Safety and Efficacy of Campath in Nonmyeloablative Transplantation
Objective of the low-dose transplant regimen must produce the following effects:
- Suppression of the patient's immune system to prevent rejection of the donor cells;
- Control of the lymphoma. The pretransplant regimen must suppress the lymphoma sufficiently to prevent marked progression of the tumor and allow time for the GVT effect to occur.
|Lymphoma Leukemia||Drug: Campath-1 H (Alemtuzumab) Drug: Fludarabine Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Rituximab|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Safety and Efficacy of Campath in Nonmyeloablative Transplantation|
- Number of Participants Surviving 100 days post-transplant [ Time Frame: 30 Day Engraftment (Baseline) to 100 Days post-transplant ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2001|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Campath in Nonmyeloablative Transplantation
Campath-1 H Starting Dose of 15 mg by vein daily, 3 days in a row + Fludarabine 30 mg/m2 by vein daily, 3 days in a row + Cyclophosphamide 1 gm/m2 by vein daily, 3 days in a row + Rituximab 375 mg/m2 by vein, given 8 days before transplant then weekly for 4 total doses.
Drug: Campath-1 H (Alemtuzumab)
Starting Dose of 15 mg by vein daily, 3 days in a row.
Other Names:Drug: Fludarabine
30 mg/m2 by vein daily, 3 days in a row.
Other Names:Drug: Cyclophosphamide
1 gm/m2 by vein daily, 3 days in a row.
Other Names:Drug: Rituximab
375 mg/m2 by vein, given (to some patients only, based on the subtypes of lymphomas) eight days before the transplant and then weekly for a total of 4 doses.
Other Name: Rituxan
Alemtuzumab is a drug that can specifically attack some types of leukemia and lymphoma cells. In addition, it suppresses the patients' immune system, therefore helps preventing the rejection of donor marrow or stem cells.
Before treatment starts, patients will have a physical exam, including blood tests (between 100 - 120 cc) and urine tests. Women who are able to have children will have a pregnancy test. Bone marrow samples will be taken. Patients will have a chest x-ray, CT scans and EKG, and tests of lung function.
Blood tests (between 100 - 120 cc) marrow sampling, and x-rays will be done as needed to track the effects of the transplant. For bone marrow sampling, a large needle is placed into the numbed hipbone. The bone marrow is then withdrawn through the needle. Patients will have transfusions of blood and platelets as needed. Blood tests (between 100 - 120 cc) will be done daily while patients are in the hospital.
Alemtuzumab will be injected into the patient's vein. This will be done 3 days in a row (days 1 to 3). The drugs diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and acetaminophen (Tylenol) will be given in to prevent or ease side effects.
Patients will also receive fludarabine and cyclophosphamide daily for 3 days. They will be given on the same days as alemtuzumab. Rituximab will be given (to some patients only, based on the subtypes of lymphomas) eight days before the transplant and then weekly for a total of 4 doses.
All of the chemotherapy drugs will be given through a catheter (plastic tube) that extends into the large chest vein. The catheter will be left in place throughout treatment. When chemotherapy is finished, blood stem cells from a donor will be given through the catheter. G-CSF, a growth factor that promotes the production of blood cells, will be injected under the skin once a day until the neutrophil counts recover in the blood.
A "boost" of donor cells (lymphocytes) will be given at 3 months after transplant if the disease is getting worse or if DNA tests from the blood shows that not all lymphocytes in the blood are from the donor. These cells will be given through the vein, without chemotherapy, in the clinic.
Treatment will be given in the hospital at M. D. Anderson. Patients will need to stay in the hospital for about 3 to 4 weeks. Patients will be taken off study if their disease progresses.
Patients must stay in the Houston area for about 100 days after the transplant. After that, patients will need to return to Houston from time to time for blood tests, urine tests, and other exams.
This is an investigational study. The FDA has approved the drugs used in this study. Their use together in this study is investigational. About 100 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00038844
|United States, Texas|
|U.T.M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Issa F. Khouri, MD||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|