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Meditation-Based Treatment for Binge Eating Disorder

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00032760
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 2, 2002
Last Update Posted : October 2, 2007
Information provided by:
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the relative effectiveness of a mindfulness meditation-based intervention for binge eating disorder in comparison to a psycho-educational intervention and a waiting-list control group.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Binge Eating Disorder Obesity Behavioral: Meditation Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

As many as 30% of individuals seeking treatment for obesity meet the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria for binge eating disorder (BED). BED is marked by recurrent episodes of bingeing, accompanied by feelings of loss of control, and involves chronic disregulation of physiological, emotional and behavioral systems. Meditation-based interventions have been used successfully to treat disorders with similar addictive and disregulatory characteristics, but have not been applied to treating BED. Data from an uncontrolled pilot study suggests that such an intervention can have marked immediate impact on decreasing episodes of binge eating and other associated characteristics in obese women. Therefore, this study incorporates appropriate comparison conditions to further investigate the efficacy of a mindfulness meditation-based intervention as a treatment component for treating BED symptoms. Exploratory aspects include further development of a manual, establishment of effect size (in comparison to appropriate comparison groups), inclusion of a more diverse population, and of measures that address: 1) individual differences in treatment response, 2) possible mechanisms, 3) time course of response, and 3) impact on medical/health variables.

Women from two communities will be randomly assigned to 3 conditions: 1) an 8-week manualized meditation-based group intervention, 2) a psychoeducational comparison condition, or 3) a waiting-list control. Primary outcome variables will be changes in binge eating behaviors, and associated measures of depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and diet; secondary variables include medical variables sensitive to dietary change (i.e., weight; blood pressure; lipid profile; blood glucose levels), and process variables related to meditation practice, such as the Tellegen Absorption Scale, perceived value and use of the meditation practice, and experiences of increased control and awareness. Participants will be evaluated pre- and post-treatment, and at 1, 3, and 6 months followup. This data would then support the further investigation of a meditation-based intervention as part of a more comprehensive treatment program for BED.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 160 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Meditation-Based Treatment for Binge Eating Disorder
Study Start Date : March 2002
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2004

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Eating Disorders

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clinical diagnosis of binge eating disorder;
  • BMI at least 30;
  • Fluent English speaker/reader;
  • Able and willing to attend 9 weekly group sessions over two months, plus followup for 6 months, either in geographic area of Terre Haute, Indiana, or Durham, North Carolina.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Psychiatric or other condition that would preclude appropriate group participation;
  • On a structured diet program;
  • Unstable related medical syndrome (e.g., diabetes, hypertension);
  • Medication that affects weight or appetite that is still being adjusted or that is likely to change during the course of the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00032760

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United States, Indiana
Indiana State University
Terre Haute, Indiana, United States, 47809
United States, North Carolina
Duke Center for Integrative Medicine
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
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Principal Investigator: Jean L. Kristeller, PhD Indiana State University
Principal Investigator: Ruth Quillian-Wolever, PhD Duke University Department of Psychiatry/Center for Integrated Medicine

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00032760     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R21AT000416-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 2, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 2, 2007
Last Verified: September 2007

Keywords provided by National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH):
binge eating disorder
human therapy evaluation
nutrition education
racial /ethnic difference
adult human
alternative medicine
patient oriented research

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Feeding and Eating Disorders
Binge-Eating Disorder
Pathologic Processes
Mental Disorders
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms