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A Comparison of Language Intervention Programs

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) Identifier:
First received: April 8, 2002
Last updated: April 21, 2006
Last verified: April 2006

Brief Summary:

Nearly 7% of elementary school children present with difficulties learning and using language. Unfortunately, language impairments are often long lasting and may have serious social, academic, and vocational ramifications. More than 1 million children receive language intervention in the public schools each year, and many more are seen in hospitals and other clinical settings.

This randomized clinical trial compares the language outcomes of Fast ForWord to two other interventions (computer assisted language intervention without acoustically modified speech and individual language intervention) and to the outcomes of an academic enrichment (control) condition. Each year for 3 years, children will be randomly assigned to each of the four conditions at three regional sites (Austin, Texas, Dallas, Texas, and Lawrence, Kansas). The treatments will be administered in special summer programs. The primary research question is which intervention results in the most improvement in the composite language score from the Oral and Written Language Scales. Secondary questions include which intervention results in the greatest gains in conversational language,which intervention results in the greatest gains 3 and 6 months after training, which intervention results in the greatest improvement in auditory perception, and which intervention is the most cost effective.

The results of the study will have theoretical and practical value. Theoretically, the study tests the temporal processing hypothesis of language impairment. Practically, the study will describe and compare the language, communication, auditory processing and academic outcomes of different language interventions. The study will help clinicians and administrators choose the most effective and least expensive treatment for the children they serve.

Condition Intervention Phase
Language Disorders Behavioral: Fast ForWord Behavioral: Computer Assisted Language Intervention Behavioral: Individual Language Intervention Behavioral: Academic enrichment Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Comparison of Language Intervention Programs

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD):

Estimated Enrollment: 216
Study Start Date: June 2002
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2005

Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 9 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age 6 to 9 years
  • score between 75 and 125 on the Matrices subtest of the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test
  • Speaking Quotient of 79 or lower on the Test of Language Development: Primary: 3rd Edition

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous participation in 8 or more hours of language intervention or classroom activities using any of the Fast ForWord, Laureate, or Earobics speech-language or reading software and/or the Lindamood-Bell auditory discrimination training
  • Failure of a hearing screening test
  • An episode of otitis media in the previous 12 months
  • Evidence of focal brain lesion, traumatic brain injury, cerebral palsy, or seizure disorder
  • Abnormality of oral structure or function impeding normal language production
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00033150

United States, Kansas
Lawrence Public Schools USD 497
Lawrence, Kansas, United States, 66044
United States, Texas
Pflugerville Independent School District
Pflugerville, Texas, United States, 78660
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Principal Investigator: Ronald Gillam, PhD Pflugerville Independent School District
  More Information Identifier: NCT00033150     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: U01DC004560 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: April 8, 2002
Last Updated: April 21, 2006

Keywords provided by National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD):
Specific Language Impairment
Fast ForWord
Language therapy
Auditory processing

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Language Disorders
Communication Disorders
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms processed this record on September 20, 2017