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Beta-Glucan and Monoclonal Antibody in Treating Patients With Metastatic Neuroblastoma

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: May 13, 2002
Last updated: January 17, 2013
Last verified: January 2013

RATIONALE: Biological therapies such as beta-glucan use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. Monoclonal antibodies can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Combining beta-glucan and monoclonal antibody may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combining beta-glucan and monoclonal antibody in treating patients who have metastatic neuroblastoma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Biological: beta-glucan
Biological: monoclonal antibody 3F8
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Oral Beta-Glucan and Intravenous Anti-GD2 Monoclonal Antibody 3F8 Among Patients With Metastatic Neuroblastoma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Study Start Date: November 2001
Primary Completion Date: January 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:


  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose of beta-glucan and monoclonal antibody 3F8 in patients with metastatic neuroblastoma.
  • Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.
  • Assess the biological effects of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients receive oral beta-glucan and monoclonal antibody 3F8 (MOAB 3F8) IV within 1.5 hours on days 1-5 and 8-12. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 6 patients receive escalating doses of beta-glucan and MOAB 3F8 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Patients are followed monthly for 6 months, every 2 months for 6 months, and then every 3-6 months for 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 24 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 49 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed high-risk stage 4 metastatic neuroblastoma

    • May be confirmed by bone marrow involvement and elevated urinary catecholamines
  • Progressive or persistent disease after intensive conventional chemotherapy that included induction with N6, N7, N8, or COG protocol with or without bone marrow or stem cell transplantation
  • Poor long-term prognosis as defined by any of the following:

    • N-myc amplification in tumor cells
    • Diploid chromosomal content plus 1p loss of heterozygosity in tumor cells
    • Distant skeletal metastases
    • Unresectable primary tumor infiltrating across the midline
    • More than 10% tumor cells in bone marrow
  • Measurable or evaluable disease documented at least 4 weeks after completion of prior systemic therapy



  • Under 50

Performance status:

  • Not specified

Life expectancy:

  • See Disease Characteristics


  • Platelet count greater than 25,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 500/mm^3


  • Not specified


  • Creatinine clearance greater than 60 mL/min


  • No severe major organ toxicity
  • No active life-threatening infections
  • No prior allergy to mouse proteins
  • No prior allergy to beta-glucan, oats, barley, mushrooms, or yeast
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


Biologic therapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior exposure to mouse antibodies and human anti-mouse antibody greater than 1,000 ELISA units/mL


  • See Disease Characteristics

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • No other concurrent supplemental beta-glucan either as food (e.g., bran cereals) or as complementary medicine
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00037011

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Nai-Kong V. Cheung, MD, PhD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information Identifier: NCT00037011     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 01-075
P30CA008748 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: May 13, 2002
Last Updated: January 17, 2013

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
disseminated neuroblastoma
recurrent neuroblastoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on April 28, 2017