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Phase I Trial of Intramural Injection of DTI-015 for Recurrent Malignant Gliomas

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00038441
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 31, 2002
Last Update Posted : July 31, 2012
Direct Therapeutics
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This is a clinical research study of a new investigational treatment for cancer called "DTI-015" to be given by intratumoral injection. Intratumoral injection is when drug is injected directly into the tumor. This study will help doctors find out what is the best dose level for DTI-015 and if this treatment can shrink tumors without causing severe side effects. The effects of the drug on the patient's quality of life (how the patient feels and what the patient can do) and their mental functions (reasoning and thinking abilities) will also be studied.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Glioma Brain Neoplasms Drug: DTI-015 Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This study will involve 45 patients with malignant glioma brain tumors. Before the study, all patients will be given a physical exam and blood and urine tests, and they will be asked about their cancer and treatment. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain will pinpoint the location of the tumor. Female patients who are able to have children will have a pregnancy test. All patients will be asked about their quality of life and will undergo tests of their mental functions. Patients might receive a steroid drug for several days before and after the treatment. This will help prevent swelling around the tumor. Patients will also be given a drug to prevent convulsions.

DTI-015 will be injected through a catheter (a hollow tube) into the center of the brain tumor. For patients undergoing a needle biopsy, computer ("stereotactic") guidance will be used to place the catheter. For patients undergoing an open brain operation, the catheter will be placed under the direct vision of the surgeon or with computer guidance. It is possible that the injection might not be done in the brain operation patients because there either is too much or too little tumor after the resection. The catheter will be removed after the injection.

Each patient will receive only one injection although one of the first three patients might receive a second injection if the first injection volume was less than 25% of the tumor volume. A second injection can also be given to those patients who were stable after the first injection and develop a nodule of growth. If >250 mg BCNU total was injected, any repeat injection cannot be done for at least 6 weeks. The dose of DTI-015 will depend on the size of the patient's tumor. The dose level will be increased after the first 3 patients and again after the next 3 patients. After the treatment, the patient will remain in the hospital for 1 day.

Several tests will be repeated during the study. Patients will come to M.D. Anderson every 2-4 weeks for a total of 12 weeks. Blood tests will be done during each visit. An MRI scan of the brain will be done every month for 3 months. The physical exam, quality of life questionnaire, and mental functions tests will be repeated 12 weeks after the treatment. Some blood tests, however, may be done by a local doctor. The test results would then be sent to the study coordinator. The follow-up visits will end after 12 weeks.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 39 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Trial of Intratumoral Injection of DTI-015 for Recurrent Malignant Gliomas
Study Start Date : September 1995
Primary Completion Date : February 2003
Study Completion Date : August 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: DTI-015 Drug: DTI-015
DTI-015 injected through a catheter into center of brain tumor.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Dose of DTI-015 [ Time Frame: Every 2-4 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic proof of recurrent previously irradiated supratentorial malignant gliomas including anaplastic astrocytoma, glioblastoma multiforme, anaplastic oligodendroglioma, or anaplastic ependymoma.
  • It must be judged that gross total resection of the patient's tumor is not possible or the patient must refuse open resection of tumor. The decision that the tumor cannot be totally resected will be made by and mutually agreed upon by the physician investigators in the study.
  • There must be a tumor volume of each tumor component greater than or equal to 0.5 and less than or equal to 15 cubic centimeters.
  • The patient must be undergoing a stereotactic biopsy for other clinical reasons than the injection of DTI-015.
  • The patient must have a Karnofsky functional status rating greater than or equal to 60.
  • The patient must be fully recovered from the acute effects of any prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
  • The patient must be able to read and fully understand the informed consent document and must sign the informed consent indicating that they are aware of the investigational nature of this study in keeping with the policies of this hospital.
  • The patient must be willing and able to comply with the protocol.
  • For a female patient of childbearing potential, the patient must not be pregnant as evidenced by a menses in the last 8 weeks or by a negative urine HCG pregnancy test.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any radiotherapy or chemotherapy during four weeks prior to entering the study.
  • Nitrosoureas or mitomycin C during six weeks prior to entering the study.
  • Patients with active uncontrolled infection.
  • Serious liver or bone marrow disorder - specifically serum bilirubin >2.0 mg%, SGOT >2.5 times normal, SGPT >2.5 times normal, absolute neutrophil count <1500/mm3, platelet count <100,000/mm3.
  • Evidence of renal failure (blood creatinine >2.0 mg%, BUN >30 mg/dl or creatinine clearance >40 ml/min
  • Evidence of a bleeding diathesis or use of anticoagulant medications.
  • Unstable or severe intercurrent medical conditions.
  • For females: risk of pregnancy (i.e., unwillingness to use adequate protection to prevent pregnancy), breast feeding a baby during the study period, or lactation.
  • Tumors shaped into 3 or more components are excluded. Ovoid-shaped or spherical tumors are allowed. Central necrosis and/or central cystic areas are allowed as long as there is an enhancing rim with a thickness >5 mm.
  • Patients who have undergone a partial resection of tumor and who have a cavity inside the residual tumor are excluded.
  • Patients with tumors located in the following areas of the brain will be excluded: brainstem (pons or medulla), midbrain (mesencephalon), primary sensorimotor cortex in the dominant hemisphere, or within 1.5 cm of the optic chiasm, either optic nerve, or any other cranial nerve.
  • Patients with tumors extending into the ventricular system will also be excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00038441

United States, Texas
UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Direct Therapeutics
Principal Investigator: Samuel J. Hassenbusch, MD, PHD UT MD Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00038441     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ID95-115
First Posted: May 31, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 31, 2012
Last Verified: July 2012

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Malignant Glioma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases