Study of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Parkinson's Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00029666
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 18, 2002
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This study will examine the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on Parkinson's disease symptoms. rTMS is a way of stimulating the brain that may be able to change the electrical activity of the nerve cells in the brain. It has been proposed as a treatment for brain disorders, including Parkinson's disease. In preliminary studies, some patients' symptoms improved; in some they worsened temporarily, and some showed no change.

Patients between 40 and 80 years of age with moderately severe Parkinson's disease, whose main problem is slowness of movement and stiffness, may be eligible for this study.

Participants will be randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: one will receive rTMS to parts of the brain involved in controlling movement; the other will receive sham, or placebo, stimulation. Nine treatments will be given over a 4-1/2 week period. Patients will take their Parkinson's disease medications during the study, but will stop taking the medicines for 4 to 5 hours before one of the sessions.

For rTMS, an insulated wire coil is placed on the scalp. A brief electrical current is passed through the coil, creating a magnetic pulse that stimulates the brain. The pulses are delivered in trains, or short bursts, lasting 1 second each. There will be 48 trains for a total of 1200 pulses per 24-minute session. The stimulation may cause muscle twitching in the scalp or face and may also cause small movements of the limbs.

Just before and after each rTMS session, patients will have a neurologic examination, including an evaluation of walking. Their motor function tests will be recorded on videotape to document possible improvement and to allow physicians to rate the improvement. The physicians will not know which patients are receiving actual rTMS and which are receiving sham treatment. Ratings before the first and after the last rTMS sessions will be more detailed.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Parkinson Disease Device: Neopulse Magnetic Stimulator Phase 2

Detailed Description:
The treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) needs further improvement, particularly in the area of gait and freezing. A promising technique is repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) that, so far, has produced small effects on bradykinesia in drug free patients in limited trials. We hypothesize that rTMS will have a beneficial effect on gait and freezing in medicated patients, and propose to test this in a controlled trial. Specifically, we propose to look at the effect of 25 Hz stimulation since this type of stimulation has been shown to increase the excitability of the cerebral cortex. Over a one-year period, we will enroll 40 adults with PD and evaluate the effects 8 treatments over a period of 4 weeks. We will investigate effects on the motor cortex and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex since both of these regions may be underactivated in PD and recent data suggest a change in diencephalic dopamine function with rTMS of the prefrontal cortex. Symptoms will be evaluated with standard tests of motor function including the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale and specific tests of gait and freezing. We will look for acute effects of stimulation and for cumulative effects.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 40 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Placebo Controlled Study of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) for the Treatment of Parkinson's Disease
Study Start Date : January 2002
Study Completion Date : March 2005

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


Men and women aged forty to eighty five years with DOPA-responsive, akinetic-rigid PD.

Patients who have not participated in Human Motor Control Section (HMCS) protocols for PD in the past will be interviewed and examined by either the PI or a Brain Stimulation Unit (BSU) or HMCS physician in order to establish the diagnosis of PD and rule out any neurologic condition.

Only patients with a Hoehn and Yahr grade of 3 to 5 while "off" will be accepted.

Patients must be on a regimen including levodopa, and have a total dose of medication equal to more than 375 mg of levodopa equivalent including their dopamine agonist agents.

Patients should have problems with walking, including freezing, so that their gait time for a 10-meter distance will be 5 seconds or more.

Any patient whose record does not contain a neurological examination from the past year will be reexamined before enrollment. The study will be explained and informed consent obtained by a protocol investigator.


Any significant medical or psychiatric illness (other than PD), pregnancy (urine sample for the pregnancy test will be obtained prior to the rTMS start, at the day of the initial interview and signing the consent form), history of epilepsy, concurrent use of tricyclic antidepressants, neuroleptic agents, or any other licit or illicit drugs other than antiparkinsonian agents that could lower the seizure threshold.

Persons with surgically or traumatically implanted foreign bodies such as a pacemaker, implanted medication pump, metal plate in the skull, and metal inside the skull or eyes (other than dental appliances or fillings) that may pose a physical hazard during magnetic stimulation.

Patients for whom participation in the study would, in the opinion of the investigators, cause undue risk or stress for reasons such as tendency to fall, excessive fatigue, general frailty, or excessive apprehensiveness.

Mentally impaired patients having no capacity to provide their own consent will be excluded from the study. The physician establishing the diagnosis and applying UPDRS will evaluate patient's mental capacity using conventional clinical interview. No psychological tests will be used. Formal reevaluation will not be done.

Children are excluded since Parkinson's disease is not, generally, a disorder of children.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00029666

United States, Maryland
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

Publications: Identifier: NCT00029666     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 020105
First Posted: January 18, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: March 2005

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Motor Cortex
Sham Stimulation
Prefrontal Cortex
Brain Stimulation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Parkinson Disease
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases