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Airway Responses Following Chlorine Gas Exposure

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00037427
First Posted: May 17, 2002
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  Purpose
To determine lung airway responses following chlorine gas exposure.

Condition
Asthma Lung Diseases

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: September 2001
Study Completion Date: July 2004
Detailed Description:

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

The specific aims of the study are to determine: (1) the effects of asthma with pre-existing airway hyper reactivity on the pulmonary function and airway reactivity and inflammation responses to chlorine; (2) the effects of chlorine concentration on the pulmonary function and airway reactivity and inflammation responses to chlorine; and (3) to assess the time dynamics of the pulmonary function and airway reactivity and inflammation responses to chlorine. It is hypothesized that both airway hyperactivity and higher chlorine concentration will result in larger changes in pulmonary function and airway reactivity and inflammation responses, and that these changes will have differential time courses following chlorine exposure. This study uses two controlled human exposure experiments, utilizing a single-blind, repeated-measures, and counter- balanced design. The two subject groups for both experiments will consist of 21 individuals with no airway hyperactivity, and 21 individuals with both asthma and airway hyperactivity. In Experiment One, subjects are exposed for 15 minutes separately to each of: (1) chlorine at 0.4 ppm; (2) chlorine at 1.0 ppm; and (3) filtered air (Control). Pulmonary function and airway reactivity are measured immediately pre-exposure and 1 and 20 hours post-exposure. Airway inflammation, as determined by cellular and biochemical components from sputum-induction, is measured 65 hours pre-exposure and 20 hours post-exposure. In Experiments Two, subjects are exposed for 15 minutes separately to each of: (1) chlorine (concentration determined from Experiment One); (2) filtered air (Control). Pulmonary function and airway reactivity are measured immediately pre-exposure and at 3 and 72 hours post-exposure. Sputum-induction is performed 65 hours pre-exposure and at 3 and 72 hours post-exposure. The results of this study will provide information on a major irritant chemical relevant to occupational environments. Specially, the susceptibility of a large sub-population at increased risk, the dose-response effects, and the post-exposure time dynamics of the effects of chlorine gas will be determined.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00037427


Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Investigators
OverallOfficial: Colin Solomon University of California at San Francisco
  More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00037427     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1170
R01HL069664 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: May 16, 2002
First Posted: May 17, 2002
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2016
Last Verified: May 2005

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases