < 25% BSA
    2. a maculopapular eruption involving 25 - 50% BSA
    3. generalized erythroderma
    4. generalized erythroderma with bullous formation and often with desquamation

    Liver:

    1. bilirubin 2.0 - 3.0 mg/100 mL
    2. bilirubin 3 - 5.9 mg/100 mL
    3. bilirubin 6 - 14.9 mg/100 mL
    4. bilirubin > 15 mg/100 mL

    Gut:

    Diarrhea is graded 1 - 4 in severity. Nausea and vomiting and/or anorexia caused by GVHD is assigned as 1 in severity. The severity of gut involvement is assigned to the most severe involvement noted. Patients with visible bloody diarrhea are at least stage 2 gut and grade 3 overall.

    aGVHD Grades Grade III: Stage 2 - 4 gastrointestinal involvement and/or +2 to +4 liver involvement, with or without a rash Grade IV: Pattern and severity of GVHD similar to grade 3 with extreme constitutional symptoms or death


  • Determine Whether Engraftment Can be Maintained With a Single Dose Fludarabine, DLI and Continued MMF/CSP, Defined as Rejection Rate < 20%. [ Time Frame: 100 days after transplant ]
    Mixed chimerism will be defined as the detection of donor T cells (CD3+) and granulocytes (CD 33+), as a proportion of the total T cell and granulocyte population, respectively, of greater than 5% and less than 95% in the peripheral blood. Full donor chimerism is defined as > 95% donor CD3+ T cells.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluate the Risk/Incidence of Infections [ Time Frame: 100 days after transplant ]
    Percentage patients who experienced infections within 100 days post-transplant.

  • Evaluate the Risk for Disease Progression and Relapse [ Time Frame: 1 year after transplant ]
    Percentage patients who relapsed/progressed within 1 year post-transplant.


Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: November 2001
Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (dose-escalation of alemtuzumab, HSCT)

CONDITIONING REGIMEN: Patients receive alemtuzumab IV over 2 hours on days -8 to -5 and fludarabine phosphate IV on days -4 to -2. Patients also undergo low-dose TBI on day 0.

HSCT: Patients undergo allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation on day 0.

IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Patients receive CSP IV or PO BID on days -3 to 180 with taper to day 365 and MMF PO TID on days 0-100, with taper to day 156.

Biological: alemtuzumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-CD52 monoclonal antibody
  • Campath-1H
  • MoAb CD52
  • Monoclonal Antibody Campath-1H
  • Monoclonal Antibody CD52
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
Radiation: total-body irradiation
Undergo TBI
Other Name: TBI
Procedure: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Undergo allogeneic HSCT
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Undergo allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Other Names:
  • PBPC transplantation
  • PBSC transplantation
  • peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation
  • transplantation, peripheral blood stem cell
Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Cellcept
  • MMF
Drug: cyclosporine
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • ciclosporin
  • cyclosporin
  • cyclosporin A
  • CYSP
  • Sandimmune

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether stable allogeneic engraftment from related and unrelated human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-mismatched stem cell donors can be safely established using a non-myeloablative conditioning regimen plus escalating doses of the anti-CD52 monoclonal antibody (mAb) Campath (alemtuzumab) in patients with hematologic malignancies.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the risk of occurrence of acute and chronic graft-vs-host disease (GVHD).

II. Evaluate the risk/incidence of infections.

III. Determine whether engraftment can be maintained with a single dose fludarabine, donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) and continued MMF/CSP.

IV. Evaluate the risk for disease progression and relapse.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of alemtuzumab.

CONDITIONING REGIMEN: Patients receive alemtuzumab intravenously (IV) over 2 hours on days -8 to -5 and fludarabine phosphate IV on days -4 to -2. Patients also undergo low-dose TBI on day 0.

HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION (HSCT): Patients undergo allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation on day 0.

IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Patients receive CSP IV or orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days -3 to 180 with taper to day 365 and MMF PO thrice daily (TID) on days 0-100 with taper to day 156.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 74 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be not eligible for conventional transplants and must have disease expected to be stable for at least 100 days without chemotherapy; patients with hematologic malignancies treatable with hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) or with a B cell malignancy except those treatable with autologous transplant will be included
  • Aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) and Other Histologies Such as Diffuse large B cell NHL

    • Patients with primary refractory or relapsed disease not eligible for an autologous transplant
    • Patients are eligible following an autologous transplant in remission or in relapse
    • Planned tandem transplant is allowed for patients at high risk of relapse
  • Low grade NHL with < 6 months duration of complete remission (CR) between courses of conventional therapy
  • Mantle Cell NHL may be treated in first CR
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) - Must have failed 2 lines of conventional therapy and be refractory to fludarabine
  • Hodgkin disease (HD) - Must have received and failed frontline therapy; patients must have had a prior autologous transplant or were not eligible for autologous transplant; planned tandem transplants are allowed for patients at high risk of relapse
  • Multiple myeloma (MM) - Must have received prior chemotherapy and a prior autologous transplant, unless autologous transplant was not possible; planned tandem transplants are allowed for patients at high risk of relapse
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) - Must have < 5% marrow blasts at the time of transplant
  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) - Must have < 5% blasts at the time of transplant
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) - Patients will be accepted beyond chronic phase 1 (CP1) if they have received previous myelosuppressive chemotherapy or HSCT, and have < 5% marrow blasts at time of transplant
  • Myelodysplastic (MDS)/Myeloproliferative disorders - Must have failed previous myelosuppressive chemotherapy or HSCT, and have < 5% marrow blasts at time of transplant
  • Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia - Must have failed 2 courses of therapy
  • Patients < 12 years old must be approved by the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC) principal investigator (PI)
  • Patients who refuse to be treated on a conventional transplant protocol; for this inclusion, criteria transplants must be approved by both the participating institution´s patient review committee such as the Patient Care Conference (PCC) at the FHCRC and the FHCRC principal investigator
  • Patients with related or unrelated donors for whom

    • The best available match is a HLA class II DRB1 and DQB1 matched donor incompatible for any single serologically detectable class I HLA-A, -B, -C mismatch; one additional allele level class I mismatch is allowed OR any combination of 2 allele level mismatches (if typed at the molecular level)
    • There is a likelihood of rapid disease progression while HLA typing and results of a preliminary search and the donor pool suggests that a 10/10 HLA-A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1 matched unrelated donor will not be found
    • There is no HLA-A, -B or -C one locus allelic mismatched related donor available
    • There is no indication for an autologous transplantation as a treatment option
  • DONOR: Related or unrelated donors who are matched for HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 alleles (must be defined by high resolution typing), and who are mismatched for:

    • Any single serologically detectable HLA-A or B or C antigen +/- 1 allele or
    • Any combination of two HLA-A, -B, or -C alleles (if prospectively typed at molecular level)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are homozygous at the mismatched major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I locus
  • A positive cross-match exists between the donor and recipient
  • Patients with rapidly progressive intermediate or high grade NHL
  • Presence of circulating leukemic blasts (in the peripheral blood) detected by standard pathology for patients with AML, ALL or CML
  • Life expectancy severely limited by diseases other than malignancy
  • Central nervous system (CNS) involvement with disease refractory to intrathecal chemotherapy
  • Fertile men or women unwilling to use contraceptives during and for up to 12 months post treatment
  • Female patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients
  • Patients with active non-hematologic malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers)
  • Patients with a history of non-hematologic malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers) currently in a complete remission, who are less than 5 years from the time of complete remission, and have a > 20% risk of disease recurrence
  • Fungal infections with radiological progression after receipt of amphotericin B or active triazole for greater than 1 month
  • Patients with active bacterial or fungal infections unresponsive to medical therapy
  • Patients with the following organ dysfunction symptomatic coronary artery disease or ejection fraction < 35% or other cardiac failure requiring therapy; ejection fraction is required if the patient is > 50 years of age, or history of cardiac disease or anthracycline exposure

    • Diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 35%; total lung capacity (TLC) < 35%; or forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) < 35% and/or receiving supplementary continuous oxygen
    • Patients with clinical or laboratory evidence of liver disease would be evaluated for the cause of liver disease, its clinical severity in terms of liver function, bridging fibrosis, and the degree of portal hypertension; patients will be excluded if they are found to have fulminant liver failure; cirrhosis of the liver with evidence of portal hypertension; alcoholic hepatitis; esophageal varices; a history of bleeding esophageal varices; hepatic encephalopathy; uncorrectable hepatic synthetic dysfunction evinced by prolongation of the prothrombin time; ascites related to portal hypertension; bacterial or fungal liver abscess; biliary obstruction; chronic viral hepatitis with total serum bilirubin >3 mg/dL; or symptomatic biliary disease
    • Patients with poorly controlled hypertension on multiple antihypertensives
    • Karnofsky score < 70 for adult patients
    • Lansky-Play Performance Score < 50 for pediatric patients
  • DONOR: Bone marrow (BM) donors
  • DONOR: Donors who are HIV-positive and/or, medical conditions that would result in increased risk for granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilization and harvest of peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC)
  • DONOR: Donors < 12 years of age
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00040846

Locations
United States, Colorado
Presbyterian - Saint Lukes Medical Center - Health One
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80218
United States, Utah
Huntsman Cancer Institute/University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
LDS Hospital
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84143
United States, Washington
VA Puget Sound Health Care System
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98101
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
United States, Wisconsin
Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital, Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53226
Italy
University of Torino
Torino, Italy, 10126
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Brenda Sandmaier Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Brenda Sandmaier, Principal Investigator, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00040846     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1591.00
NCI-2011-00471 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
1591.00 ( Other Identifier: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium )
P30CA015704 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
P01CA018029 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: July 8, 2002
Results First Received: January 26, 2017
Last Updated: March 24, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Syndrome
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma, Follicular
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Burkitt Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic
Plasmablastic Lymphoma
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Hodgkin Disease
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone
Mycoses
Mycosis Fungoides
Sezary Syndrome
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous
Leukemia, T-Cell
Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell
Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on June 28, 2017