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Comparison of Subacute and Hospital Based Rehabilitation Care

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00038363
First Posted: May 31, 2002
Last Update Posted: November 9, 2010
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
VA Office of Research and Development
  Purpose
The proposed study objective is to compare hospital-based rehabilitative care with transitional subacute rehabilitation for adults recently diagnosed with a disabling disorder. Clinical outcomes, cost and utilization of services will be compared in order to test the hypotheses that medically-stable patients receiving rehabilitation from subacute care facilities will: 1) function as well physically, 2) report less family dysfunction, 3) have better psychological adjustment and well-being than controls who receive only hospital-based inpatient care, and 4) receive services at lower cost. We intend to assess the impact of hospital-based versus subacute care on clinical and cost outcomes at admission, discharge [3 months post-admission] and at 12 months. The first set of analyses will determine predictors of physical function, family function, psychological adjustment and well-being over a 1 year period.

Condition Intervention Phase
Aging Procedure: Rehabilitation Procedure: Subacute care Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Single
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Comparison of Subacute and Hospital Based Rehabilitation Care

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by VA Office of Research and Development:

Estimated Enrollment: 260
Study Start Date: April 2001
Study Completion Date: March 2004
Detailed Description:

Although subacute transitional care is thought to reduce costs by as much as 60 percent of hospital-based care costs (DHHS, 1995), systematic prospective studies of utilization and cost of services have not been done. An important factor to be considered, particularly in elderly patients, is the cost associated with readmission. Some studies have suggested that cost savings and reduced readmissions are associated with the increased availability of post-discharge services (Ludke, MacDowell, Booth et. al., 1990; Weinberger, Smith, Katz et al., 1988). If such cost savings exist, then transitional subacute care may be an important community-based resource for patients returning to independent living. In addition to demonstrating the clinical efficacy of subacute transitional care, the proposed study will also assess long-term outcomes, taking into account patient resource utilization and the incidence of readmission.

The current study will determine if subacute transitional care can improve outcomes that are important to the broad goals of long term independent living and enhanced quality of life. Variables assessed will focus on physical and family function, adjustment, resource utilization, skilled care placements, and survival. When compared to hospital-based rehabilitation, subacute rehabilitation is expected to demonstrate improvements in physical abilities, family function, adjustment, well being, and survival.

b. Hypothesis. The primary hypothesis is that clinical outcomes will be significantly better for subacute care patients at 3 and 12 months than hospital-based control patients. Costs and resource utilization are hypothesized to be significantly less.

c. Objectives and projected timeline. The objective of this study is to conduct a randomized clinical trial to examine the effects of subacute transitional care compared with hospital-based rehabilitative care for disabled patients. Specific objectives will be to: 1] evaluate the type, magnitude and duration of rehabilitative care provided, 2] determine differences in cost of care provided to the two groups, 3] compare clinical outcomes of the two treatments by assessing the magnitude of change, and 4] compare long-term outcomes at 12 months.

Secondary objectives will be to describe diagnostic or demographic subgroups who may benefit to a greater or lesser extent than others.

Patients will be recruited into the study and followed for 1 year, with measurements occurring at hospital admission, at 3 months, and at 12 months. The time to completion of the study is projected to be 3 years. Recruitment of subjects will begin during the second quarter of the project and will continue for 1.5 years. Follow-up measures will continue for an additional year.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
Disabling disorders
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00038363


Locations
United States, Washington
VA Medical Center
Seattle, Washington, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Office of Research and Development
Investigators
OverallOfficial: David Wolff, Ph.D. Special Assistant to the Director Program Analysis and Review Section (PARS), VA Rehabilitation Research & Development Service
OverallOfficial: Vicki Mongiardo, Program Analyst Program Analysis and Review Section (PARS), VA Rehabilitation Research and Development Service
  More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00038363     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: O2571R
First Submitted: May 30, 2002
First Posted: May 31, 2002
Last Update Posted: November 9, 2010
Last Verified: May 2002

Keywords provided by VA Office of Research and Development:
Frail
Disable
Disabled Persons
Physically disabled
Elderly
Rehabilitation
Subacute care