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Risk Factors for Atherogenesis in Type 1 Diabetes

This study has been completed.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by:
University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier:
First received: May 4, 2002
Last updated: January 28, 2016
Last verified: January 2016
To determine risk factors for atherogenesis in Type 1 diabetes.

Cardiovascular Diseases
Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-dependent
Heart Diseases
Diabetes Mellitus

Study Type: Observational

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:

Study Start Date: September 2001
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2005
Detailed Description:


Individuals with Type 1 diabetes have substantially higher risk for premature atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD) than the general population. Risk factors for the development of ASVD have been identified, but linking them to initiation of atherosclerosis was not feasible until recently. Advances in non-invasive imaging now permit early detection of changes in blood vessel function and structure. This imaging provides an opportunity to evaluate risk factors for ASVD and vascular status in a cohort at a critical time for development and early progression of ASVD.


Subjects were enrolled from 1987-1992 and were followed from diabetes diagnosis. Standardized protocols for examinations and interviews were implemented and the data base included a valuable longitudinal plasma bank. Because incident cases were enrolled, information was collected from diagnosis on children, adolescents and young adults currently without symptoms of atherosclerosis. The existing database was expanded, the existing resources were used including the plasma bank, and promising new and well established clinical research techniques were incorporated by: (i) measuring plasma lipid levels on stored plasma and on newly collected blood samples, (ii) measuring triglyceride levels on newly collected blood samples, (iii) measuring urinary albumin excretion rates on newly collected specimens (already measured from diagnosis to date), and (iv) assessing endothelial function by brachial artery ultrasound, (v) measuring the intima medial thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery by ultrasound, and (vi) measuring coronary calcium by computed tomography scanning. These activities allowed pursuit of the following specific aims: 1) to determine the relationship between established risk factors for atherosclerosis and the development of pre-clinical atherosclerosis, 2) to determine the relationship between endothelial dysfunction and carotid IMT, and 3) to determine the relationship between coronary artery calcification and carotid IMT. Such information was critical in directing further efforts toward primary prevention of atherosclerosis in individuals with Type 1 diabetes mellitus.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00035750

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
OverallOfficial: Mari Palta University of Wisconsin, Madison
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00035750     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1054
R01HL062897 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: May 4, 2002
Last Updated: January 28, 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases processed this record on April 28, 2017