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Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Filgrastim Before Surgery, High-Dose Chemotherapy, and Radiation Therapy Followed by Isotretinoin With or Without Monoclonal Antibody in Treating Patients With Neuroblastoma

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified August 2010 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: February 14, 2002
Last updated: June 23, 2014
Last verified: August 2010

RATIONALE: Colony-stimulating factors such as filgrastim may increase the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood and may help a person's immune system recover from the side effects of chemotherapy. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplant may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells. Monoclonal antibodies can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Combining isotretinoin and monoclonal antibodies may kill any remaining tumor cells following surgery. It is not yet known which treatment regimen is more effective in treating neuroblastoma.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying how well combination chemotherapy with or without filgrastim before surgery, high-dose chemotherapy, and radiation therapy followed by isotretinoin with or without monoclonal antibody work in treating patients with neuroblastoma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Biological: filgrastim
Biological: monoclonal antibody Ch14.18
Drug: busulfan
Drug: carboplatin
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: etoposide
Drug: isotretinoin
Drug: melphalan
Drug: vincristine sulfate
Procedure: bone marrow ablation with stem cell support
Procedure: conventional surgery
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: High Risk Neuroblastoma Study 1 Of Siop-Europe

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Event-free survival at 3 years
  • Mean number of febrile events during induction

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Response rate assessed by the International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria after 4 and 8 induction chemotherapy courses
  • Event-free survival at 5 years
  • Overall survival
  • Toxicity
  • Biological factors (i.e., MycNM amplification, 1p deletion, ploidy, 17 q+, CD44, and Trk-A)
  • Serum concentrations of lactic dehydrogenase, ferritin, neurone specific enolase
  • Urinary catecholamines at diagnosis

Estimated Enrollment: 175
Study Start Date: December 2001
  Show Detailed Description


Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 20 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Diagnosis of neuroblastoma according to International Neuroblastoma Staging System

    • Stage 2 or 3 with MycN amplification
    • Stage 4
  • Tumor material available for determination of biological prognostic factors



  • 1 to 20 at diagnosis

Performance status:

  • Not specified

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Bilirubin less than 3 times normal
  • ALT less than 3 times normal


  • Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/mL
  • Creatinine clearance and/or glomerular filtration rate at least 60 mL/min


  • Shortening fraction at least 28% OR
  • Ejection fraction at least 55%
  • No clinical congestive heart failure


  • Chest x-ray normal
  • Oxygen saturation normal


  • HIV negative
  • No Brock grade 2 or greater
  • No uncontrolled infections requiring IV antivirals, antibiotics, or antifungals
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified


  • No more than 1 prior chemotherapy regimen for localized unresectable disease
  • No concurrent anthracyclines
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • No other concurrent investigational therapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00030719

  Show 32 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Leicester
Study Chair: Ruth Ladenstein, MD St. Anna Kinderkrebsforschung
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number): Identifier: NCT00030719     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000069191  SIOP-EUROPE-HR-NBL-1  ESIOP  EU-20148 
Study First Received: February 14, 2002
Last Updated: June 23, 2014

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
regional neuroblastoma
disseminated neuroblastoma
stage 4S neuroblastoma
localized unresectable neuroblastoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists processed this record on February 20, 2017