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Raloxifene With or Without Exercise Compared With Exercise Alone in Women Who Have Been Previously Treated for Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute Identifier:
First received: March 8, 2002
Last updated: May 24, 2012
Last verified: June 2010

RATIONALE: Raloxifene and exercise may improve bone health and quality of life in breast cancer survivors. Assessing bone health and quality of life may improve the ability to plan treatment.

PURPOSE: Randomized clinical trial to study the effectiveness of raloxifene with or without exercise compared with exercise alone in women who have been previously treated for breast cancer.

Condition Intervention
Breast Cancer Menopausal Symptoms Osteoporosis Drug: raloxifene Procedure: quality-of-life assessment

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Breast Cancer Survivors: Exercise and Raloxifene

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by OHSU Knight Cancer Institute:

Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: March 2001
Study Completion Date: April 2003
Primary Completion Date: April 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:


  • Determine the effects of raloxifene with or without exercise versus exercise alone on bone reabsorption rate, bone formation rate, and bone density in women previously treated for breast cancer.
  • Determine the effects of these regimens on the quality of life of these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to one of four treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients are asked to exercise 5 days a week with instruction. Patients also receive oral placebo once daily.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oral raloxifene once daily.
  • Arm III: Patients are asked to exercise as in arm I. Patients also receive oral raloxifene once daily.
  • Arm IV: Patients receive oral placebo once daily. All patients receive oral calcium supplements once daily. Treatment continues in all arms for 24 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline and every 3 months during study.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 240 patients (60 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed breast cancer
  • No metastatic disease
  • At least 3 months but no more than 1 year since prior chemotherapy regimen including doxorubicin or methotrexate and catabolic steroids (to prevent nausea, vomiting, fluid retention, or hypersensitivity reactions)
  • No routine of regular strenuous exercise (more than 90 minutes per day 6 days/week OR 120 minutes per day 4 days/week)
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Estrogen and progesterone receptor negative OR
    • Estrogen and progesterone receptor positive



  • Any age


  • Female

Menopausal status:

  • Postmenopausal (at diagnosis OR chemotherapy-induced)
  • No spontaneous menses for more than 6 months with increased follicle-stimulating hormone and decreased estradiol

Performance status:

  • Ambulatory

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • No cardiac problems that would preclude exercise
  • No unstable angina


  • No respiratory problems that would preclude exercise
  • No chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • No oxygen dependence


  • No endocrine disease (e.g., parathyroid hormone disorders) that would accelerate bone turnover and loss
  • No musculoskeletal problems or other disease that would preclude exercise (e.g., movement-limiting arthritis, muscular dystrophy, or chronic fatigue syndrome)
  • No known cognitive or psychiatric disorders that would preclude study


Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Prior adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy allowed
  • No concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No concurrent tamoxifen


  • Prior adjuvant radiotherapy after chemotherapy allowed
  • No concurrent radiotherapy


  • Not specified


  • No concurrent bisphosphonates
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00031811

United States, Oregon
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97201-3098
Sponsors and Collaborators
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Anna Schwartz, FNP, PhD OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
  More Information

Responsible Party: OHSU Knight Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT00031811     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000069229
OHSU-6312 ( Other Identifier: OHSU IRB )
Study First Received: March 8, 2002
Last Updated: May 24, 2012

Keywords provided by OHSU Knight Cancer Institute:
stage I breast cancer
stage II breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer
menopausal symptoms

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Raloxifene Hydrochloride
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Bone Density Conservation Agents processed this record on August 17, 2017