Vitamin B Therapy for Hyperlactatemia
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00031057|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 22, 2002
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2011
The purpose of this study is to see if vitamin B can treat mild hyperlactatemia (a higher than normal level of lactate in the blood) in patients who take nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs).
Hyperlactatemia is a potentially life-threatening condition that can be associated with NRTI therapy. A lack of vitamin B may be related to the development of hyperlactatemia. However, no studies have been done to evaluate this. This study proposes that high doses of vitamin B may bring elevated lactate levels back to normal among patients taking NRTIs.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|HIV Infections||Drug: Thiamine hydrochloride Drug: Riboflavin|
Hyperlactatemia, with or without lactic acidosis, is a potentially life-threatening condition that appears to be associated with NRTI therapy. The natural history of lactate elevation as a complication of NRTI therapy is not clearly understood; however, some patients receiving these therapies experience a progressive increase in lactate to symptomatic levels. Deficiencies in thiamine (vitamin B1) and riboflavin (vitamin B2) have been implicated as cofactors in producing hyperlactatemia and lactic acidosis in NRTI-treated patients. A nontoxic intervention that could prevent or reverse advancing lactic acidosis and preserve NRTI use would be highly desirable. To date, no controlled studies have been done to examine the potential role of dietary intake, B vitamin deficiency, and B vitamin therapy on the pathogenesis and clinical course on NRTI-associated lactic acidosis. The hypothesis proposed is that high-dose vitamin B treatment can normalize elevated lactate levels among NRTI-exposed individuals with moderately elevated lactate levels.
This study consists of 2 steps: Step 1 (screening) and Step 2 (treatment). Patients are screened during Step 1 for sustained hyperlactatemia and Step 2 eligibility. Patients with sustained hyperlactatemia but no symptoms that indicate high risk of progression to lactic acidosis and with no plans to change existing NRTI-containing antiretroviral therapy may enter Step 2. A fasting, nonexercise, venous lactate level is obtained at Step 2 entry for use as a baseline measurement, and every patient receives high-dose oral vitamin B1 and B2 therapy for 4 weeks. Fasting, nonexercise, venous lactate levels are measured at Weeks 1, 2, and 4 to observe the kinetics of changes in lactate levels on study treatment.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||225 participants|
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study of Oral B Vitamin Therapy for Asymptomatic or Mildly Symptomatic Hyperlactatemia in Patients on NRTIs|
|Primary Completion Date :||March 2003|
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00031057
|United States, New York|
|Beth Israel Med Ctr|
|New York, New York, United States, 10003|
|United States, North Carolina|
|Univ of North Carolina|
|Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 275997215|
|United States, Ohio|
|Case Western Reserve Univ|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106|
|Study Chair:||Christopher Pilcher|